Book of Odes

About the electronic version
Shi Jing [Book of Odes]
Anonymous


Creation of machine-readable version: Xuepen Sun and Xiaoqian Zheng, University of Virginia Chinese Text Initiative
Creation of digital images:
Conversion to TEI.2-conformant markup: Xuepen Sun and Xiaoqian Zheng, Universit y of Virginia Chinese Text Initiative
University of Virginia Library
Charlottesville, Virginia
Chinese, AnoShih

Publicly-accessible
URL: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/chinese

1998

Chinese Text Initiative
Chinese characters which were not available in the Chinese word processor (NJStar) were substituted with synonymous characters.


About the print version
Shi Ji Zhuan
Zhu Xi

Zhong Hua Xue Yi She
Shanghai
1936
Print copy consulted: in UVa Makiam collection
The English translation text was taken from The Chinese Classics, vol. 4 by Jame s Legge (1898) and checked against a reprinted edition by Wen Zhi Zhe chu pan sh e (Taiwan, 1971). Transliteration of Chinese names in the English translation we re converted to PinYin from Legge's own.
Prepared for the University of Virginia Library Electronic Text Center.
The images exist as archived TIFF images, one or more JPEG versions for general use, and thumbnail GIFs.
Some keywords in the header are a local Electronic Text Center scheme to aid in establishing analytical groupings.

English Chinese

Revisions to the electronic version
August 1998
corrector Christine Ruotolo, Electronic Text Center Created TEI header; parsed text and fixed tagging errors.

etext@virginia.edu . Commercial use prohibited; all usage governed by our Conditions of Use: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/conditions.html


诗集传序
或有问予曰、诗何为而作也。予应之曰、人生而静、 天之性也、感於物而动、 性之欲也 ?C夫既有欲矣、 则不能无思。 既有思矣、则不能无言。既有言矣、 则言之所不能尽、 尔?o於咨嗟咏叹之余者、必有自然之音响节族﹙音奏﹚而不能已焉。 此诗之所以作也。曰、然则其所以教者何也。曰、诗者、人心之感物而形於言之余也。心之所感而邪正、故言之所形有是非。惟圣人在上、则其所感者无不正、而其言皆足以为教。其或感之之杂、而所发不能无可择者、则上之人必思所以自反、而因有以劝惩之、是亦所以为教也。昔周盛之时、 上?菢未q朝廷而下达於乡党闾巷、其言粹然而不出於正者、 圣人固已协之声律、而用之乡人、用之邦国、以化天下。至於列国之诗、则天子巡狩、亦必陈而观之、 以行黜陟之典。降自?L穆而後、寖以陵夷。至於东迁、而遂废不讲矣。孔子生於其时、既不得位、无以行劝黜陟?妞F、於是特举其籍而讨论之、去其重复、正其纷乱、而其善之不足以为法、恶之不足以为?椌怴B则亦刊而去之、以从简约、示久远、使夫学者即是而有以考其得失、善者师之而恶者?鼤j。是以其正虽不足以行於一时、而其教实被於万世、是则诗之所以为教者然也。曰、然?h国风雅颂之体、其不同若是、何也。曰、吾闻之、凡诗之所谓风者、多出於里巷歌谣之作?B所谓男女相与咏歌、各言其情者也。惟周南昭南亲被文王之化以成德、而人皆有以得其性?﹞坏缣B故其发於言者、乐而不过於淫、哀而不及於伤、是以而篇独为风诗之正经。自邶而?U、则其国之治乱不同、人之贤否亦异、其所感而发者、有邪正是非之不齐、而所谓先王之?楫怴B於此焉变矣。若夫雅颂之篇、则皆成周之世、朝廷郊庙乐歌之辞、其语和而庄、其义?e而密、其作者往往圣人之徒、固所以为万师法程而不可易者也。至於雅之变者、亦皆一时?憭H君子、闵时病俗之所为、而圣人取之、其忠厚侧怛之心、 陈善之意、尤非後世能言之士所能及之。此诗之为经、所以人事浃於天下、天道备於上、而无一理之不具也。曰、然则其学之也当奈何。曰、本之二南以求其端、参之列国以尽其变、正之於雅以大其规、和之於颂以要其止、此学诗之大旨也。於是乎章句以纲之、训诂以纪之、讽咏以昌之、涵濡以体之、察之性情隐微之间、审之言行枢机之始、则修身及家、平均天下之道、 亦不待他求而得之?韟麂o。问者唯唯而退、余时方辑诗传、因悉次是语以冠其篇云。
淳熙四年丁酉冬十月戊子、新安朱熹序

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国风
(LESSONS FROM THE STATES)
国者、诸候所封之域、而风者、民俗歌谣之诗也。谓之风者、以其被上之化以有言、而其言又足以感人、如物因风之动以有声、而其声又足以动物也。是以诸候采之以贡於天子、天子受之而列於乐官、於以考其俗尚之美恶、而知其政治之得失焉。旧说二南为正风、所以用之闺门乡党邦国而化天下也。 十三国为变风、则亦领在乐官、以时存肄、备观省而垂监戎耳?B合之凡十五国云。
周南 (THE ODES OF ZHOU AND THE SOUTH)
1. 关睢 GUAN SUI
关关雎鸠、在河之洲。
窈宨淑女、君子好逑。

参差荇菜、左右流之。
窈宨淑女、寤寐求之。
求之不得、寤寐思服。
悠哉悠哉、辗转反侧。

参差荇菜、左右采之。
窈宨淑女、琴瑟友之。
参差荇菜、左右芼之。
窈宨淑女、 锺鼓乐之。

Guan-guan go the ospreys ,
On the islet in the river .
The modest , retiring , virtuous , young lady : --
For our prince a good mate she .

Here long , there short , is the duckweed ,
To the left , to the right , borne about by the current .
The modest , retiring , virtuous , young lady : --
Waking and sleeping , he sought her .
He sought her and found her not ,
And waking and sleeping he thought about her .
Long he thought ; oh ! long and anxiously ;
On his side , on his back , he turned , and back again .

Here long , there short , is the duckweed ;
On the left , on the right , we gather it .
The modest , retiring , virtuous , young lady : --
With lutes , small and large , let us give her friendly welcome .
Here long , there short , is the duckweed ;
On the left , on the right , we cook and present it .
The modest , retiring , virtuous , young lady : --
With bells and drums let us show our delight in her .


2. 葛覃 GE TAN
葛之覃兮、施于中谷。
维叶萋萋、黄鸟于飞。
集于灌木、其鸣喈喈。

葛之覃兮、施于中谷。
维叶莫莫、是刈是濩。
为絺为綌、服之无斁。

言告师氏、言告言归。
薄污我私、薄澣我衣。
害澣害否、归宁父母 。

How the dolichos spread itself out ,
Extending to the middle of the valley !
Its leaves were luxuriant ;
The yellow birds flew about ,
And collected on the thickly growing trees ,
Their pleasant notes resounding far .

How the dolichos spread itself out ,
Extending to the middle of the valley !
Its leaves were luxuriant and dense .
I cut it and I boiled it ,
And made both fine cloth and coarse ,
Which I will wear without getting tired of it .

I have told the matron ,
Who will announce that I am going to see my parents .
I will wash my private clothes clean ,
And I will rinse my robes .
Which need to be rinsed , which do not ?
I am going back to visit my parents.


3. 卷耳 JUAN ER
采采卷耳、不盈顷筐。
嗟我怀人、寘彼周行。

陟彼崔嵬、我马虺隤。
我姑酌彼金罍、维以不永怀。

陟彼高冈、我马玄黄。
我姑酌彼兕觥、维以不永伤。

陟彼砠矣、我马瘏矣、我仆痡矣、云何吁矣。

I was gathering and gathering the mouse-ear ,
But could not fill my shallow basket .
With a sigh for the man of my heart ,
I placed it there on the highway .

I was ascending that rock-covered height ,
But my horses were too tired to breast it .
I will now pour a cup from that gilded vase ,
Hoping I may not have to think of him long .

I was ascending that lofty ridge ,
But my horses turned of a dark yellow .
I will now take a cup from that rhinoceros' horn ,
Hoping I may not have long to sorrow .

I was ascending that flat-topped height ,
But my horses became quite disabled ,
And my servants were [also] disabled .
Oh ! how great is my sorrow !


4. 樛木 JIU MU
南有樛木、葛藟累之。
乐只君子、福履绥之。

南有樛木、葛藟荒之。
乐只君子、福履将之。

南有樛木、葛藟萦之。
乐只君子、福履成之。

In the south are trees with curved drooping branches ,
With the doliches creepers clinging to them .
To be rejoiced in is our princely lady : --
May she repose in her happiness and dignity !

In the south are the trees with curved drooping branches ,
Covered by the dolichos creepers .
To be rejoiced in is our princely lady : --
May she be great in her happiness and dignity !

In the south are the trees with curved drooping branches ,
Round which the dolichos creepers twine .
To be rejoiced in is our princely lady : --
May she be complete in her happiness and dignity !


5. 螽斯 ZHONG SI
螽斯羽、诜诜兮。
宜尔子孙、振振兮。

螽斯羽、薨薨兮。
宜尔子孙、绳绳兮。

螽斯羽、揖揖兮。
宜尔子孙、蛰蛰兮。

Ye locusts , winged tribes ,
How harmoniously you collect together !
Right is it that your descendants
Should be multitudinous !

Ye locusts , winged tribes ,
How sound your wings in flight !
Right is it that your descendents
Should be as in unbroken strings !

Ye locusts , winged tribes ,
How you cluster together !
Right is it that your descendents
Should be in swarms !


6. 桃夭 TAO YAO
桃之夭夭、灼灼其华。
之子于归、宜其家室。

桃之夭夭、有蕡其实。
之子于归、宜其室家。

桃之夭夭、其叶蓁蓁。
之子于归、宜其家人。

The peach tree is young and elegant ;
Brilliant are its flowers .
This young lady is going to her future home ,
And will order well her chamber and house .

The peach tree is young and elegant ;
Abundant will be its fruits .
This young lady is going to her future home ,
And will order well her chamber and house .

The peach tree is young and elegant ;
Luxuriant are its leaves .
This young lady is going to her future home ,
And will order well her family .


7. 兔罝 TU JU
肃肃兔罝、椓之丁丁。
赳赳武夫、公侯干城。

肃肃兔罝、施于中逵。
赳赳武夫、公侯好仇。

肃肃兔罝、施于中林。
赳赳武夫、公侯腹心。

Carefully adjusted are the rabbit nets ;
Clang clang go the blows on the pegs .
That stalwart , martial man
Might be shield and wall to his prince .

Carefully adjusted are the rabbit nets ,
And placed where many ways meet .
That stalwart , martial man
Would be a good companion for his prince .

Carefully adjusted are the rabbit nets ,
And placed in the midst of the forest .
That stalwart , martial man
Might be head and heart to his prince .


8. 芣苡 FOU YI
采采芣苡、薄言采之。
采采芣苡、薄言有之。

采采芣苡、薄言掇之。
采采芣苡、薄言捋之。

采采芣苡、薄言袺之。
采采芣苡、薄言襭之。

We gather and gather the plantains ;
Now we may gather them .
We gather and gather the plantains ;
Now we have got them .

We gather and gather the plantains ;
Now we pluck the ears .
We gather and gather the plantains ;
Now we rub out the seeds .

We gather and gather the plantains ;
Now we place the seeds in our skirts .
We gather and gather the plantains ;
Now we tuck out skirts under our girdles .


9. 汉广 HAN GUANG
南有乔木、不可休息。
汉有游女、不可求思。
汉之广矣、不可泳思。
江之永矣、不可方思。

翘翘错薪、言刈其楚。
之子于归、言秣其马。
汉之广矣、不可泳思。
江之永矣、不可方思。

翘翘错薪、言刈其蒌 。
之子于归、言秣其驹 。
汉之广矣、不可泳思 。
江之永矣、不可方思 。

In the south rise the trees without branches ,
Affording no shelter .
By the Han are girls rambling about ,
But it is vain to solicit them .
The breath of the Han
Cannot be dived across ;
The length of the Jiang
Cannot be navigated with a raft .

Many are the bundles of firewood ;
I would cut down the thorns [to form more] .
Those girls that are going to their future home , --
I would feed their horses .
The breadth of the Han
Cannot be dived across ;
The length of the Jiang ,
Cannot be navigated with a raft .

Many are the bundles of firewood ;
I would cut down the southern wood [to form more] .
Those girls that are going to their future home , --
I would feed their colts .
The breadth of the Han
Cannot be dived across ;
The length of the Jiang
Cannot be navigated with a raft .


10. 汝坟 RU FEN
遵彼汝坟、伐其条枚。
未见君子、惄如调饥。

遵彼汝坟、伐其条肆。
既见君子、不我遐弃。

鲂鱼赬尾、王室如毁 。
虽则如毁、父母孔迩 。

Along those raised banks of the Ru ,
I cut down the branches and slender stems .
While I could not see my lord ,
I felt as it were pangs of great hunger .

Along those raised banks of the Ru ,
I cut down the branches and fresh twigs .
I have seen my lord ;
He has not cast me away .

The bream is showing its tail all red ;
The royal House is like a blazing fire .
Though it be like a blazing fire ,
Your parents are very near .


11. 麟之趾 LIN ZHI ZHI
麟之趾、振振公子。
于嗟麟兮。

麟之定、振振公姓。
于嗟麟兮。

麟之角、振振公族。
于嗟麟兮。

The feet of the Lin : --
The noble sons of our prince ,
Ah ! they are the Lin !

The forehead of the Lin : --
The noble grandsons of our prince ,
Ah ! they are the Lin !

The horn of the Lin : --
The noble kindred of our prince ,
Ah ! they are the Lin !

召南 (THE ODES OF SHAO AND THE SOUTH)
12. 鹊巢 QUE CHAO
维鹊有巢、维鸠居之。
之子于归、百两御之。

维鹊有巢、维鸠方之。
之子于归、百两将之。

维鹊有巢、维鸠盈之。
之子于归、百两成之。

The nest is the magpie's ;
The dove dwells in it .
This young lady is going to her future home ;
A hundred carriages are meeting her .

The nest is the magpie's ;
The dove possesses it .
This young lady is going to her future home ;
A hundred carriages are escorting her .

The nest is the magpie's ;
The dove fills it .
This young lady is going to her future home ;
These hundreds of carriages complete her array .


13. 采蘩 CAI FAN
于以采蘩、于沼于沚。
于以用之、公侯之事。

于以采蘩、于涧之中。
于以用之、公侯之宫。

被之僮僮、夙夜在公。
被之祁祁、薄言还归。

She gathers the white southernwood ,
By the ponds , on the islets .
She employs it ,
In the business of our prince .

She gathers the white southernwood ,
Along the streams in the valleys .
She employs it ,
In the temple of our prince .

With head-dress reverently rising aloft ,
Early , while yet it is night, she is in the prince's temple ;
In her dead-dress, slowly retiring ,
She returns to her own apartments .


14. 草虫 CAO CHONG
喓喓草虫、趯趯阜螽
未见君子、忧心忡忡。
亦既见止、亦既觏止、我心则降。

陟彼南山、言采其蕨。
未见君子、忧心惙惙。
亦既见止、亦既觏止、我心则说。

陟彼南山、言采其薇。
未见君子、我心伤悲。
亦既见止、亦既觏止、我心则夷。

Yao-yao went the grass-insects ,
And the hoppers sprang about .
While I do not see my lord ,
My sorrowful heart is agitated .
Let me have seen him ,
Let me have met him ,
And my heart will then be stilled .

I ascended that hill in the south ,
And gathered the turtle-foot ferns .
While I do not see my lord ,
My sorrowful heart is very sad .
Let me have seen him ,
Let me have met him ,
And my heart will then be pleased .

I ascended that hill in the south ,
And gathered the thorn-ferns .
While I do not see my lord ,
My sorrowful heart is wounded with grief .
Let me have seen him ,
Let me have met him ,
And my heart will then be at peace .


15. 采苹 CAI PING
于以采苹、南涧之滨。
于以采藻、于彼行潦。

于以盛之、维筐及筥。
于以湘之、维錡及釜。

于以奠之、宗室牖下。
谁起尸之、有齐季女。

She gathers the large duckweed ,
By the banks of the stream in the southern valley .
She gathers the pondweed ,
In those pools left by the floods .

She deposits what she gathers ,
In her square baskets and round ones
She boils it ,
In her tripods and pans .

She sets forth her preparations ,
Under the window in the ancestral chamber .
Who superintends the business ?
It is [this] reverent young lady .


16. 甘棠 GAN TANG
蔽芾甘棠、勿翦勿伐、召伯所茇。

蔽芾甘棠、勿翦勿败、召伯所憩。

蔽芾甘棠、勿翦勿拜、召伯所说。

[This] umbrageous sweet pear-tree ; --
Clip it not, hew it not down .
Under it the chief of Zhou lodged .

[This] umbrageous sweet pear-tree ; --
Clip it not , break not a twig of it .
Under it the chief of Zhou rested .

[This] umbrageous sweet pear-tree ; --
Clip it not , bend not a twig of it .
Under it the chief of Zhou halted .


17. 行露 XING LU
厌浥行露、岂不夙夜、谓行多露。

谁谓雀无角、何以穿我屋。
谁谓女无家、何以速我狱。
虽速我狱、室家不足。

谁谓鼠无牙、何以穿我墉。
谁谓女无家、何以速我讼。
虽速我狱、亦不女从。

Wet lay the dew on the path : --
Might I not [have walked there] in the early dawn ?
But I said there was [too] much dew on the path .

Who can say the sparrow has no horn ?
How else can it bore through my house ?
Who can say that you did not get me betrothed ?
How else could you have urged on this trial ?
But though you have forced me to trial ,
Your ceremonies for betrothal were not sufficient .

Who can say that the rat has no molar teeth ?
How else could it bore through my wall ?
Who can say that you did not get me betrothed ?
How else could you have urged on this trial ?
But though you have forced me to trial ,
I will still not follow you .


18. 羔羊 GAO YANG
羔羊之皮、素丝五紽。
退食自公、委蛇委蛇。

羔羊之革、素丝五緎。
委蛇委蛇、自公退食。

羔羊之缝、素丝五总。
委蛇委蛇、退食自公。

[Those] lamb-skins and sheep-skins ,
With their five braidings of white silk !
They have retired from the court to take their their meal ;
Easy are they and self-possesed .

[Those] lamb-skins and sheep-skins ,
With their five seams wrought with white silk !
Easy are they and self-possessed ;
They have retired from the court to take their their meal .

The seams of [those] lamb-skins and sheep-skins ,
The five joinings wrought with white silk !
Easy are they and self-possessed ;
They have retired to take their their meal from the court .


19. 殷其雷 YIN QI LEI
殷其雷、在南山之阳。
何斯违斯、莫敢或遑。
振振君子、归哉归哉。

殷其雷、在南山之侧。
何斯违斯、莫敢遑息。
振振君子、归哉归哉。

殷其雷、在南山之下。
何斯违斯、莫敢遑处。
振振君子、归哉归哉。

Grandly rolls the thunder ,
On the south of the southern hill !
How was it he went away from this ,
Not daring to take a little rest ?
My noble lord !
May he return ! May he return !

Grandly rolls the thunder ,
About the sides of the southern hill !
How was it he went away from this ,
Not daring to take a little rest ?
My noble lord !
May he return ! May he return !

Grandly rolls the thunder ,
At the foot of the southern hill !
How was it he went away from this ,
Not remaining a little at rest ?
My noble lord !
May he return ! May he return !


20. 摽有梅 BIAO YOU MEI
摽有梅、其实七兮。
求我庶士、迨其吉兮。

摽有梅、其实三兮。
求我庶士、迨其今兮。

摽有梅、顷筐塈之。
求我庶士、迨其谓之。

Dropping are the fruits from the plum-tree ;
There are [but] seven [tenths] of them left !
For the gentlemen who seek me ,
This is the fortunate time !

Dropping are the fruits from the plum-tree ;
There are [but] three [tenths] of them left !
For the gentlemen who seek me ,
Now is the time .

Dropt are the fruits from the plum-tree ;
In my shallow basket I have collected them .
Would the gentlemen who seek me
[Only] speak about it !


21. 小星 XIAO XING
嘒彼小星、三五在东。
肃肃宵征、夙夜在公、寔命不同。

嘒彼小星、 维参与昴。
肃肃宵征、抱衾与裯、寔命不犹。

Small are those starlets ,
Three or five of them in the east ,
Swiftly by night we go ;
In the early dawn we are with the prince .
Our lot is not like hers .

Small are those starlets ,
And there are Orion and the Pleiades .
Swiftly by night we go ,
Carrying our coverlets and sheets .
Our lot is not like hers .


22. 江有汜 JIANG YOU SI
江有汜、之子归、不我以。
不我以、其後也悔。

江有渚、之子归、不我与。
不我与、其後也处。

江有沱、之子归、不我过。
不我过、其啸也歌。

The Jiang has its branches , led from it and returning to it .
Our lady , when she was married ,
Would not employ us .
She would not employ us ;
But afterwards she repented .

The Jiang has its islets .
Our lady , when she was married ,
Would not let us be with her .
She would not let us be with her ;
But afterwards she repressed [such feelings] .

The Jiang has the Tuo .
Our lady , when she was married ,
Would not come near us
She would not come near us ;
But she blew that feeling away , and sang .


23. 野有死麇 YE YOU SI JUN
野有死麇、白茅包之。
有女怀春、吉士诱之。

林有朴樕、野有死鹿。
白茅纯束、有女如玉。

舒而脱脱兮、无感我帨兮、无使尨也吠。

In the wild there is a dead antelope ,
And it is wrapped up with the white grass .
There is a young lady with thoughts natural to the spring ,
And a fine gentleman would lead her astray .

In the forest there are the scrubby oaks ;
In the wild there is a dead deer ,
And it is bound round with the white grass .
There is a young lady like a gem .

[She says] , Slowly ; gently , gently ;
Do not move my handkerchief ;
Do not make my dog bark .


24. 何彼襛矣 HE BI NONG YI
何彼襛矣、唐棣之华。
曷不肃雝、王姬之车。

何彼襛矣、华如桃李。
平王之孙、齐侯之子。

其钓维何、维丝伊缗。
齐侯之子、平王之孙。

How great is that luxuriance ,
Those flowers of the sparrow-plum !
Are they not expressive of reverence and harmony , --
The carriages of the king's daughter ?

How great is that luxuriance ,
The flowers like those of the peach-tree or the plum !
[See] the grand-daughter of the tranquillizing king ,
And the son of the reverent marquis !

What are used in angling ?
Silk threads formed into lines .
The son of the reverent marquis ,
And the grand-daughter of the tranquillizing king !


25. 驺虞 ZOU YU
彼茁者葭、壹发五豝。
于嗟乎驺虞。

彼茁者蓬、壹发五豵。
于嗟乎驺虞。

Strong and abundant grow the rushes ;
He discharges [but] one arrow at five wild boars .
Ah ! he is the Zou-yu !

Strong and abundant grow the artemisia ;
He discharges [but] one arrow at five wild boars .
Ah ! he is the Zou-yu !

邶风 (THE ODES OF BEI)
26. 柏舟 BO ZHOU
泛彼柏舟、亦泛其流。
耿耿不寐、如有隐忧。
微我无酒、以敖以游。

我心匪鉴、不可以茹。
亦有兄弟、不可以据。
薄言往愬、逢彼之怒。

我心匪石、不可转也。
我心匪席、不可卷也。
威仪棣棣、不可选也。

忧心悄悄、愠于群小。
觏闵既多、受侮不少。
静言思之、寤辟有摽。

日居月诸、胡迭而微。
心之忧矣、如匪澣衣。
静言思之、不能奋飞。

It floats about , that boat of cypress wood ;
Yea , it floats about on the current .
Disturbed am I and sleepless ,
As if suffering from a painful wound .
It is not because I have no wine ,
And that I might not wander and saunder about .

My mind is not a mirror ; --
It cannot [equally] receive [all impressions] .
I , indeed , have brothers ,
But I cannot depend on them ,
I meet with their anger .

My mind is not a stone ; --
It cannot be rolled about .
My mind is not a mat ; --
It cannot be rolled up .
My deportment has been dignified and good ,
With nothing wrong which can be pointed out .

My anxious heart is full of trouble ;
I am hated by the herd of mean creatures ;
I meet with many distresses ;
I receive insults not a few .
Silently I think of my case ,
And , starting as from sleep , I beat my breast .

There are the sun and moon , --
How is it that the former has become small , and not the latter ?
The sorrow cleaves to my heart ,
Like an unwashed dress .
Silently I think of my case ,
But I cannot spread my wings and fly away .


27. 绿衣 LU YI
绿兮衣兮、绿兮黄里。
心之忧矣、曷维其已。

绿兮衣兮、绿兮黄裳。
心之忧矣、曷维其亡。

绿兮丝兮、女所治兮。
我思古人、俾无訧兮。

稀兮綌兮、凄其以风。
我思古人、实获我心。

Green is the upper robe ,
Green with a yellow lining !
The sorrow of my heart , --
How can it cease ?

Green is the upper robe ,
Green the upper , and yellow the lower garment !
The sorrow of my heart , --
How can it be forgotten ?

[Dyed] green has been the silk ; --
It was you who did it .
[But] I think of the ancients ,
That I may be kept from doing wrong .

Linen , fine or coarse ,
Is cold when worn in the wind .
I think of the ancients ,
And find what is in my heart .


28. 燕燕 YAN YAN
燕燕于飞、差池其羽。
之子于归、远送于野。
瞻望弗及、泣涕如雨。

燕燕于飞、颉之颃之。
之子于归、远于将之。
瞻望弗及、伫立以泣。

燕燕于飞、下上其音。
之子于归、远送于南。
瞻望弗及、实劳我心。

仲氏任只、其心塞渊。
终温且惠、淑慎其身。
先君之思、以勖寡人。

The swallows go flying about ,
With their wings unevenly displayed .
The lady was returning [to her native state] ,
And I escorted her far into the country .
I looked till I could no longer see her ,
And my tears fell down like rain .

The swallows go flying about ,
Now up , now down .
The lady was returning [to her native state] ,
And far did I accompany her .
I looked till I could no longer see her ,
And long I stood and wept .

The swallows go flying about ;
From below , from above , comes their twittering .
The lady was returning [to her native state] ,
And far did I escort her to the south .
I looked till I could no longer see her ,
And great was the grief of my heart .

Lovingly confiding was lady Zhong ;
Truly deep was her feeling .
Both gentle was she and docile ,
Virtuously careful of her person .
In thinking of our deceased lord ,
She stimulated worthless me .


29. 日月 RI YUE
日居月诸、照临下土。
乃如之人兮、逝不古处。
胡能有定、宁不我顾。

日居月诸、下土是冒。
乃如之人兮、逝不相好。
胡能有定、宁不我报。

日居月诸、出自东方。
乃如之人兮、德音无良。
胡能有定、俾也可忘。

日居月诸、东方自出。
父兮母兮、畜我不卒。
胡能有定、报我不述。

O sun ; O moon ,
Which enlightens this lower earth !
Here is the man ,
Who treats me not according to the ancient rule .
How can he get his mind settled ?
Would he then not regard me ?

O sun ; O moon ,
Which overshadow this lower earth !
Here is this man ,
Who will not be friendly with me .
How can he get his mind settled ?
Would he then not respond to me ?

O sun ; O moon ,
Which come forth from the east !
Here is the man ,
With virtuous words , but really not good .
How can he get his mind settled ?
Would he then allow me to be forgotten ?

O sun ; o moon ,
From the east which come forth !
O father , O mother ,
There is no sequel to your nourishing of me .
How can he get his mind settled ?
Would he then respond to me , contrary to all reason ?


30. 终风 ZHONG FENG
终风且暴、顾我则笑。
谑浪笑敖、中心是悼。

终风且霾、惠然肯来。
莫往莫来、悠悠我思。

终风且曀、不日有曀。
寤言不寐、愿言则嚏。

曀曀其阴、虺虺其雷。
寤言不寐、愿言则怀。

The wind blows and is fierce ,
He looks at me and smiles ,
With scornful words and dissolute , -- the smile of pride .
To the center of my heart I am grieved .

The wind blows , with clouds of dust .
Kindly he seems to be willing to come to me ;
[But] he neither goes nor comes .
Long , long , do I think of him .

The wind blew , and the sky was cloudy ;
Before a day elapses , it is cloudy again .
I awake , and cannot sleep ;
I think of him , and gasp .

All cloudy is the darkness ,
And the thunder keeps muttering .
I awake and cannot sleep ;
I think of him , and my breast is full of pain .


31. 击鼓 JI GU
击鼓其镗、踊跃用兵。
土国城漕、我独南行。

从孙子仲、平陈与宋。
不我以归、忧心有忡。

爰居爰处、爰丧其马。
于以求之、于林之下。

死生契阔、与子成说。
执子之手、与子偕老。

于嗟阔兮、不我活兮。
于嗟洵兮、不我信兮。

Hear the roll of our drums !
See how we leap about , using our weapons !
Those do the fieldwork in the State , or fortify Cao ,
While we alone march to the south .

We followed Sun Zizhong ,
Peace having been made with Chen and Song;
[But] he did not lead us back ,
And our sorrowful hearts are very sad .

Here we stay , here we stop ;
Here we lose our horses ;
And we seek for them ,
Among the trees of the forest .

For life or for death , however separated ,
To our wives we pledged our word .
We held their hands ; --
We were to grow old together with them .

Alas for our separation !
We have no prospect of life .
Alas for our stipulation !
We cannot make it good .


32. 凯风 KAI FENG
凯风自南、吹彼棘心。
棘心夭夭、母氏劬劳。

凯风自南、吹彼棘薪。
母氏圣善、我无令人。

爰有寒泉、在浚之下。
有子七人、母氏劳苦。

睍睆黄鸟、载好其音。
有子其人、莫慰母心。

The genial wind from the south
Blows on the heart of that jujube tree ,
Till that heart looks tender and beautiful .
What toil and pain did our mother endure !

The genial wind from the south
Blows on the branches of that jujube tree ,
Our mother is wise and good ;
But among us there is none good .

There is the cool spring
Below [the city of] Jun .
We are seven sons ,
And our mother is full of pain and suffering .

The beautiful yellow birds
Give forth their pleasant notes .
We are seven sons ,
And cannot compose our mother's heart .


33. 雄雉 XIONG ZHI
雄雉于飞、泄泄其羽。
我之怀矣、自诒伊阻。

雄雉于飞、下上其音。
展矣君子、实劳我心。

瞻彼日月、悠悠我思。
道之云远、曷云能来。

百尔君子、不知德行。
不忮不求、何用不臧。

The male pheasant flies away ,
Lazily moving his wings .
The man of my heart ! --
He has brought on us this separation .

The pheasant has flown away ,
But from below, from above, comes his voice .
Ah ! the princely man ! --
He afflicts my heart .

Look at that sun and moon !
Long , long do I think .
The way is distant ;
How can he come to me ?

All ye princely men ,
Know ye not his virtuous conduct ?
He hates none ; he covets nothing ; --
What does he which is not good ?


34. 匏有苦叶 PAO YOU KU YE
匏有苦叶、济有深涉。
深则厉、浅则揭。

有弥济盈、有鷕雉鸣。
济盈不濡轨、雉鸣求起牡。

雝雝鸣鴈、旭日始旦。
士如归妻、迨冰未泮。

招招舟子、人涉卬否。
人涉卬否、卬须我友。

The gourd has [still] its bitter leaves ,
And the crossing at the ford is deep .
If deep , I will go through with my clothes on ;
If shallow , I will do so , holding them up .

The ford is full to overflowing ;
There is the note of the female pheasant .
The full ford will not wet the axle of my carriage ;
It is the pheasant calling for her mate .

The wild goose , with its harmonious notes ,
At sunrise , with the earliest dawn ,
By the gentleman , who wishes to bring home his bride ,
[Is presented] before the ice is melted .

The boatman keeps beckoning ;
And others cross with him , but I do not .
Others cross with him, but I do not ; --
I am waiting for my friend .


35. 谷风 GU FENG
习习谷风、以阴以雨。
黾勉同心、不宜有怒。
采封采菲、无以下体。
德音莫违、及尔同死。

行道迟迟、中心有违。
不远伊迩、薄送我畿。
谁谓荼苦、其甘如荠。
宴尔新昏、如兄如弟。

泾以渭浊、湜湜其沚。
宴尔新昏、不我屑以。
毋逝我梁、毋发我笱。
我躬不阅、遑恤我後。

就其深矣、方之舟之。
就其浅矣、泳之游之。
何有何亡、黾勉求之。
凡民有丧、匍匐救之。

不我能慉、反以我为雠。
既阻我德、贾用不售。
昔育恐育鞫、及尔颠覆。
既生既育、比予于毒。

我有旨蓄、亦以御冬。
宴尔新昏、以我御穷。
有洸有溃、既诒我肄。
不念昔者、伊余来塈。

Gently blows the east wind ,
With cloudy skies and with rain .
[Husband and wife] should strive to be of the same mind ,
And not let angry feelings arise .
When we gather the mustard plant and earth melons ,
We do not reject them because of their roots .
While I do nothing contrary to my good name ,
I should live with you till our death .

I go along the road slowly , slowly ,
In my inmost heart reluctant .
Not far , only a little way ,
Did he accompany me to the threshold .
Who says that the sowthistle is bitter ?
It is as sweet as the shepherd's purse .
You feast with your new wife ,
[Loving] as brothers .

The muddiness of the King appears from the Wei ,
But its bottom may be seen about the islets .
You feast with your new wife ,
And think me not worth being with
Do not approach my dam ,
Do not move my basket .
My person is rejected ; --
What avails it to care for what may come after ?

Where the water was deep ,
I crossed it by a raft or a boat .
Where it was shallow ,
I dived or swam across it .
Whether we had plenty or not ,
I exerted myself to be getting .
When among others there was a death ,
I crawled on my knees to help them .

You cannot cherish me ,
And you even count me as an enemy .
You disdain my virtues , --
A pedlar's wares which do not sell .
Formerly , I was afraid our means might be exhausted ,
And I might come with you to destitution .
Now , when your means are abundant ,
You compare me to poison .

My fine collection of vegetables ,
Is but a provision against the winter .
Feasting with your new wife ,
You think of me as a provision [only] against your poverty .
Cavalierly and angrily you treat me ;
You give me only pain .
You do not think of the former days ,
And are only angry with me .


36. 式微 SHI WEI
式微式微、胡不归。
微君之故、胡为乎中露。

式微式微、胡不归。
微君之躬、胡为乎泥中。

Reduced ! Reduced !
Why not return ?
If it were not for your sake , O prince ,
How should we be thus exposed to the dew ?

Reduced ! Reduced !
Why not return ?
If it were not for your person , O prince ,
How should we be here in the mire ?


37. 旄丘 MAO QIU
旄丘之葛兮、何诞之节兮。
叔兮伯兮、何多日也。

何其处也、必有与也。
何其久也、必有以也。

狐裘蒙戎、匪车不东。
叔兮伯兮、靡所与同。

琐兮尾兮、流离之子。
叔兮伯兮、褎如充耳。

The dolichos on that high and sloping mound ; --
How wide apart are [now] its joints !
O ye uncles ,
Why have ye delayed these many days ?

Why do they rest without stirring ?
It must be they expect allies .
Why do they prolong the time ?
There must be a reason for their conduct .

Our fox-furs are frayed and worn .
Came our carriages not eastwards ?
O ye uncles ,
You do not sympathize with us .

Fragments , and a remnant ,
Children of dispersion [are we] !
O ye uncles ,
Notwithstanding your full robes , your ears are stopped .


38. 简兮 JIAN XI
简兮简兮、方将万舞。
日之方中、在前上处。

硕人俣俣、公庭万舞。
有力如虎、执辔如组。

左手执龠、右手秉翟。
赫如渥赭、公言锡爵。

山有榛、隰有苓。
云谁之思、西方美人。
彼美人兮、西方之人兮。

Easy and indifferent ! easy and indifferent !
I am ready to perform in all dances ,
Then when the sun is in the meridian ,
There in that conspicious place .

With my large figure ,
I dance in the ducal courtyard .
I am strong [also] as a tiger ;
The reins are in my grasp like ribbons .

In my left hand I grasp a flute ;
In my right I hold a pheasant's feather .
I am red as if I were rouged ;
The duke gives me a cup [of spirits] .

The hazel grows on the hills ,
And the liquorice in the marshes .
Of whom are my thoughts ?
Of the fine men of the west .
O those fine men !
Those men of the west !


39. 泉水 QUAN SHUI
毖彼泉水、亦流于淇。
有怀于卫、靡日不思。
娈彼诸姬、聊与之谋。

出宿于泲、饮饯于祢。
女子有行、远父母兄弟。
问我诸姑、遂及伯姊。

出宿于干、饮饯于言。
载脂载牵、还车言迈。
遄臻于卫、不瑕有害。

我思肥泉、兹之永叹。
思须与漕、我心悠悠。
驾言出游、以写我忧。

How the water bubbles up from that spring ,
And flows away to the Qi !
My heart is in Wei ;
There is not a day I do not think of it .
Admirable are those , my cousins ;
I will take counsel with them .

When I came forth , I lodged in Ji ,
And we drank the cup of convoy at Ni .
When a young lady goes [to be married] ,
She leaves her parents and brothers ;
[But] I would ask for my aunts ,
And then for my elder sister .

I will go forth and lodge in Gan,
And we drink the cup of convoy at Yan .
I will grease the axle and fix the pin ,
And the returning chariot will proceed .
Quickly shall we arrive in Wei ; --
But would not this be wrong ?

I think of the Feiquan ,
I am ever sighing about it .
I think of Xu and Cao ,
Long , long , my heart dwells with them .
Let me drive forth and travel there ,
To dissipate my sorrow .


40. 北门 BEI MEN
出自北门、忧心殷殷。
终窭且贫、莫知我艰。
已焉哉、天实为之、谓之何哉。

王事适我、政事一埤益我。
我入自外、室人交遍谪我。
已焉哉、天实为之、谓之何哉。

王事敦我、政事一埤遗我。
我入自外、室人交遍摧我。
已焉哉、天实为之、谓之何哉。

I go out at the north gate ,
With my heart full of sorrow .
Straitened am I and poor ,
And no one takes knowledge of my distress .
So it is !
Heaven has done it ; --
What then shall I say ?

The king's business comes on me ,
And the affairs of our government in increasing measure .
When I come home from abroad ,
The members of my family all emulously reproach me .
So it is !
Heaven has done it ; --
What then shall I say ?

The king's business is thrown on me ,
And the affairs of our government are left to me more and more.
When I come home from abroad ,
The members of my family all emulously thrust at me .
So it is !
Heaven has done it ; --
What then shall I say ?


41. 北风 BEI FENG
北风其凉、雨雪其雱。
惠而好我、携手同行。
其虚其邪、既亟只且。

北风其喈、雨雪其霏。
惠而好我、携手同归。
其虚其邪、既亟只且。

莫赤匪狐、莫黑匪乌。
惠而好我、携手同车。
其虚其邪、既亟只且。

Cold blows the north wind ;
Thick falls the snow .
Ye who love and regard me ,
Let us join hands and go together .
Is it a time for delay ?
The urgency is extreme !

The north wind whistles ;
The snow falls and drifts about .
Ye who love and regard me ,
Let us join hands , and go away for ever .
Is it a time for delay ?
The urgency is extreme !

Nothing red is seen but foxes ,
Nothing black but crows .
Ye who love and regard me ,
Let us join hands , and go together in our carriages .
Is it a time for delay ?
The urgency is extreme !


42. 静女 JING NU
静女其姝、俟我於城隅。
爱而不见、搔首踟蹰。

静女其娈、贻我彤管。
彤管有炜、说怿女美。

自牧归荑、洵美且异。
匪女以为美、美人之贻。

How lovely is the retiring girl !
She was to await me at a corner of the wall .
Loving and not seeing her ,
I scratch my head , and am in perplexity .

How handsome is the retiring girl !
She presented to me a red tube .
Bright is the red tube ; --
I delight in the beauty of the girl .

From the pasture lands she gave a shoet of the white grass ,
Truly elegant and rare .
It is not you , O grass , that are elegant ; --
You are the gift of an elegant girl .


43. 新台 XIN TAI
新台有沘、河水弥弥。
燕婉之求、籧篨不鲜。

新台有洒、河水浼浼。
燕婉之求、籧篨不殄。

鱼网之设、鸿则离之。
燕婉之求、得此戚施。

Fresh and bright is the New Tower ,
On the waters of the He , wide and deep .
A pleasant , genial mate she sought ,
[And has got this] vicious bloated mass !

Lofty is the New Tower ,
On the waters of the He , flowing still .
A pleasant , genial mate she sought ,
[And has got this] vicious bloated mass !

It was a fish net that was set ,
And a goose has fallen into it .
A pleasant , genial mate she sought ,
And she has got this hunchback .


44. 二子乘舟 ER ZI CHENG ZHOU
二子乘舟、泛泛其景。
愿言思子、中心养养。

二子乘舟、泛泛其逝。
愿言思子、不瑕有害。

The two youths got into their boats ,
Whose shadows floated about [on the water] .
I think longingly of them ,
And my heart is tossed about in uncertainty .

The two youths got into their boats ,
Which floated away [on the stream] .
I think longingly of them ,
Did they not come to harm ?

鄘风 (THE ODES OF YONG)
45. 柏舟 BO ZHOU
泛彼柏舟、在彼中河。
髧彼两髦、实维我仪。
之死矢靡它。
母也天只、不谅人只。

泛彼柏舟、在彼河侧。
髧彼两髦、实维我特。
之死矢靡慝。
母也天只、不谅人只。

It floats about , that boat of cypress wood ,
There in the middle of the He .
With his two tufts of hair falling over his forehead ,
He was my mate ;
And I swear that till death I will have no other .
O mother , O Heaven ,
Why will you not understand me ?

It floats about , that boat of cypress wood ,
There by the side of the He .
With his two tufts of hair falling over his forehead ,
He was my only one ;
And I swear that till death I will not do the evil thing .
O mother , O Heaven ,
Why will you not understand me ?


46. 墙有茨 QIANG YOU CI
墙有茨、不可埽也。
中冓之言、不可道也。
所可道也、言之丑也。

墙有茨、不可襄也。
中冓之言、不可详也。
所可详也、言之长也。

墙有茨、不可束也。
中冓之言、不可读也。
所可读也、言之辱也。

The tribulus grows on the wall ,
And cannot be brushed away .
The story of the inner chamber ,
Cannot be told .
What would have to be told ,
Would be the vilest of recitals .

The tribulus grow on the wall ,
And cannot be removed .
The story of the inner chamber ,
Cannot be particularly related .
What might be particularly related
Would be a long story .

The tribulus grow on the wall ,
And cannot be bound together , [and taken away] .
The story of the inner chamber
Cannot be recited ,
What might be recited ,
Would be the most disgraceful of things .


47. 君子偕老 JUN ZI XIE LAO
君子偕老、副笄六珈。
委委佗佗、如山如河、象服是宜。
子之不淑、云如之何。

玼兮玼兮、其之翟也。
鬒发如云、不屑 di 也。
玉之瑱也、象之揥也、扬且之皙也。
胡然而天也、胡然而帝也。

瑳兮瑳兮、其之展也。
蒙彼绉絺、是绁袢也。
子之清扬、扬且之颜也。
展如之人兮、邦之媛也。

髟+也
The husband's to their old age ,
In her headdress , and the cross-pins , with their six jewels ;
Easy and elegant in her movements ;
[Stately] as a mountain , [majestic]as a river ,
Well beseeming her pictured robes : --
[But] with your want of virtue , O lady ,
What have you to do with these things ?

How rich and splendid
Is her pleasant-figured robe !
Her black hair in masses like clouds ,
No false locks does she descend to .
There are her ear-plugs of jade ,
Her comb-pin of ivory ,
And her high forehead , so white .
She appears like a visitant from heaven !
She appears like a goddess !

How rich and splendid
Is her robe of state !
It is worn over the finest muslin of dolichos ,
The more cumbrous and warm garment being removed .
Clear are her eyes ; fine is her forehead ;
Full are her temples .
Ah ! such a woman as this !
The beauty of the country !


48. 桑中 SANG ZHONG
爰采唐矣、沬之乡矣。
云谁之思、美孟姜矣。
期我乎桑中、要我乎上宫、送我乎淇之上矣。

爰采麦矣、沬之北矣。
云谁之思、美孟弋矣。
期我乎桑中、要我乎上宫、送我乎淇之上矣 。

爰采葑矣、沬之东矣。
云谁之思、美孟庸矣。
期我乎桑中、要我乎上宫、送我乎淇之上矣。

I am going to gather the dodder ,
In the fields of Mei .
But of whom are my thoughts ?
Of that beauty , the eldest of the Jiang .
She made an appontment with me in Sangzhong ;
She will meet me in Shanggong ;
She will accompany me to Qishang.

I am going to gather the wheat,
In the north of Mei.
But of whom are my thoughts?
Of that beauty, the eldest of the Yi.
She made an appontment with me in Sangzhong;
She will meet me in Shanggong;
She will accompany me to Qishang.

I am going to gather the mustard plant,,
In the east of Mei.
But of whom are my thoughts?
Of that beauty, the eldest of the Yong.
She made an appontment with me in Sangzhong;
She will meet me in Shanggong;
She will accompany me to Qishang.


49. 鹑之奔奔 CHUN ZI BEN BEN
鹑之奔奔、鹊之强强。
人之无良、我以为兄。

鹊之强强、鹑之奔奔。
人之无良、我以为君。

Boldly faithful in their pairings are quails ;
Vigorously so are magpies .
This man is all vicious ,
And I consider him my brother !

Vigorously faithful in their pairings are magpies ;
Boldly so are quails .
This woman is all vicious ,
And I regard her as marchioness .


50. 定之方中 DING ZHI FANG ZHONG
定之方中、作于楚宫。
揆之以日、作于楚室。
树之榛栗、椅桐梓漆、爰伐琴瑟。

升彼虚矣、以望楚矣。
望楚与堂、景山与京。
降观于桑、卜云其吉、终然允臧。

灵雨既零、命彼倌人。
星言夙驾、说于桑田。
匪直也人、秉心塞渊、騋牝三千。

When [Ding] culminated [at night fall],
He began to build the palace at Chu .
Determining its aspects by means of the sun ,
He built the mansion at Chu .
He planted about it hazel and chesnut trees ,
The yi , the tong , the zi , and the varnish-tree ,
Which , when cut down , might afford materials for lutes .

He ascended those old walls ,
And thense surveyed [the site of ] Chu .
He surveyed Chu and Tang ,
With the high hills and lofty elevations about :
He descended and examined the mulberry trees ;
He then divined , and got a fortunate response ;
And thus the issue has been truly good .

When the good rain had fallen ,
He would order his groom ,
By starlight , in the morning , to yoke his carriage ,
And would then stop among the mulberry trees and fields .
But not only thus did he show what he was ; --
Maintaining in his heart a profound devotion to his duties ,
His tall horses and mares amounted to three thousand .


51. 蝃蝀 DI DONG
蝃蝀在东、莫之敢指。
女子有行、远兄弟父母。

朝隮于西、崇朝其雨。
女子有行、远兄弟父母。

乃如之人也、怀昏姻也。
大无信也、不知命也。

There is a rainbow in the east ,
And no one dares to point to it .
When a girl goes away [from her home] ,
She separates from her parents and brothers .

In the morning [a rainbow] rises in the west ,
And [only] during the morning is there rain .
When a girl goes away [from her home] ,
She separates from her brothers and parents .

This person
Has her heart only on being married .
Greatly is she untrue to herself ,
And does not recognize [the law of] her lot .


52. 相鼠 XIANG SHU
相鼠有皮、人而无仪。
人而无仪、不死何为。

相鼠有齿、人而无止。
人而无止、不死何俟。

相鼠有体、人而无礼。
人而无礼、胡不遄死。

Look at a rat , -- it has its skin ;
But a man should be without dignity of demeanour .
If a man have no dignity of demeanour ,
What should he but die ?

Look at a rat , -- it has its teeth ;
But a man shall be without any right deportment .
If a man have not right deportment ,
What should he wait for but death ?

Look at a rat , -- it has its limbs ;
But a man shall be without any rules of propriety .
If a man observe no rules of propriety ,
Why does he not quickly die ?


53. 干旄 GAN MAO
孑孑干旄、在浚之郊。
素丝纰之、良马四之。
彼姝者之、何以畀之。

孑孑干旟、在浚之都。
素丝组之、良马五之。
彼姝者之、何以予之。

孑孑干旌、在浚之城。
素丝祝之、良马六之。
彼姝者之、何以告之。

Conspiciously rise the staffs with their ox-tails ,
In the distant suburbs of Jun ,
Ornamented with the white silk bands ;
There are four carriages with their good horses ,
That admirable gentleman , --
What will he give them for [this] ?

Conspiciously rise the staffs with their falcon-banners ,
In the nearer suburbs of Jun ,
Ornamented with the white silk ribbons ;
There are four carriages with their good horses ,
That admirable gentleman , --
What will he give them for [this] ?

Conspiciously rise the staffs with their feathered streamers ,
At the walls of Jun ,
Bound with the white silk cords ;
There are six carriages with their good horses ,
That admirable gentleman , --
What will he give them for [this] ?


54. 载驰 ZAI CHI
载驰载驱、归唁卫侯。
驱马悠悠、言至于漕。
大夫跋涉、我心则忧。

既不我嘉、不能旋反。
视而不臧、我思不远。
既不我嘉、不能旋济。
视而不臧、我思不閟。

陟彼阿丘、言采其虻。
女子善怀、亦各有行。
许人尤之、众樨且狂。

我行其野、芃芃其麦。
控于大邦、谁因谁极。
大夫君子、无我有尤。
百尔所思、不如我所之。

I would have galloped my horses and whipt them ,
Returning to condole with the marquis of Wei .
I would have urged them all the long way ,
Till I arrived at Cao .
A great officer has gone , over the hills and through the rivers ;
But my heart is full of sorrow .

You disapproved of my [proposal] ,
And I cannot return to [Wei] ;
But I regard you as in the wrong ,
And cannot forget my purpose .
You disapproved of my purpose ,
But I cannot return across the streams ;
But I regard you as in the wrong ,
And cannot shut out my thoughts .

I will ascend that mound with the steep side ,
And gather the mother-of-pearl lilies .
I might, as a woman , have many thoughts ,
But every one of them was practicable .
The people of Xu blame me ,
But they are all childish and hasty [in their conclusions] .

I would have gone through the country ,
Amidst the wheat so luxuriant .
I would have carried the case before the great State .
On whom should I have relied ? Who would come [to the help of Wei] ?
Ye great officers and gentlemen ,
The hundred plans you think of
Are not equal to the course I was going to take .

卫风 (THE ODES OF WEI)
55. 淇奥 QI AO
瞻彼淇奥、绿竹猗猗。
有匪君子、如切如磋、如琢如磨。
瑟兮僩兮、赫兮咺兮。
有匪君子、终不可谖兮。

瞻彼淇奥、绿竹青青。
有匪君子、充耳琇莹、会弁如星。
瑟兮僩兮、赫兮咺兮。
有匪君子、终不可谖兮。

瞻彼淇奥、绿竹如箦。
有匪君子、如切如锡、如圭如璧。
宽兮绰兮、猗重较兮。
善戏谑兮、不为虐兮。

Look at those recesses in the banks of the Qi ,
With their green bamboos , so fresh and luxuriant !
There is our elegant and accomplished prince , --
As from the knife and the file ,
As from the chisel and the polisher !
How grave is he and dignified !
How commanding and distinguished !
Our elegant and accomplished prince , --
Never can he be forgotten !

Look at those recesses in the banks of the Qi ,
With their green bamboos , so strong and luxuriant !
There is our elegant and accomplished prince , --
With his ear-stoppers of beautiful pebbles ,
And his cap , glittering as with stars between the seams !
How grave is he and dignified !
How commanding and distinguished !
Our elegant and accomplished prince , --
Never can he be forgotten !

Look at those recesses in the banks of the Qi ,
With their green bamboos , so dense together !
There is our elegant and accomplished prince , --
[Pure] as gold and as tin ,
[Soft and rich] as a sceptre of jade !
How magnanimous is he and gentle !
There he is in his chariot with its two high sides !
Skilful is he at quips and jokes ,
But how does he keep from rudeness from them !


56. 考盘 KAO PAN
考盘在涧、硕人之宽。
独寐寤言、永矢弗谖。

考盘在阿、硕人之薖。
独寐寤歌、永矢弗过。

考盘在陆、硕人之轴。
独寐寤宿、永矢弗告。

He has reared his hut by the stream in the valley ,
-- That large man , so much at his ease .
Alone he sleeps , and wakes , and talks .
He swears he will never forgets [his true joy] .

He has reared his hut in the bend of the mound ,
-- That large man , with such an air of indifference .
Alone he sleeps , and wakes , and sings .
He swears he will never pass from the spot .

He has reared his hut on the level height ,
-- That large man , so self-collected .
Alone , he sleeps and wakes , and sleeps again .
He swears he will never tell [of his delight] .


57. 硕人 SHUO REN
硕人其颀、衣锦褧衣。
齐侯之子、卫侯之妻、东宫之妹、邢侯之姨、谭公维私。

手如柔荑。
肤如凝脂。
领如蝤蛴。
领如蝤蛴。
齿如瓠犀。
螓首蛾眉。
巧笑倩兮。
美目盼兮。

硕人敖敖、说于农郊。
四牡有骄、朱幩镳镳、翟茀以朝。
大夫夙退、无使君劳。

河水洋洋、北流活活。
施罛瀖瀖、鱣鲔发发、葭菼揭揭。
庶姜孽孽、庶士有朅。

Large was she and tall ,
In her embroidered robe , with a [plain] single garment over it : --
The daughter of the marquis of Qi .
The wife of the marquis of Wei ,
The sister of the heir-son of Tong
The sister-in-law of the marquis of Xing ,
The viscount of Tan also her brother-in-law .

Her fingers were like the blades of the young white-grass ;
Her skin was like congealed ointment ;
Her neck was like the tree-grub ;
Her teeth were like melon seeds ;
Her forehead cicada-like ; her eyebrows like [the antenne of] the silkworm moth ;
What dimples , as she artfully smiled !
How lovely her eyes , with the black and white so well defined !

Large was she and tall ,
When she halted in the cultivated suburbs .
Strong looked her four horses ,
With the red ornaments so rich about their bits .
Thus in her carriage , with its screens of pheasant feathers ,
she proceeded to our court .
Early retire , ye great officers ,
And do not make the marquis fatiqued !

The waters of the He , wide and deep ,
Flow northwards in majestic course .
The nets are dropt into them with a plashing sound ,
Among shoals of sturgeon , large and small ,
While the rushes and sedges are rank about .
Splendidly adorned were her sister ladies ;
Martial looked the attendant officers .


58. 氓 MANG
氓之蚩蚩、抱布贸丝。
匪来贸丝、来即我谋。
送子涉淇、至于顿丘。
匪来愆期、子无良媒。
将子无怒、秋以为期。

乘彼垝垣、以望复关。
不见复关、泣涕涟涟。
既见复关、载笑载言。
尔卜尔筮、体无咎言。
以尔车来、以我贿迁。

桑之未落、其叶沃若。
于嗟鸠兮、无食桑葚。
于嗟女兮、无与士耽。
士之耽兮、犹可说也、
女之耽兮、 不可说也。

桑之落矣、其黄而陨。
自我徂尔、三岁食贫。
淇水汤汤、渐车帷裳。
女也不爽、士贰其行。
士也罔极、二三其德。

三岁为妇、靡室劳矣。
夙兴夜寐、靡有朝矣。
言既遂矣、至于暴矣。
兄弟不知、咥其笑矣。
静言思之、躬自悼矣。

及尔偕老、老使我怨。
淇则有岸、隰则有泮。
总角之宴、言笑晏晏。
信膂旦旦、不思其反。
反是不思、亦已焉哉。

A simple-looking lad you were ,
Carrying cloth to exchange it for silk .
[But] you came not so to purchase silk ; --
You came to make proposals to me .
I convoyed you through the Qi ,
As far as Dunqiu .
' It is not I , ' [I said] , ' who would protract the time ;
But you have had no good go-between .
I pray you be not angry ,
And let autumn be the time . '

I ascended that ruinous wall ,
To look towards Fuguan ;
And when I saw [you] not [coming from] it ;
My tears flowed in streams .
When I did see [you coming from] Fuquan ,
I laughed and I spoke .
You had consulted , [you said] , the tortoise-shell and the reeds ,
And there was nothing unfavourable in their response .
' Then come , ' [I said] , ' with your carriage ,
And I will remove with my goods .

Before the mulberry tree has shed its leaves ,
How rich and glossy are they !
Ah ! thou dove ,
Eat not its fruit [to excess] .
Ah ! thou young lady ,
Seek no licentious pleasure with a gentleman .
When a gentleman indulges in such pleasure ,
Something may still be said for him ;
When a lady does so ,
Nothing can be said for her .

When the mulberry tree sheds its leaves ,
They fall yellow on the ground .
Since I went with you ,
Three years have I eaten of your poverty ;
And [now] the full waters of the Qi ,
Wet the curtains of my carriage .
There has been no difference in me ,
But you have been double in your ways .
It is you , Sir , who transgress the right ,
Thus changeable in your conduct .

For three years I was your wife ,
And thought nothing of my toil in your house .
I rose early and went to sleep late ,
Not intermitting my labours for a morning .
Thus [on my part] our contract was fulfilled ,
But you have behaved thus cruelly .
My brothers will not know [all this] ,
And will only laugh at me .
Silently I think of it ,
And bemoan myself .

I was to grow old with you ; --
Old , you give me cause for sad repining .
The Qi has its banks ,
And the marsh has its shores .
In the pleasant time of my girlhood ,
with my hair simply gathered in a knot ,
Harmoniously we talked and laughed .
Clearly were we sworn to good faith ,
And I did not think the engagement would be broken .
That it would be broken I did not think ,
And now it must be all over !


59. 竹竿 ZHU GAN
藋藋竹竿、以钓于淇。
岂不尔思、远莫致之。

泉源在左、淇水在右。
女子有行、远兄弟父母。

淇水在右、泉源在左。
巧笑之瑎、佩玉之傩。

淇水浟浟、桧楫松舟。
驾言出游、以写我忧。

With your long and tapering bamboo rods ,
You angle in the Qi .
Do I not think of you ?
But I am far away , and cannot get you .

The Quanyuan is on the left ,
And the waters of the Qi are on the right .
But when a young lady goes away , [and is married] ,
She leaves her brothers and parents .

The waters of the Qi are on the right
And the Quanyuan is on the left .
How shine the white teeth through the artful smiles !
How the girdle gems move to the measured steps !

The waters of the Qi flow smoothly ;
There are the oars of cedar and boats of pine .
Might I but go there in my carriage and ramble ,
To dissipate my sorrow !


60. 芄兰 WAN LAN
芄兰之支、童子佩觿。
虽则佩觿、能不我知。
容兮遂兮、垂带悸兮。

芄兰之叶、童子佩韘。
虽则佩韘、能不我甲。
容兮遂兮、垂带悸兮。

There are the branches of the sparrow-gourd ; --
There is that lad , with the spike at his girdle .
Though he carries a spike at his girdle ,
He does not know us .
How easy and conceited is his manner ,
With the ends of his girdle hanging down as they do !

There are the leaves of the sparrow-gourd ; --
There is that lad with the archer's thimble at his girdle .
Though he carries an archer's thimble at his girdle ,
He is not superior to us .
How easy and conceited is his manner ,
With the ends of his girdle hanging down as they do !


61. 河广 HE GUANG
谁谓河广、一苇杭之。
谁谓宋远、跂予望之。

谁谓河广、曾不容刀。
谁谓宋远、曾不崇朝。

Who says that the He is wide ?
With [a bundle of] reeds I can cross it .
Who says that Song is distant ?
On tiptoe I can see it .

Who says that the He is wide ?
It will not admit a little boat .
Who says that Song is distant ?
It would not take a whole morning to reach it .


62. 伯兮 BO XI
伯兮朅兮、邦之桀兮。
伯也执殳、为王前驱。

自伯之东、首如飞蓬。
岂无膏沐、谁适为容。

其雨其雨、杲杲出日。
愿言思伯、甘心首疾。

焉得谖草、言树之背。
愿言思伯、使我心痗。

My noble husband is now martial-like !
The hero of the country !
My husband , grasping his halberd ,
Is in the leading chariot of the king's [host] .

Since my husband went to the east ,
My head has been like the flying [pappus of the] artemisia .
It is not that I could not anoint and wash it ;
But for whom should I adorn myself ?

O for rain ! O for rain !
But brightly the sun comes forth .
Longingly I think of my husband ,
Till my heart is weary , and my head aches .

How shall I get the plant of forgetfulness ?
I would plant it on the north of my house .
Longingly I think of my husband ,
And my heart is made to ache .


63. 有狐 YOU HU
有狐绥绥、在彼淇梁。
心之忧矣、之子无裳。

有狐绥绥、在彼淇厉。
心之忧矣、之子无带。

有狐绥绥、在彼淇侧。
心之忧矣、之子无服。

There is a fox , solitary and suspicious ,
At that dam over the Qi .
My heart is sad ; --
That man has no lower garment .

There is a fox , solitary and suspicious ,
At that deep ford of the Qi .
My heart is sad ; --
That man has no girdle .

There is a fox , solitary and suspicious ,
By the side there of the Qi .
My heart is sad ; --
That man has no clothes .


64. 木瓜 MU GUA
投我以木瓜、报之以琼琚。
匪报也、永以为好也。

投我以木桃、报之以琼瑶。
匪报也、永以为好也。

投我以木李、报之以琼玖。
匪报也、永以为好也。

There was presented to me a papaya ,
And I returned for it a beautiful Ju-gem ;
Not as a return for it ,
But that our friendship might be lasting .

There was presented to me a peach ,
And I returned for it a beautiful Yao-gem ;
Not as a return for it ,
But that our friendship might be lasting .

There was presented to me a plum ,
And I returned for it a beautiful Jiu-gem ;
Not as a return for it ,
But that our friendship might be lasting .

王风 (THE ODES OF WANG)
65. 黍离 SHU LI
彼黍离离、彼稷之苗。
行迈靡靡、中心摇摇。
知我者、谓我心忧、不知我者、谓我何求。
悠悠苍天、此何人哉。

彼黍离离、彼稷之穗。
行迈靡靡、中心如醉。
知我者、谓我心忧、不知我者、谓我何求。
悠悠苍天、此何人哉。

彼黍离离、彼稷之实。
行迈靡靡、中心如噎。
知我者、谓我心忧、不知我者、谓我何求。
悠悠苍天、此何人哉。

There was the millet with its drooping heads ;
There was the sacrificial millet into blade .
Slowly I moved about ,
In my heart all-agitated .
Those who knew me ,
Said I was sad at heart .
Those who did not know me ,
Said I was seeking for something .
O distant and azure Heaven !
By what man was this [brought about] ?

There was the millet with its drooping heads ;
There was the sacrificial millet in the ear .
Slowly I moved about ,
My heart intoxicated , as it were , [with grief] .
Those who knew me ,
Said I was sad at heart .
Those who did not know me ,
Said I was seeking for something .
O thou distant and azure Heaven !
By what man was this [brought about] ?

There was the millet with its drooping heads ;
There was the sacrificial millet in grain .
Slowly I moved about ,
As if there were a stoppage at my heart .
Those who knew me ,
Said I was sad at heart .
Those who did not know me ,
Said I was seeking for something .
O thou distant and azure Heaven !
By what man was this [brought about] ?


66. 君子于役 JUN ZI YU YI
君子于役、不知其期、曷至哉。
鸡栖于埘、日之夕矣、羊牛下来。
君子于役、如之何勿思。

君子于役、不日不月、曷其有佸。
鸡栖于桀、日之夕矣、羊牛下括。
君子于役、苟无饥渴。

My husband is away on service ,
And I know not when he will return .
Where is he now ?
The fowls roost in their holes in the walls ;
And in the evening of the day ,
The goats and cows come down [from the hill] ;
But my husband is away on service .
How can I but keep thinking of him ?

My husband is away on service ,
Not for days [merely] or for months .
When will he come back to me ?
The fowls roost on their perches ;
And in the evening of the day ,
The goats and cows come down down and home ;
But my husband is away on service .
Oh if he be but kept from hunger and thirst !


67. 君子阳阳 JUN ZI YANG YANG
君子阳阳、左执簧、右招我由房。
其乐只且。

君子陶陶、左执翿、右招我由敖。
其乐只且。

My husband looks full of satisfaction .
In his left hand he holds his reed-organ ,
And with his right he calls me to the room .
Oh the joy !

My husband looks delighted .
In his left hand he holds his screen of feathers ,
And with his right he calls me to the stage .
Oh the joy !


68. 扬之水 YANG ZHI SHUI
扬之水、不流束薪。
彼其之子、不与我戍申。
怀哉怀哉、曷月予还归哉。

扬之水、不流束楚。
彼其之子、不与我戍甫。
怀哉怀哉、曷月予还归哉。

扬之水、不流束蒲。
彼其之子、不与我戍许。
怀哉怀哉、曷月予还归哉。

The fretted waters ,
Do not carry on their current a bundle of firewood !
Those , the members of our families ,
Are not with us here guarding Shen .
How we think of them ! How we think of them !
What month shall we return home ?

The fretted waters ,
Do not carry on their current a bundle of thorns !
Those , the members of our families ,
Are not with us here guarding Pu .
How we think of them ! How we think of them !
What month shall we return ?

The fretted waters ,
Do not carry on their current a bundle of osiers !
Those , the members of our families ,
Are not with us here guarding Xu .
How we think of them ! How we think of them !
What month shall we return ?


69. 中谷有蓷 ZHONG GU
中谷有蓷、暵其乾矣。
有女仳离、慨其叹矣。
慨其叹矣、遇人之艰难矣。

中谷有蓷、暵其修矣。
有女仳离、条其啸矣。
慨其啸矣、遇人之不淑矣。

中谷有蓷、暵其湿矣。
有女仳离、啜其泣矣。
啜其泣矣、嗟何及矣。

In the valleys grows the mother-wort ,
But scorched is it in the drier places .
There is a woman forced to leave her husband ;
Sadly she sighs !
Sadly she sighs !
She suffers from his hard lot .

In the valleys grows the mother-wort ,
But scorched is it where it had become long .
There is a woman forced to leave her husband ;
Long-drawn are her groanings !
Long-drawn are her groanings !
She suffers from his misfortune .

In the valleys grows the mother-wort ,
But scorched is it even in the moist places .
There is a woman forced to leave her husband ;
Ever flow her tears !
Ever flow her tears !
But of what avail is her lament ?


70. 兔爰 TU YUAN
有兔爰爰、雉离于罗。
我生之初、尚无为。
我生之後、逢此百罹。
尚寐无吪。

有兔爰爰、雉离于罦。
我生之初、尚无造。
我生之後、逢此百忧。
尚寐无觉。

有兔爰爰、雉离于罿。
我生之初、尚无庸。
我生之後、逢此百凶。
尚寐无聪。

The hare is slow and cautious ;
The pheasant plumps into the net .
In the early part of my life ,
Time still passed without commotion .
In the subsequent part of it ,
We are meeting with all these evils .
I wish I might sleep and never move more .

The hare is slow and cautious ;
The pheasant plumps into the snare .
In the early part of my life ,
Time still passed without anything stirring .
In the subsequent part of it ,
We are meeting with all these sorrows .
I wish I might sleep and never move more .

The hare is slow and cautious ;
The pheasant plumps into the trap .
In the early part of my life ,
Time still passed without any call for our services .
In the subsequent part of it ,
We are meeting with all these miseries .
I would that I might sleep , and hear of nothing more .


71. 葛藟 GE LEI
绵绵葛藟、在河之浒。
终远兄弟、谓他人父。
谓他人父、亦莫我顾。

绵绵葛藟、在河之涘。
终远兄弟、谓他人母。
谓他人母、亦莫我有。

绵绵葛藟、在河之漘。
终远兄弟、谓他人昆。
谓他人昆、亦莫我闻。

Thickly they spread about , the dolichos creepers ,
On the borders of the He .
For ever separated from my brothers ,
I call a stranger father .
I call a stranger father ,
But he will not look at me .

Thickly they spread about , the dolichos creepers ,
On the banks of the He .
For ever separated from my brothers ,
I call a stranger mother .
I call a stranger mother ,
But she will not recognize me .

Thickly they spread about , the dolichos creepers ,
On the lips of the He .
For ever separated from my brothers ,
I call a stranger elder-brother .
I call a stranger elder-brother ,
But he will not listen to me .


72. 采葛 CAI GE
彼采葛兮。
一日不见、如三月兮。

彼采萧兮。
一日不见、如三秋兮。

彼采艾兮。
一日不见、如三岁兮。

There he is gathering the dolichos !
A day without seeing him ,
Is like three months !

There he is gathering the oxtail-southern-wood !
A day without seeing him ,
Is like three seasons !

There he is gathering the mugwort !
A day without seeing him ,
Is like three years !


73. 大车 DA CHE
大车槛槛、毳衣如菼。
岂不尔思、畏子不敢。

大车啍啍、毳衣如璊。
岂不尔思、畏子不奔。

谷则异室、死则同穴。
谓予不信、有如皦日。

His great carriage rumbles along ,
And his robes of rank glitter like the young sedge .
Do I not think of you ?
But I am afraid of this officer , and dare not .

His great carriage moves heavily and slowly ,
And his robes of rank glitter like a carnation-gem .
Do I not think of you ?
But I am afraid of this officer , and do not rush to you.

While living , we may have to occupy different apartments ;
But when dead , we shall share the same grave .
If you say that I am not sincere ,
By the bright sun I swear that I am .


74. 丘中有麻 QIU ZHONG YOU MA
丘中有麻、彼留子嗟。
彼留子嗟、将其来施施。

丘中有麦、彼留子国。
彼留子国、将其来食。

丘中有李、彼留之子。
彼留之子、贻我佩玖。

On the mound where is the hemp ,
Some one is detaining Zijie .
Some one is there detaining Zijie ; --
Would that he would come jauntily [to me] !

On the mound where is the wheat ,
Some one is detaining Ziguo .
Some one is there detaining Ziguo ; --
Would that he would come and eat with me !

On the mound where are the plum trees ,
Some one is detaining those youths .
Some one is there detaining those youths ; --
They will give me Jiu-stones for my girdle .

郑风 (THE ODES OF ZHENG)
75. 缁衣 ZI YI
缁衣之宜兮、敝、予又改为兮。
适子之馆兮、还、予授子之粲兮。

缁衣之好兮、敝、予又改造兮。
适子之馆兮、还、予授子之粲兮。

缁衣之蓆兮、敝、予又改作兮。
适子之馆兮、还、予授子之粲兮。

How well do the black robes befit you !
When worn out , we will make others for you .
We will go to your court ,
And when we return [from it] , we will send you a feast !

How good on you are the black robes !
When worn out , we will make others for you .
We will go to your court ,
And when we return [from it] , we will send you a feast !

How easy sit the black robes on you !
When worn out , we will make others for you .
We will go to your court ,
And when we return [from it] , we will send you a feast !


76. 将仲子 JIANG ZHONG ZI
将仲子兮、无踰我里、无折我树杞。
岂敢爱之、畏我父母。
仲可怀也、父母之言、亦可畏也。

将仲子兮、无踰我墙、无折我树桑。
岂敢爱之、畏我诸兄。
仲可怀也、诸兄之言、亦可畏也。

将仲子兮、无踰我园、无折我树檀。
岂敢爱之、畏人之多言。
仲可怀也、人之多言、亦可畏也。

I pray you , Mr. Zhong ,
Do not come leaping into my hamlet ;
Do not break my willow trees .
Do I care for them ?
But I fear my parents .
You , O Zhong , are to be loved ,
But the words of my parents ,
Are also to be feared .

I pray you , Mr. Zhong ,
Do not come leaping over my wall ;
Do not break my mulberry trees .
Do I care for them ?
But I fear the words of my brothers .
You , O Zhong , are to be loved ,
But the words of my brothers ,
Are also to be feared .

I pray you , Mr. Zhong ,
Do not come leaping into my garden ;
Do not break my sandal trees .
Do I care for them ?
But I dread the talk of people .
You , O Zhong , are to be loved ,
But the talk of people ,
Is also to be feared .


77. 叔于田 SHU YU TIAN
叔于田、巷无居人。
岂无居人、不如叔也、洵美且仁。

叔于狩、巷无饮酒。
岂无饮酒、不如叔也、洵美且好。

叔适野、巷无服马。
岂无服马、不如叔也、洵美且武。

Shu has gone hunting ;
And in the streets there are no inhabitants .
Are there indeed no inhabitants ?
[But] they are not like Shu ,
Who is truly admirable and kind .

Shu has gone to the grand chase ;
And in the streets there are none feasting .
Are there indeed none feasting ?
[But] they are not like Shu ,
Who is truly admirable and good .

Shu has gone into the country ;
And in the streets there are none driving about .
Are there indeed none driving about ?
[But] they are not like Shu ,
Who is truly admirable and martial .


78. 大叔于田 DA SHU YU TIAN
叔于田、乘乘马、执辔如组、两骖如舞。
叔在薮、火烈具举。
襢裼暴虎、献于公所。
将叔无狃、戒其伤女。

叔于田、乘乘黄、两服上襄、两骖雁行。
叔在薮、火烈具扬。
叔善射忌、又良御忌、抑磬控忌、抑纵送忌。

叔于田、乘乘鸨、两服齐首、两骖如手。
叔在薮、火烈具阜。
叔马慢忌、叔发罕忌、抑释掤忌、抑鬯弓忌。

Shu has gone hunting ,
Mounted in his chariot and four .
The reins are in his grasp like ribbons ,
While the two outside horses move [with regular steps] , as dancers do .
Shu is at the marshy ground ; --
The fire flames out all at once ,
And with bared arms he seizes a tiger ,
And presents it before the duke .
O Shu , try not [such sport] again ;
Beware of getting hurt .

Shu has gone hunting ,
Mounted in his chariot with four bay horses .
The two insides are two finest possible animals ,
And the two outsides follow them regularly as in a flying flock of wild geese .< br> Shu is at the marshy ground ; --
The fire blazes up all at once ,
A skillful archer is Shu !
A good charioteer also !
Now he gives his horse the reins ; now he brings them up ;
Now he discharges his arrows ; now he follows it .

Shu has gone hunting ,
Mounted in his chariot with four grey horses .
His two insides have their heads in a line ,
And the two outsides come after like arms .
Shu is at the marsh ; --
The fire spreads grandly all together .
His horses move slowly ;
He shoots but seldom ;
Now he lays aside his quiver ;
Now he returns his bows to his case .


79. 清人 QING REN
清人在彭、驷介旁旁、二矛重英、河上乎翱翔。

清人在消、驷介麃麃、二矛重乔、河上乎逍遥。

清人在轴、驷介陶陶、左旋右抽、中军作好。

The men of Qing are in Peng ;
The chariot with its team in mail ever moves about ;
The two spears in it , with their ornaments , rising , one above the other .
So do they roam about the He .

The men of Qing are in Xiao ;
The chariot with its team in mail looks martial ;
And the two spears in it , with their hooks , rise one above the other .
So do they saunter about by the He .

The men of Qing are in Zhou ;
The mailed team of the chariot prance proudly .
[The driver] on the left wheels it about , and [the spearman] on the right brand ishes his weapon ,
While the general in the middle looks pleased .


80. 羔裘 GAO QIU
羔裘如濡、洵直且侯。
彼其之子、舍命不渝。

羔裘豹饰、孔武有力。
彼其之子、邦之司直。

羔裘晏兮、三英粲兮。
彼其之子、邦之彦兮。

His lambs's fur is glossy ,
Truly smooth and beautiful .
That officer ,
Rests in his lot and will not change .

His lambs's fur , with its cuffs of leopard-skin .
Looks grandly martial and strong .
That officer ,
In the country will ever hold to the right .

How splendid is his lamb's fur !
How bright are its three ornaments !
That officer ,
Is the ornament of the country .


81. 遵大路 ZUN DA LU
遵大路兮、掺执子之怯兮。
无我恶兮、不寁故也。

遵大路兮、掺执子之手兮。
无我丑兮、不寁好也。

Along the highway ,
I hold you by the cuff .
Do not hate me ; --
Old intercourse should not be suddenly broken off .

Along the highway ,
I hold you by the hand .
Do not think me vile ; --
Old friendship should not hastily be broken off .


82. 女曰鸡鸣 NU YUE JI MING
女曰鸡鸣、士曰昧旦。
子兴视夜、明星有烂。
将翱将翔、弋凫与雁。

弋言加之、与子宜之。
宜言饮酒、与子偕老。
琴瑟在御、莫不静好。

知子之来之、杂佩以赠之。
知子之顺之、杂佩以问之。
知子之好之、杂佩以报之。

Says the wife , ' It is cock-crow ; '
Says the husband , ' It is grey dawn . '
' Rise , Sir , and look at the night , -- '
If the morning star be not shining .
Bestir yourself , and move about ,
To shoot the wild ducks and geese .

When your arrows and line have found them ,
I will dress them fitly for you .
When they are dressed , we will drink [together over them] ,
And I will hope to grow old with you .
Your lute in your hands ,
Will emits its quiet pleasant tones .

When I know those whose acquaintance you wish ,
I will give them off the ornaments of my girdle .
When I know those with whom you are cordial ,
I will send to them of the ornaments of my girdle .
When I know those whom you love ,
I will repay their friendship from the ornaments of my girdle .


83. 有女同车 YOU NU TONG CHE
有女同车、颜如舜华。
将翱将翔、佩玉琼琚。
彼美孟姜、洵美且都。

有女同行、颜如舜英。
将翱将翔、佩玉将将。
彼美孟姜、德音不忘。

There is the lady in the carriage [with him] ,
With the countenance like the flower of the ephermeral hedge-tree .
As they move about ,
The beautiful Ju-gems of her girdle-pendant appear .
That beautiful eldest Jiang ,
Is truly admirable and elegant .

There is the young lady walking [with him] ,
With a countenance like the ephermeral blossoms of the hedge-tree .
As they move about ,
The gems of her girdle-pendant tinkle .
Of that beautiful eldest Jiang ,
The virtuous fame is not to be forgotten .


84. 山有扶苏 SHAN YOU FU SU
山有扶苏、隰有荷华。
不见子都、乃见狂且。

山有桥松、隰有游龙。
不见子充、乃见狡童。

On the mountain is the mulberry tree ;
In the marshes is the lotus flower .
I do not see Zidu ,
But I see this mad fellow .

On the mountain is the lofty pine ;
In the marshes is the psreading water-polygonum . .
I do not see Zichong ,
But I see this artful boy .


85. 蘀兮 TUO XI
蘀兮蘀兮、风其吹女。
叔兮伯兮、倡予和女。

蘀兮蘀兮、风其漂女。
叔兮伯兮、倡予要女。

Ye withered leaves ! Ye withered leaves !
How the wind is blowing you away !
O ye uncles ,
Give us the first note , and we will join in with you .

Ye withered leaves ! Ye withered leaves !
How the wind is carrying you away !
O ye uncles ,
Give us the first note , and we will complete [the song] .


86. 狡童 JIAO TONG
彼狡童兮、不与我言兮。
维子之故、使我不能餐兮。

彼狡童兮、不与我食兮。
维子之故、使我不能息兮。

That artful boy !
He will not speak with me !
But for the sake of you , Sir ,
Shall I make myself unable to eat ?

That artful boy !
He will not eat with me !
But for the sake of you , Sir ,
Shall I make myself unable to rest ?


87. 褰裳 QIAN CHANG
子惠思我、褰裳涉溱。
子不我思、岂无他人。
狂童之狂也且。

子惠思我、褰裳涉洧。
子不我思、岂无他士。
狂童之狂也且。

If you , Sir , think kindly of me ,
I will hold up my lower garments , and cross the Zhen .
If you do not think of me ,
Is there no other person [to do so] ?
You , foolish , foolish fellow !

If you , Sir , think kindly of me ,
I will hold up my lower garments , and cross the Wei .
If you do not think of me ,
Is there no other gentleman [to do so] ?
You , foolish , foolish fellow !


88. 丰 FENG
子之丰兮、俟我乎巷兮。
悔予不送兮。

子之昌兮、俟我乎堂兮。
悔予不将兮。

衣锦褧裳、裳锦褧裳。
叔兮伯兮、驾予与行。

裳锦褧裳、衣锦褧衣。
叔兮伯兮、驾予与归。

Full and good looking was the gentleman ,
Who waited for me in the lane !
I repent that I did not go with him .

A splendid gentleman was he ,
Who waited for me in the hall !
I regret that I did not accompany him .

Over my embroidered upper robe , I have put on a [plain] single garment ;
Over my embroidered lower robe , I have done the same .
O Sir , O Sir ,
Have your carriage ready to take me home with you .

Over my embroidered lower robe , I have put on a [plain] single garment ;
Over my embroidered upper robe , I have done the same .
O Sir , O Sir ,
Have your carriage ready to take me home with you .


89. 东门之墠 DONG MEN ZHI SHAN
东门之墠、茹藘在阪。
其室则迩、其人甚远。

东门之栗、有践家室。
岂不尔思、子不我即。

Near the level ground at the east gate ,
Is the madder plant on the bank .
The house is near there ,
But the man is very far away .

By the chestnut trees at the east gate ,
Is a row of houses .
Do I not think of you ?
But you do not come to me .


90. 风雨 FENG YU
风雨凄凄、鸡鸣喈喈。
既见君子、云胡不夷。

风雨潇潇、鸡鸣胶胶。
既见君子、云胡不瘳。

风雨如晦、鸡鸣不已。
既见君子、云胡不喜。

Cold are the wind and the rain ,
And shrilly crows the cock .
But I have seen my husband ,
And should I but feel at rest ?

The wind whistles and the rain patters ,
While loudly crows the cock .
But I have seen my husband ,
And could my ailment but be cured ?

Through the wind and rain all looks dark ,
And the cock crows without ceasing .
But I have seen my husband ,
And how should I not rejoice ?


91. 子衿 ZI JIN
青青子衿、悠悠我心。
纵我不往、子宁不嗣音。

青青子佩、悠悠我思。
纵我不往、子宁不来。

挑兮达兮、在城阙兮。
一日不见、如三月兮。

O you , with the blue collar ,
Prolonged is the anxiety of my heart .
Although I do not go [to you] ,
Why do you not continue your messages [to me] ?

O you with the blue [strings to your] girdle-gems ,
Long , long do I think of you .
Although I do not go [to you] ,
Why do you not come [to me] ?

How volatile are you and dissipated ,
By the look-out tower on the wall !
One day without the sight of you ,
Is like three months .


92. 扬之水 YANG ZHI SHUI
扬之水、不流束楚。
终鲜兄弟、维予与女。
无信人之言、人实迋女。

扬之水、不流束薪。
终鲜兄弟、维予二人。
无信人之言、人实不信。

The fretted waters ,
Do not carry on their current a bundle of thorns .
Few are our brethren ;
There are only I and you .
Do not believe what people say ;
They are deceiving you .

The fretted waters ,
Do not carry on their current a bundle of firewood .
Few are our brethren ;
There are only we two .
Do not believe what people say ;
They are not to be trusted .


93. 出其东门 CHU QI DONG MEN
出其东门、有女如云。
虽则如云、匪我思存。
缟衣綦巾、聊乐我员。

出其闉闍、有女如荼。
虽则如荼、匪我思且。
缟衣茹藘、聊可与娱。

I went out at the east gate ,
Where the girls were in clouds .
Although they are like clouds ,
It is not on them that my thoughts rest .
She in the thin white silk , and the grey coiffure , --
She is my joy !

I went out by the tower on the covering wall ,
Where the girls were like flowering rushes .
Although they are like flowering rushes ,
It is not of them that I think .
She in the thin white silk , and the madder-[dyed coiffure] , --
It is she that makes me happy !


94. 野有蔓草 YE YOU MAN CAO
野有蔓草、零露漙兮。
有美一人、清扬婉兮。
邂逅相遇、适我愿兮。

野有蔓草、零露瀼瀼。
有美一人、婉如清扬。
邂逅相遇、与子偕臧。

On the moor is the creeping grass ,
And how heavily is it loaded with dew !
There was a beautiful man ,
Lovely , with clear eyes and fine forehead !
We met together accidentally ,
And so my desire was satisfied .

On the moor is the creeping grass ,
Heavily covered with dew !
There was a beautiful man ,
Lovely , with clear eyes and fine forehead !
We met together accidentally ,
And he and I were happy together .


95. 溱洧 QIN WEI
溱与洧、方涣涣兮。
士与女、方秉兰兮。
女曰观乎。
士曰既且。
且往观乎。
洧之外、洵訏且乐。
维士与女、伊其相谑、赠之以勺药。

溱与洧、浏其清矣。
士与女、殷其盈兮。
女曰观乎。
士曰既且。
且往观乎。
洧之外、洵訏且乐。
维士与女、伊其将谑、赠之以勺药。

The Qin and Wei ,
Now present their broad sheets of water .
Ladies and gentlemen ,
Are carrying flowers of valerian .
A lady says , ' Have you been to see ? '
A gentleman replies , ' I have been . '
' But let us go again to see.
Beyond the Wei ,
The ground is large and fit for pleasure . '
So the gentlemen and ladies .
Make sport together ,
Presenting one another with small peonies .

The Qin and Wei ,
Show their deep , clear streams .
Gentlemen and ladies ,
Appear in crowds .
A lady says , ' Have you been to see ? '
A gentleman replies , ' I have been . '
' But let us go again to see.
Beyond the Wei ,
The ground is large and fit for pleasure . '
So the gentlemen and ladies .
Make sport together ,
Presenting one another with small peonies .

齐风 (THE ODES OF QI)
96. 鸡鸣 JI MING
鸡既鸣矣、朝既盈矣。
匪鸡则鸣、苍蝇之声。

东方明矣、朝既昌矣。
匪东方则明、月出之光。

虫飞薨薨、甘与子同梦。
会且归矣、无庶予子憎。

' The cock has crowed ;
The court is full . '
But it was not the cock that was crowing ; --
It was the sound of the blue flies .

' The east is bright ;
The court is crowded . '
But it was not the east that was bright ; --
It was the light of the moon coming forth .

' The insects are flying in buzzing crowds ;
It would be sweet to lie by you and dream . '
But the assembled officers will be going home ; --
Let them not hate both me and you . '


97. 还 XUAN
子之还兮、遭我乎峱之间兮。
并驱从两肩兮、揖我谓我儇兮。

子之茂兮、遭我乎峱之道兮。
并驱从两牡兮、揖我谓我好兮。

子之昌兮、遭我乎峱之阳兮。
并驱从两狼兮、揖我谓我臧兮。

How agile you are !
You met me in the neighbourhood of Nao ,
And we pursued together tow boars of three years .
You bowed to me , and said that I was active .

How admirable your skill !
You met me in the way to Nao ,
And we drove together after two males .
You bowed to me , and said that I was skilful .

How complete your art !
You met me on the south of Nao ,
And we pursued together two wolves .
You bowed to me , and said that I was dexterous .


98. 着 ZHU
俟我於着乎而、充耳以素乎而、尚之以琼华乎而。

俟我於庭乎而、充耳以青乎而、尚之以琼莹乎而。

俟我於堂乎而、充耳以黄乎而、尚之以琼英乎而。

He was waiting for me between the door and the screen .
The strings of his ear-stoppers were of white silk ,
And there were appended to them beautiful Hua-stones .

He was waiting for me in the open court .
The strings of his ear-stoppers were of green silk ,
And there were appended to them beautiful Ying-stones .

He was waiting for me in the hall .
The strings of his ear-stoppers were of yellow silk ,
And there were appended to them beautiful Ying-stones .


99. 东方之日 DONG FANG ZHI RI
东方之日兮。
彼姝者子、在我室兮。
在我室兮、履我即兮。

东方之月兮。
彼姝者子、在我闼兮。
在我闼兮、履我发兮。

The sun is in the east ,
And that lovely girl ,
Is in my chamber .
She is in my chamber ;
She treads in my footsteps , and comes to me .

The moon is in the east ,
And that lovely girl ,
Is inside my door .
She is inside my door ;
She treads in my footsteps , and hastens away .


100. 东方未明 DONG FANG WEI MING
东方未明、颠倒衣裳。
颠之倒之、自公召之。

东方未曦、颠倒裳衣。
倒之颠之、自公令之。

折柳樊圃、狂夫瞿瞿。
不能辰夜、不夙则莫。

Before the east was bright ,
I was putting on my clothes upside down ;
I was putting them on upside down ,
And there was one from the court calling me .

Before there was a streak of dawn in the east ,
I was putting on my clothes upside down ;
I was putting them on upside down ,
And there was one from the court with orders for me .

You fence your garden with branches of willow ,
And the reckless fellows stand in awe .
He , [however] , cannot fix the time of night ;
If he be not too early , he is sure to be late .


101. 南山 NAN SHAN
南山崔崔、雄狐绥绥。
鲁道有荡、齐子由归。
既曰归止、曷又怀止。

葛屦五两、冠緌双止。
鲁道有荡、齐子庸止。
既曰庸止、曷又从止。

蓺麻如之何、衡从其亩。
取妻如之何、必告父母。
既曰告止、曷又鞠止。

析薪如之何、匪斧不克。
取妻如之何、匪媒不得。
既曰得止、曷又极止。

High and large is the south hill ,
And a male fox is on it , solitary and suspicious .
The way to Lu is easy and plain ,
And the daughter of Qi went by it to her husband's .
Since she went to her husband's ,
Why do you further think of her ?

The five kinds of dolichos shoes are [made] in pairs ,
And the string-ends of a cap are made to match ;
The way to Lu is easy and plain ,
And the daughter of Qi travelled it .
Since she travelled it ,
Why do you still follow her ?

How do we proceed in planting hemp ?
The acres must be dressed lengthwise and crosswise .
How do we proceed in taking a wife ?
Announcement must first be made to our parents .
Since such announcement was made ,
Why do you still indulge her desires ?

How do we proceed in splitting firewood ?
Without an axe it cannot be done .
How do we proceed in taking a wife ?
Without a go-between it cannot be done .
Since this was done ,
Why do you still allow her to go to this extreme ?


102. 甫田 FU TIAN
无田甫田、维莠骄骄。
无思远人、劳心忉忉。

无田甫田、维莠桀桀。
无思远人、劳心怛怛。

婉兮娈兮、总角丱兮。
未几见兮、突而弁兮。

Do not try to cultivate fields too large ; --
The weeds will only grow luxuriantly .
Do not think of winning people far away ; --
Your toiling heart will be grieved .

Do not try to cultivate fields too large ; --
The weeds will only grow proudly .
Do not think of winning people far away ; --
Your toiling heart will be distressed .

How young and tender ,
Is the child with his two tufts of hair !
When you see him after not a long time ,
Lo ! he is wearing the cap !


103. 卢令 LU LING
卢令令、其人美且仁。

卢重环、其人美且鬈。

卢重鋂、其人美且偲。

Ling-ling go the hounds ; --
Their master is admirable and kind .

There go the hounds with their double rings ; --
Their master is admirable and good .

There go the hounds with their triple rings ; --
Their master is admirable and able .


104. 敝笱 BI GOU
敝笱在梁、其鱼鲂鳏。
齐子归止、其从如云。

敝笱在梁、其鱼鲂鱮。
齐子归止、其从如雨。

敝笱在梁、其鱼唯唯。
齐子归止、其从如水。

Worn out is the basket at the dam ,
And the fishes are the bream and the Guan ,
The daughter of Qi has returned ,
With a cloud of attendants .

Worn out is the basket at the dam ,
And the fishes are the bream and the tench ,
The daughter of Qi has returned ,
With a shower of attendants .

Worn out is the basket at the dam ,
And the fishes go in and out freely ,
The daughter of Qi has returned ,
With a stream of attendants .


105. 载驱 ZAI QU
载驱薄薄、簟茀朱鞹。
鲁道有荡、齐子发夕。

四骊济济、垂辔濔濔。
鲁道有荡、齐子岂弟。

汶水汤汤、行人彭彭。
鲁道有荡、齐子翱翔。

汶水滔滔、行人儦儦。
鲁道有荡、齐子游遨。

She urges on her chariot rapidly ,
With its screen of bamboos woven in squares , and its vermilion coloured leather .
The way from Lu is easy and plain ,
And the daughter of Qi's started on it in the evening .

Her four black horses are beautiful ,
And soft look their reins as they hang .
The way from Lu is easy and plain ,
And the daughter of Qi's is delighted and complacent .

The waters of the Wen flow broadly on ;
The travellers are numerous .
The way from Lu is easy and plain ,
And the daughter of Qi's moves on with unconcern .

The waters of the Wen sweep on ;
The travellers are in crowds .
The way from Lu is easy and plain ,
And the daughter of Qi's proceeds at her ease .


106. 猗嗟 YI JIE
猗嗟昌兮、颀而长兮、抑若扬兮、美目扬兮。
巧趋跄兮、射则臧兮。

猗嗟名兮、美目清兮。
仪既成兮。
终日射侯、不出正兮。
展我甥兮。

猗嗟娈兮、清扬婉兮。
舞则选兮、射则贯兮。
四矢反兮、以御乱兮。

Alas for him , so handsome and accomplished !
How grandly tall !
With what elegance in his high forehead !
With what motion of his beautiful eyes !
With what skill in the swift movements of his feet !
With what mastery of archery !

Alas for him , so famous !
His beautiful eyes how clear !
His manners how complete !
Shooting all day at the target ,
And never lodging outside the bird-square !
Indeed our [ruler's] nephew !

Alas for him , so beautiful !
His bright eyes and high forehead how lovely !
His dancing so choice !
Sure to send his arrows right through !
The four all going to the same place !
One able to withstand rebellion !

魏风 (THE ODES OF WEI)
107. 葛屦 GE JU
纠纠葛屦、可以履霜。
掺掺女手、可以缝裳。
要之襋之、好人服之。

好人提提、宛然左辟、佩其象揥。
维是褊心、是以为刺。

Shoes thinly woven of the dolichos fibre ,
May be used to walk on the hoarfrost .
The delicate fingers of a bride ,
May be used in making clothes .
[His bride] puts the waistband to his lower garment and the collar to his upper ,
And he , a wealthy man , wears them .

Wealthy , he moves about quite at ease ,
And politely he stands aside to the left .
From his girdle hangs his ivory comb-pin .
It is the narrowness of his disposition ,
Which makes him a subject for satire .


108. 汾沮洳 FEN JU RU
彼汾沮洳、言采其莫。
彼其之子、美无度。
美无度、殊异乎公路。

彼汾一方、言采其桑。
彼其之子、美如英。
美如英、殊异乎公行。

彼汾一曲、言采其藚。
彼其之子、美如玉。
美如玉、殊异乎公族。

There in the oozy grounds of the Fen ,
They gather the sorrel .
That officer ,
Is elegant beyond measure .
He is elegant beyond measure .
But , perhaps , he is not what the superintendent of the ruler's carriages ought to be .

There along the side of the Fen ,
They gather the mulberry leaves .
That officer ,
Is elegant as a flower .
He is elegant as a flower ;
But , perhaps , he is not what the marshaller of the carriages ought to be .

There along the bend of the Fen ,
They gather the ox-lips .
That officer ,
Is elegant as a gem .
He is elegant as a gem ;
But , perhaps , he is not what the superintendent of the ruler's relations shoul d be .


109. 园有桃 YUAN YOU TAO
园有桃、其实之殽。
心之忧矣、我歌且谣。
不我知者、谓我士也骄。
彼人是哉、子曰何其。
心之忧矣、其谁知之。
其谁知之、盖亦勿思。

园有棘、其实之食。
心之忧矣、聊以行国。
不我知者、谓我士也罔极。
彼人是哉、子曰何其。
心之忧矣、其谁知之。
其谁知之、盖亦勿思。

Of the peach trees in the garden ,
The fruit may be used as food .
My heart is grieved ,
And I play and sing .
Those who do not know me ,
Say I am a scholar venting his pride .
' Those men are right ;
What do you mean by your words ? '
My heart is grieved ;
Who knows [the cause of] it ?
Who knows [the cause of] it ?
[They know it not] , because they will not think .

Of the jujube trees in the garden ,
The fruit may be used as food .
My heart is grieved ,
And I think I must travel about through the State .
Those who do not know me ,
Say I am an officer going to the verge of license .
' Those men are right ;
What do you mean by your words ? '
My heart is grieved ;
Who knows [the cause of] it ?
Who knows [the cause of] it ?
[They do not know it] , because they will not think .


110. 陟岵 ZHI HU
陟彼岵兮、瞻望父兮。
父曰嗟、予子行役、夙夜无已。
上慎旃哉、犹来无止。

陟彼屺兮、瞻望母兮。
母曰嗟、予季行役、夙夜无寐。
上慎旃哉、犹来无弃。

陟彼冈兮、瞻望兄兮。
兄曰嗟、予弟行役、夙夜必偕。
上慎旃哉、犹来无死。

I ascend that tree-clad hill ,
And look towards [the residence of] my father .
My father is saying , ' Alas ! my son , abroad on the public service ,
Morning and night never rests .
May he be careful ,
That he may come [back] , and not remain there ! '

I ascend that bare hill ,
And look towards [the residence of] my mother .
My mother is saying , ' Alas ! my child , abroad on the public service ,
Morning and night has no sleep .
May he be careful ,
That he may come [back] , and not leave his body there ! '

I ascend that ridge ,
And look towards [the residence of] my elder brother .
My brother is saying , ' Alas ! my younger brother , abroad on the public servic e ,
Morning and night must consort with his comrades .
May he be careful ,
That he may come back , and not die ! '


111. 十亩之间 SHI MU ZHI JIAN
十亩之闲兮、桑者闲闲兮。
行与子还兮。

十亩之外兮、桑者泄泄兮。
行与子逝兮。

Among their ten acres ,
The mulberry-planters stand idly about .
' Come , ' [says one to another] , ' I will go away with you . '

Beyond those ten acres ,
The mulberry-planters move idly about .
' Come , ' [says one to another] , ' I will go away with you . '


112. 伐檀 FA TAN
坎坎伐檀兮、寘之河之干兮、河水清且涟猗。
不稼不穑、胡取禾三百廛兮。
不狩不猎、胡瞻尔庭有县貆兮。
彼君子兮、不素餐兮。

坎坎伐辐兮、寘之河之侧兮、河水清且直猗。
不稼不穑、胡取禾三百亿兮。
不狩不猎、胡瞻尔庭有县特兮。
彼君子兮、不素食兮。

坎坎伐轮兮、寘之河之漘兮、河水清且沦猗。
不稼不穑、胡取禾三百囷兮。
不狩不猎、胡瞻尔庭有县鹑兮。
彼君子兮、不素飧兮。

Kan-kan go his blows on the sandal trees ,
And he places what he hews on the river's bank ,
Whose waters flow clear and rippling .
You sow not nor reap ; --
How do you get the produce of those three hundred farms ?
You do not follow the chase ; --
How do we see the badgers hanging up in your court yards ?
O that superior man !
He would not eat the bread of idleness !

Kan-kan go his blows on the wood for his spokes ,
And he places it by the side of the river ,
Whose waters flow clear and even .
You sow not nor reap ; --
How do you get your three millions of sheaves ?
You do not follow the chase ; --
How do we see the three-year-olds hanging up in your court yards ?
O that superior man !
He would not eat the bread of idleness !

Kan-kan go his blows on the wood for his wheels ,
And he places it by the lip of the river ,
Whose waters flow clear in rippling circles .
You sow not nor reap ; --
How do you get the paddy for your three hundred round binns ?
You do not follow the chase ; --
How do we see the quails hanging in your court yards ?
O that superior man !
He would not eat the bread of idleness !


113. 硕鼠 SHUO SHU
硕鼠硕鼠、无食我黍。
三岁贯女、莫我肯顾。
逝将去女、适彼乐土。
乐土乐土、爰得我所。

硕鼠硕鼠、无食我麦。
三岁贯女、莫我肯德。
逝将去女、适彼乐国。
乐国乐国、爰得我直。

硕鼠硕鼠、无食我苗。
三岁贯女、莫我肯劳。
逝将去女、适彼乐郊。
乐郊乐郊、谁之永号。

Large rats ! Large rats !
Do not eat our millet .
Three years have we had to do with you ,
And you have not been willing to show any regard for us .
We will leave you ,
And go to that happy land .
Happy land ! Happy land !
There shall we find our place .

Large rats ! Large rats !
Do not eat our wheat .
Three years have we had to do with you ,
And you have not been willing to show any kindness to us .
We will leave you ,
And go to that happy State .
Happy State ! Happy State !
There shall we find ourselves right .

Large rats ! Large rats !
Do not eat our springing grain !
Three years have we had to do with you ,
And you have not been willing to think of our toil .
We will leave you ,
And go to those happy borders .
Happy borders ! Happy borders !
Who will there make us always to groan ?

唐风 (THE ODES OF TANG)
114. 蟋蟀 XI SHUAI
蟋蟀在堂、岁聿其莫。
今我不乐、日月其除。
无已大康、职思其居。
好乐无荒、良士瞿瞿。

蟋蟀在堂、岁聿其逝。
今我不乐、日月其迈。
无已大康、职思其外。
好乐无荒、良士蹶蹶。

蟋蟀在堂、役车其休。
今我不乐、日月其慆。
无已大康、职思其忧。
好乐无荒、良士休休。

The cricket is in the hall ,
And the year is drawing to a close .
If we do not enjoy ourselves now ,
The days and months will be leaving us .
But let us not go to great excess ;
Let us first think of the duties of our position ;
Let us not be wild in our love of enjoyment .
The good man is anxiously thoughtful .

The cricket is in the hall ,
And the year is passing away .
If we do not enjoy ourselves now ,
The days and months will have gone .
But let us not go to great excess ;
Let us first send our thoughts beyond the present ;
Let us not be wild in our love of enjoyment .
The good man is ever diligent .

The cricket is in the hall ,
And our carts stand unemployed .
If we do not enjoy ourselves now ,
The days and months will have gone by.
But let us not go to an excess ;
Let us first think of the griefs that may arise ;
Let us not be wild in our love of enjoyment .
The good man is quiet and serene .


115. 山有枢 SHAN YOU SHU
山有枢、隰有榆。
子有衣裳、弗曳弗娄。
子有车马、弗驰弗驱。
宛其死矣、他人是愉。

山有栲、隰有杻。
子有廷内、弗洒弗埽。
子有钟鼓、弗鼓弗考。
宛其死矣、他人是保。

山有漆、隰有栗。
子有酒食、何不日鼓瑟。
且以喜乐、且以永日。
宛其死矣、他人入室。

On the mountains are the thorny elms ,
In the low , wet grounds are the white elms .
You have suits of robes ,
But you will not wear them ;
You have carriages and horses ,
But you will not drive them .
You will drop off in death ,
And another person will enjoy them .

On the mountains is the Kao ,
In the low wet grounds is the Niu .
You have courtyards and inner rooms ,
But you will not have them sprinkled or swept ;
You have drums and bells ,
But you will not have them beat or struck ,
You will drop off in death ,
And another person will possess them .

On the mountains are the varnish trees ,
In the low wet grounds are the chestnuts .
You have spirits and viands ; --
Why not daily play your lute ?
Both to give a zest to your joy ,
And to prolong the day ?
You will drop off in death ,
And another person will enter your chamber .


116. 扬之水 YANG ZHI SHUI
扬之水、白石凿凿。
素衣朱襮、从子于沃。
既见君子、云何不乐。

扬之水、白石皓皓。
素衣朱绣、从子于鹄。
既见君子、云何其忧。

扬之水、白石粼粼。
我闻有命、不敢以告人。

Amidst the fretted waters ,
The white rocks stand up grandly .
Bringing a robe of white silk , with a vermillion collar ,
We will follow you to Wo .
When we have seen the princely lord ,
Shall we not rejoice ?

Amidst the fretted waters ,
The white rocks stand glistening .
Bringing a robe of white silk , with a vermillion collar , and embroidered ,
We will follow you to Hu .
When we have seen the princely lord ,
What sorrow will remain to us ?

Amidst the fretted waters ,
The white rocks clearly show .
We have heard your orders ,
And will not dare to inform any one of them .


117. 椒聊 JIAO LIAO
椒聊之实、蕃衍盈升。
彼其之子、硕大无朋。
椒聊且、远条且。

椒聊之实、蕃衍盈匊。
彼其之子、硕大且笃。
椒聊且、远条且。

The clusters of the pepper plant ,
Large and luxuriant , would fill a pint .
That hero there
Is large and peerless .
O the pepper plant !
How its shoots extend !

The clusters of the pepper plant ,
Large and luxuriant , would fill both your hands .
That hero there
Is large and generous .
O the pepper plant !
How its shoots extend !


118. 绸缪 CHOU MOU
绸缪束薪、三星在天。
今夕何夕、见此良人。
子兮子兮、如此良人何。

绸缪束刍、三星在隅。
今夕何夕、见此邂逅。
子兮子兮、如此邂逅何。

绸缪束楚、三星在户。
今夕何夕、见此粲者。
子兮子兮、如此粲者何。

Round and round the firewood is bound ;
And the Three Stars appear in the sky .
This evening is what evening ,
That I see this good man ?
O me ! O me !
That I should get a good man like this !

Round and round the grass is bound ;
And the Three Stars are seen from the corner .
This evening is what evening ,
That we have this unexpected meeting ?
Happy pair ! Happy pair !
That we should have this unexpected meeting !

Round and round the thorns are bound ;
And the Three Stars are seen from the door .
This evening is what evening ,
That I see this beauty ?
O me ! O me !
That I should see a beauty like this !


119. 杕杜 DI DU
有杕之杜、其叶湑湑。
独行踽踽。
岂无他人、不如我同父。
嗟行之人、胡不比焉。
人无兄弟、胡不佽焉。

有杕之杜、其叶菁菁。
独行瞏瞏。
岂无他人、不如我同姓。
嗟行之人、胡不比焉。
人无兄弟、胡不佽焉。

There is a solitary russet pear tree ,
[But] its leaves are luxuriant .
Alone I walk unbefriended ; --
Is it because there are no other people ?
But none are like the sons of one's father .
O ye travellers ,
Why do ye not sympathize with me ?
Without brothers as I am ,
Why do ye not help me ?

There is a solitary russet pear tree ,
[But] its leaves are abundant .
Alone I walk uncared for ; --
Is it that there are not other people ?
But none are like those of one's own surname .
O ye travellers ,
Why do ye not sympathize with me ?
Without brothers as I am ,
Why do ye not help me ?


120. 羔裘 GAO QIU
羔裘豹祛、自我人居居。
岂无他人、维子之故。

羔裘豹褎、自我人究究。
岂无他人、维子之好。

Lamb's fur and leopard's cuffs ,
You use us with unkindness .
Might we not find another chief ?
But [we stay] because of your forefathers .

Lamb's fur and leopard's cuffs ,
You use us with cruel unkindness .
Might we not find another chief ?
But [we stay] from our regard to you .


121. 鸨羽 BAO YU
肃肃鸨羽、集于苞栩。
王事靡盬、不能蓺稷黍、父母何怙。
悠悠苍天、曷其有所。

肃肃鸨翼、集于苞棘。
王事靡盬、不能蓺黍稷、父母何食。
悠悠苍天、曷其有极。

肃肃鸨行、集于苞桑。
王事靡盬、不能蓺稻粱、父母何尝。
悠悠苍天、曷其有常。

Su-su go the feathers of the wild geese ,
As they settle on the bushy oaks .
The king's affairs must not be slackly discharged ,
And [so] we cannot plant our sacrificial millet and millet ; --
What will our parents have to rely on ?
O thou distant and azure Heaven !
When shall we be in our places again ?

Su-su go the wings of the wild geese ,
As they settle on the bushy jujube trees .
The king's affairs must not be slackly discharged ,
And [so] we cannot plant our millet and sacrificial millet ; --
How shall our parents be supplied with food ?
O thou distant and azure Heaven !
When shall [our service] have an end ?

Su-su go the rows of the wild geese ,
As they rest on the bushy mulberry trees .
The king's business must not be slackly discharged ,
And [so] we cannot plant our rice and maize ; --
How shalll our parents get food ?
O thou distant and azure Heaven !
When shall we get [back] to our ordinary lot ?


122. 无衣 WU YI
岂曰无衣七兮、不如子之衣、安且吉兮。

岂曰无衣六兮、不如子之衣、安且燠兮。

How can it be said that he is without robes ?
He has those of the seven orders ;
But it is better that he get those robes from you .
That will secure tranquillity and good fortune .

How can it be said that he is without robes ?
He has those of the six orders ;
But it is better that he get those robes from you .
That will secure tranquillity and permanence .


123. 有杕之杜 YOU DI ZHI DU
有杕之杜、生于道左。
彼君子兮、噬肯适我。
中心好之、曷饮食之。

有杕之杜、生于道周。
彼君子兮、噬肯来游。
中心好之、曷饮食之。

There is a solitary russet pear tree ,
Growing on the left of the way .
That princely man there !
He might be willing to come to me .
In the centre of my heart I love him ,
[But] how shall I supply him with drink and food ?

There is a solitary russet pear tree ,
Growing where the way makes a compass .
That princely man there !
He might be willing to come and ramble [with me] .
In the centre of my heart I love him ,
[But] how shall I supply him with drink and food ?


124. 葛生 GE SHENG
葛生蒙楚、蔹蔓于野。
予美亡此、谁与独处。

葛生蒙棘、蔹蔓于域。
予美亡此、谁与独息。

角枕粲兮、锦衾烂兮。
予美亡此、谁与独旦。

夏之日、冬之夜、百岁之後、归於其居。

冬之夜、夏之日、百岁之後、归於其室。

The dolichos grows , covering the thorn trees ;
The convolvulus spreads all over the waste .
The man of my admiration is no more here ;
With whom can I dwell ? -- I abide alone .

The dolichos grows , covering the jujube trees ;
The convolvulus spreads all over the tombs .
The man of my admiration is no more here ;
With whom can I dwell ? -- I rest alone .

How beautiful was the pillow of horn !
How splendid was the embroidered coverlet !
The man of my admiration is no more here ; --
With whom can I dwell ? -- Alone [I wait for] the morning .

Through the [long] days of summer ,
Through the [long] nights of winter [shall I be alone] ,
Till the lapse of a hundred years ,
When I shall go home to his abode .

Through the [long] nights of winter ,
Through the [long] days of summer [shall I be alone] ,
Till the lapse of a hundred years ,
When I shall go home to his chamber .


125. 采苓 CAI LING
采苓采苓、首阳之巅。
人之为言、苟亦无信。
舍旃舍旃、苟亦无然。
人之为言、胡得焉。

采苦采苦、首阳之下。
人之为言、苟亦无与。
舍旃舍旃、苟亦无然。
人之为言、胡得焉。

采葑采葑、首阳之东。
人之无言、苟亦无从。
舍旃舍旃、苟亦无然。
人之为言、胡得焉。

Would you gather the liquorice , would you gather the liquorice ,
On the top of Shouyang ?
When men tell their stories ,
Do not readily believe them ;
Put them aside , put them aside .
Do not readily assent to them ;
And , when men tell their stories ,
How will they find course ?

Would you gather the sowthistle , would you gather the sowthistle ,
At the foot of Shouyang ?
When men tell their stories ,
Do not readily approve them ;
Put them aside , put them aside .
Do not readily assent to them ;
And , when men tell their stories ,
How will they find course ?

Would you gather the mustard plant , would you gather the mustard plant ,
On the east of Shouyang ?
When men tell their stories ,
Do not readily listen to them ; --
Put them aside , put them aside .
Do not readily assent to them ;
And , when men tell their stories ,
How will they find course ?

秦风 (THE ODES OF QIN)
126. 车邻 CHE LIN
有车邻邻、有马白颠。
未见君子、寺人之令。

阪有漆、隰有栗。
既见君子、并坐鼓瑟。
今者不乐、逝者其耋。

阪有桑、隰有杨。
既见君子、并坐鼓簧。
今者不乐、逝者其亡。

He has many carriages , giving forth their Lin-Lin ;
He has horses with their white foreheads .
Before we can see our prince ,
We must get the services of eunuch .

On the hill-sides are varnish trees ;
In the low wet grounds are chestnuts .
When we have seen our prince ,
We sit together with him , and they play on their lutes .
If now we do not take our joy ,
The time will pass till we are octogenarians .

On the hill-sides are mulberry trees ;
In the low wet grounds are willows .
When we have seen our prince ,
We sit together with him , and they play on their organs .
If now we do not take our joy ,
The time will pass till we are no more .


127. 驷驖 SI TIE
驷驖孔阜、六辔在手。
公之媚子、从公于狩。

奉时辰牡、辰牡孔硕。
公曰左之、舍拔则获。

游于北园、四马既闲。
輶车鸾镳、载猃歇骄。

His four iron-black horses are in very fine condition ;
The six reins are in the hand [of the charioteer] .
The ruler's favourites ,
Follow him to the chase .

The male animals of the season are made to present themselves ,
The males in season , of very large size .
The ruler says , ' To the left of them ; '
Then he lets go his arrows and hits .

He rambles in the northern park ;
His four horses display their training .
Light carriages , with bells at the horses' bits ,
Convey the long and short-mouthed dogs .


128. 小戎 XIAO RONG
小戎俴收、五楘梁輈。
游环胁驱、阴靷鋈续、文茵畅毂、驾我骐馵。
言念君子、温其如玉。
在其板屋、乱我心曲。

四牡孔阜、六辔在手、骐骝是中、騧骊是骖、龙盾之合、鋈以觼軜。
言念君子、温其在邑。
方何为期、胡然我念之。

俴驷孔群、厹矛鋈錞、蒙伐有苑、虎韔镂膺、交韔二弓、竹闭绲滕。
言念君子、载寝载与。
厌厌良人、秩秩德音。

[There is] his short war carriage ; --
With the ridge-like end of its pole , elegantly bound in five places ;
With its slip rings and side straps ,
And the traces attached by gilt rings to the masked transverse ;
With its beautiful mat of tiger's skin , and its long naves ;
With its piebalds , and horses with white left feet .
When I think of my husband [thus] ,
Looking bland and soft as a piece of jade ;
Living there in his blank house ;
It sends confusion into all the corners of my heart .

His four horses are in very fine condition ,
And the six reins are in the hand [of the charioteer] .
Piebald , and bay with black mane , are the insides ;
Yellow with black mouth , and black , are the outsides ;
Side by side are placed the dragon-figured shields ;
Gilt are the buckles for the inner reins .
I think of my husband [thus] ,
Looking so mild in the cities there .
What time can be fixed for his return ?
Oh ! how I think of him !

His mail-covered team moves in great harmony ;
There are the trident spears with their gilt ends ;
And the beautiful feather-figured shield ;
With the tiger-skin bow-case , and the carved metal ornaments on its front .
The two bows are placed in the case ,
Bound with string to their bamboo frames .
I think of my husband ,
When I lie down and rise up .
Tranquil and serene is the good man ,
With his virtuous fame spread far and near .


129. 蒹葭 JIAN JIA
蒹葭苍苍、白露为霜。
所谓伊人、在水一方。
溯洄从之、道阻且长。
溯游从之、宛在水中央。

蒹葭凄凄、白露未曦。
所谓伊人、在水之湄。
溯洄从之、道阻且跻。
溯游从之、宛在水中坻。

蒹葭采采、白露未已。
所谓伊人、在水之涘。
溯洄从之、道阻且右。
溯游从之、宛在水中沚。

The reeds and rushes are deeply green ,
And the white dew is turned into hoarfrost .
The man of whom I think ,
Is somewhere about the water .
I go up the stream in quest of him ,
But the way is difficult and long .
I go down the stream in quest of him ,
And lo ! he is right in the midst of the water .

The reeds and rushes are luxuriant ,
And the white dew is not yet dry .
The man of whom I think ,
Is on the margin of the water .
I go up the stream in quest of him ,
But the way is difficult and steep .
I go down the stream in quest of him ,
And lo ! he is on the islet in the midst of the water .

The reeds and rushes are abundant ,
And the white dew is not yet ceased .
The man of whom I think ,
Is on the bank of the river .
I go up the stream in quest of him ,
But the way is difficult and turns to the right .
I go down the stream in quest of him ,
And lo ! he is on the island in the midst of the water .


130. 终南 ZHONG NAN
终南何有、有条有梅。
君子至止、锦衣狐裘。
颜如渥丹、其君也哉。

终南何有、有纪有堂。
君子至止、黻衣绣裳、佩玉将将、寿考不忘。

What are there on Zhongnan ?
There are white firs and plum trees .
Our prince has arrived at it ,
Wearing an embroidered robe over his fox-fur ,
And with his countenance rouged as with vermilion .
May he prove a ruler indeed !

What are there on Zhongnan ?
There are nooks and open glades .
Our prince has arrived at it ,
With the symbol of distinction embroidered on his lower garment ,
And the gems at his girdle emitting their thinking .
May long life and an endless name be his ?


131. 黄鸟 HUANG NIAO
交交黄鸟、止于棘。
谁从穆公、子车奄息。
维此奄息、百夫之特。
临其穴、惴惴其栗。
彼苍者天、歼我良人。
如可赎兮、人百其身。

交交黄鸟、止于桑。
谁从穆公、子车仲行。
维此仲行、百夫之防。
临其穴、惴惴其栗。
彼苍者天、歼我良人。
如可赎兮、人百其身。

交交黄鸟、止于楚。
谁从穆公、子车鍼虎。
维此鍼虎、百夫之御。
临其穴、惴惴其栗。
彼苍者天、歼我良人。
如可赎兮、人百其身。

They flit about , the yellow birds ,
And rest upon the jujube trees .
Who followed duke Mu [to the grave] ?
Ziche Yansi .
And this Yansi ,
Was a man above a hundred .
When he came to the grave ,
He looked terrified and trembled .
Thou azure Heaven there !
Thou art destroying our good men .
Could he have been redeemed ,
We should have given a hundred lives for him .

They flit about , the yellow birds ,
And rest upon the mulberry trees .
Who followed duke Mu [to the grave] ?
Ziche Zhongheng .
And this Zhongheng ,
Was a match for a hundred .
When he came to the grave ,
He looked terrified and trembled .
Thou azure Heaven there !
Thou art destroying our good men .
Could he have been redeemed ,
We should have given a hundred lives for him .

They flit about , the yellow birds ,
And rest upon the thorn trees .
Who followed duke Mu [to the grave] ?
Ziche Qianhu .
And this Ziche Qianhu ,
Could withstand a hundred men .
When he came to the grave ,
He looked terrified and trembled .
Thou azure Heaven there !
Thou art destroying our good men .
Could he have been redeemed ,
We should have given a hundred lives for him .


132. 晨风 CHEN FENG
歍彼晨风、郁彼北林。
未见君子、忧心钦钦。
如何如何、忘我实多。

山有苞栎、隰有六驳。
未见君子、忧心靡乐。
如何如何、忘我实多。

山有苞棣、隰有树檖。
未见君子、忧心如醉。
如何如何、忘我实多。

Swift flies the falcon ,
To the thick-wooded forest in the north .
While I do not see my husband ,
My heart cannot forget its grief .
How is it , how is it ,
That he forgets me so very much ?

On the mountain are the bushy oaks ;
In the low wet grounds are six elms .
While I do not see my husband ,
My sad heart has no joy .
How is it , how is it ,
That he forgets me so very much ?

On the mountain are the bushy sparrow-plums ;
In the low wet grounds are the high , wild pear trees .
While I do not see my husband ,
My heart is as if intoxicated with grief .
How is it , how is it ,
That he forgets me so very much ?


133. 无衣 WU YI
岂曰无衣、与子同袍。
王于兴师、修我戈矛、与子同仇。

岂曰无衣、与子同泽。
王于兴师、修我矛戟、与子偕作。

岂曰无衣、与子同裳。
王于兴师、修我甲兵、与子偕行。

How shall it be said that you have no clothes ?
I will share my long robes with you .
The king is raising his forces ;
I will prepare my lance and spear ,
And will be your comrade .

How shall it be said that you have no clothes ?
I will share my under clothes with you .
The king is raising his forces ;
I will prepare my spear and lance ,
And will take the field with you .

How shall it be said that you have no clothes ?
I will share my lower garments with you .
The king is raising his forces ;
I will prepare my buffcoat and sharp weapons ,
And will march along with you .


134. 渭阳 WEI YANG
我送舅氏、曰至渭阳。
何以赠之、路车乘黄。

我送舅氏、悠悠我思。
何以赠之、琼瑰玉佩。

I escorted my mother's nephew ,
To the north of the Wei ,
What did I present to him ?
Four bay horses for his carriage of state .

I escorted my mother's nephew ,
Long , long did I think of him .
What did I present to him ?
A precious jasper , and gems for his girdle-pendant .


135. 权舆 QUAN YU
於我乎、夏屋渠渠、今也每食无余。
于嗟乎、不承权舆。

於我乎、每食四簋、今也每食不饱。
于嗟乎、不承权舆。

He assigned us a house large and spacious ;
But now at every meal there is nothing left .
Alas that he could not continue as he began !

He assigned us at every meal four dishes of grain ;
But now at every meal we do not get our fill .
Alas that he could not continue as he began !

陈风 (THE ODES OF CHEN)
136. 宛丘 WAN QIU
子之汤兮、宛丘之上兮。
洵有情兮、而无望兮。

坎其击鼓、宛丘之下。
无冬无夏、值其鹭羽。

坎其击缶、宛丘之道。
无冬无夏、值其鹭翿。

How gay and dissipated you are ,
There on the top of Wanqiu !
You are full of kindly affection indeed ,
But you have nothing to make you looked up to !

How your blows on the drum resound ,
At the foot of Wanqiu !
Be it winter , be it summer ,
You are holding your egret's feather !

How you beat your earthen vessel ,
On the way to Wanqiu !
Be it winter , be it summer ,
You are holding your egret-fan !


137. 东门之枌 DONG MEN ZHI FEN
东门之枌、宛丘之栩。
子仲之子、婆娑其下。

谷旦于差、南方之原。
不绩其麻、市也婆娑。

谷旦于逝、越以鬷迈。
视尔如荍、贻我握椒。

[There are] the white elms at the east gate .
And the oaks on Wanqiu ;
The daughter of Zizhong ,
Dances about under them .

A good morning having been chosen ,
For the plain in the South ,
She leaves twisting her hemp ,
And dances to it through the market-place .

The morning being good for excursion ,
They all proceed together .
' I look on you as the flower of the thorny mallow ;
You give me a stalk of the pepper plant .


138. 衡门 HENG MEN
衡门之下、可以栖迟。
泌之洋洋、可以乐饥。

岂其食鱼、必河之鲂。
岂其取妻、必齐之姜。

岂其食鱼、必河之鲤。
岂其取妻、必宋之子。

Beneath my door made of cross pieces of wood ,
I can rest at my leisure ;
By the wimpling stream from my fountain ,
I can joy amid my hunger .

Why , in eating fish ;
Must we have bream from the He ?
Why , in taking a wife ,
Must we have a Jiang of Qi ?

Why , in eating fish ;
Must we have carp from the He ?
Why , in taking a wife ,
Must we have a Zi of Song ?


139. 东门之池 DONG MEN ZHI CHI
东门之池、可以沤麻。
彼美淑姬、可与晤歌。

东门之池、可以沤紵。
彼美淑姬、可与晤语。

东门之池、可以沤菅。
彼美淑姬、可与晤言。

The moat at the east gate ,
Is fit to steep hemp in .
That beautiful , virtuous , lady ,
Can respond to you in songs .

The moat at the east gate ,
Is fit to steep the boehmeria in .
That beautiful , virtuous , lady ,
Can respond to you in discourse .

The moat at the east gate ,
Is fit to steep the rope-rush in .
That beautiful , virtuous lady ,
Can respond to you in conversation .


140. 东门之杨 DONG MEN ZHI YANG
东门之杨、其叶牂牂。
昏以为期、明星煌煌。

东门之杨、其叶肺肺。
昏以为期、明星晢晢。

On the willows at the east gate ,
The leaves are very luxuria....
The evening was the time agreed on ,
And the morning star is shining bright .

On the willows at the east gate ,
The leaves are dense .
The evening was the time agreed on ,
And the morning star is shining bright .


141. 墓门 MU MEN
墓门有棘、斧以斯之。
夫也不良、国人知之。
知而不已、谁昔然矣。

墓门有梅、有鴞萃止。
夫也不良、歌以讯之。
讯予不顾、颠倒思予。

At the gate to the tombs there are jujube trees ; --
They should be cut away with an axe .
That man is not good ,
And the people of the State know it .
They know it , but he does not give over ; --
Long time has it been thus with him .

At the gate to the tombs there are plum trees ;
And there are owls collecting on them .
That man is not good ,
And I sing [this song] to admonish him .
I admonish him , but he will not regard me ; --
When he is overthrown , he will think of me .


142. 防有鹊巢 FANG YOU QUE CHAO
防有鹊巢、邛有旨苕。
谁侜予美、心焉忉忉。

中唐有甓、邛有旨鷊。
谁侜予美、心焉惕惕。

On the embankment are magpies' nests ;
On the height grows the beautiful pea .
Who has been imposing on the object of my admiration ?
-- My heart is full of sorrow .

The middle path of the temple is covered with its tiles ;
On the height is the beautiful medallion plant .
Who has been imposing on the object of my admiration ?
-- My heart is full of trouble .


143. 月出 YUE CHU
月出皎兮、佼人僚兮。
舒窈纠兮、劳心悄兮。

月出皓兮、佼人懰兮。
舒懮受兮、劳心慅兮。

月出照兮、佼人燎兮。
舒夭绍兮、劳心惨兮。

The moon comes forth in her brightness ;
How lovely is that beautiful lady !
O to have my deep longings for her relieved !
How anxious is my toiled heart !

The moon comes forth in her splendour ;
How attractive is that beautiful lady !
O to have my anxieties about her relieved !
How agitated is my toiled heart !

The moon comes forth and shines ;
How brilliant is that beautiful lady !
O to have the chains of my mind relaxed !
How miserable is my toiled heart !


144. 株林 ZHU LIN
胡为乎株林、从夏南。
匪适株林、从夏南。

驾我乘马、说于株野。
乘我乘驹、朝食于株。

What does he in Zhulin ?
He is going after Xianan .
He is not going to Zhulin ;
He is going after Xianan .

' Yoke for me my team of horses ;
I will rest in the country about Zhu .
I will drive my team of colts ,
And breakfast at Zhu .'


145. 泽陂 ZE PO
彼泽之陂、有蒲与荷。
有美一人、伤如之何。
寤寐无为、涕泗滂沱。

彼泽之陂、有蒲与蕑。
有美一人、硕大且卷。
寤寐无为、中心悁悁。

彼泽之陂、有蒲菡萏。
有美一人、硕大且俨。
寤寐无为、 辗转伏枕。

By the shores of that marsh ,
There are rushes and lotus plants .
There is the beautiful lady ; --
I am tortured for her , but what avails it ?
Waking or sleeping , I do nothing ;
From my eyes and nose the water streams .

By the shores of that marsh ,
There are rushes and the valerian .
There is the beautiful lady ;
Tall and large , and elegant .
Waking or sleeping , I do nothing ;
My inmost heart is full of grief .

By the shores of that marsh ,
There are rushes and lotus flowers .
There is the beautiful lady ;
Tall and large , and majestic .
Waking or sleeping , I do nothing ;
On my side , on my back , with my face on the pillow , I lie .

桧风 (THE ODES OF KUAI)
146. 羔裘 GAO QIU
羔裘逍遥、狐裘以朝。
岂不尔思、劳心忉忉。

羔裘翱翔、狐裘在堂。
岂不尔思、我心忧伤。

羔裘如膏、日出有曜。
岂不尔思、中心是悼。

In your lamb's fur you saunter about ;
In your fox's fur you hold your court .
How should I not think anxiously about you ?
My toiled heart is full of grief .

In your lamb's fur you wander aimlessly about ;
In your fox's fur you appear in your hall .
How should I not think anxiously about you ?
My heart is wounded with sorrow .

Your lamb's fur , as if covered with ointment ;
Glistens when the sun comes forth .
How should I not think anxiously about you ?
To the core of my heart I am grieved .


147. 素冠 SU GUAN
庶见素冠兮、棘人栾栾兮、劳心慱慱兮。

庶见素衣兮、我心伤悲兮、聊与子同归兮。

庶见素韡兮、我心蕴结兮、聊与子如一兮。

If I could but see the white cap ,
And the earnest mourner worn to leanness ! --
My toiled heart is worn with grief !

If I could but see the white [lower] dress ! --
My heart is wounded with sadness !
I should be inclined to go and live with the wearer !

If I could but see the white knee-covers ! --
Sorrow is knotted in my heart !
I should almost feel as of one soul with the wearer !


148. 隰有苌楚 XI YOU CHANG CHU
隰有苌楚、猗傩其枝。
夭之沃沃、乐子之无知。

隰有苌楚、猗傩其华。
夭之沃沃、乐子之无家。

隰有苌楚、猗傩其实。
夭之沃沃、乐子之无室。

In the low wet grouds is the carambola tree ;
Soft and pliant are its branches ,
With the glossiness of tender beauty .
I should rejoice to be like you , [O tree] , without consciousness .

In the low , damp grounds is the carambola tree ;
Soft and delicate are its flowers ,
With the glossiness of its tender beauty .
I should rejoice to be like you , [O tree] , without a family .

In the low , damp grounds is the carambola tree ;
Soft and delicate is its fruit ,
With the glossiness of its tender beauty .
I should rejoice to be like you , [O tree] , without a household .


149. 匪风 FEI FENG
匪风发兮、匪车偈兮、顾瞻周道、中心怛兮。

匪风飘兮、匪车嘌兮。
顾瞻周道、中心吊兮。

谁能亨鱼、溉之釜鬵。
谁将西归、怀之好音。

Not for the violence of the wind ;
Not for a rushing motion of a chariot ; --
But when I look to the road to Zhou ,
Am I pained to the core of my heart .

Not for the whirlwind ;
Not for the irregular motion of a chariot ; --
But when I look to the road to Zhou ,
Am I sad to the core of my heart .

Who can cook fish ?
I will wash his boilers for him .
Who will loyally go to the west ?
I will cheer him with good words .

曹风 (THE ODES OF CAO)
150. 蜉蝣 FU YOU
蜉蝣之羽、衣裳楚楚。
心之忧矣、於我归处。

蜉蝣之翼、采采衣服。
心之忧矣、於我归息。

蜉蝣掘阅、麻衣如雪。
心之忧矣、於我归说。

The wings of the ephemera ,
Are robes , bright and splendid .
My heart is grieved ; --
Would they but come and abide with me !

The wings of the ephemera ,
Are robes , variously adorned .
My heart is grieved ; --
Would they but come and rest with me !

The ephemera bursts from its hole ,
With a robe of hemp like snow .
My heart is grieved ; --
Would they but come and lodge with me !


151. 候人 HOU REN
彼候人兮、何戈与祋。
彼其之子、三百赤芾。

维鹈在梁、不濡其翼。
彼其之子、不称其服。

维鹈在梁、不濡其咮。
彼其之子、不遂其媾。

荟兮蔚兮、南山朝隮。
婉兮娈兮、季女斯饥。

Those officers of escort ,
Have their carriers of lances and halberds .
But these creatures ,
With their three hundred red covers for the knees ! --

The pelican is on the dam ,
And will not wet his wings !
These creatures ,
Are not equal to their dress !

The pelican is on the dam ,
And will not wet his beak !
These creatures ,
Do not respond to the favour they enjoy .

Extensive and luxuriant is the vegetation ,
And up the south hill in the morning rise the vapours .
Tender is she and lovely ,
But the young lady is suffering from hunger .


152. 鳲鸠 SHI JIU
鳲鸠在桑、其子七兮。
淑人君子、其仪一兮。
其仪一兮、心如结兮。

鳲鸠在桑、其子在梅。
淑人君子、其带伊丝。
其带伊丝、其弁伊骐。

鳲鸠在桑、其子在棘。
淑人君子、其仪不忒。
其仪不忒、正是四国。

鳲鸠在桑、其子在榛。
淑人君子、正是国人。
正是国人、胡不万年。

The turtle dove is in the mulberry tree ,
And her young ones are seven .
The virtuous man , the princely one ,
Is uniformly correct in his deportment .
He is uniformly correct in his deportment ,
His heart is as if it were tied to what is correct .

The turtle dove is in the mulberry tree ,
And her young ones are in the plum tree .
The virtuous man , the princely one ,
Has his girdle of silk .
His girdle is of silk ,
And his cap is of spotted deer-skin .

The turtle dove is in the mulberry tree ,
And her young ones are in the jujube tree .
The virtuous man , the princely one ,
Has nothing wrong in his deportment .
He has nothing wrong in his deportment ,
And thus he rectifies the four quarters of the State .

The turtle dove is in the mulberry tree ,
And her young ones are in the hazel tree .
The virtuous man , the princely one ,
Rectifies the people of the State .
He rectifies the people of his State : --
May he continue for ten thousand years !


153. 下泉 XIA QUAN
冽彼下泉、浸彼苞稂。
忾我寤叹、念彼周京。

冽彼下泉、浸彼苞萧。
忾我寤叹、念彼京周。

冽彼下泉、浸彼苞着。
忾无寤叹、念彼京师。

芃芃黍苗、阴雨膏之。
四国有王、郇伯劳之。

Cold come the waters down from that spring ,
And overflow the bushy wolf's-tail grass ,
Ah me ! I awake and sigh ,
Thinking of that capital of Zhou .

Cold come the waters down from that spring ,
And overflow the bushy southernwood ,
Ah me ! I awake and sigh ,
Thinking of that capital of Zhou .

Cold come the waters down from that spring ,
And overflow the bushy divining plants,
Ah me ! I awake and sigh ,
Thinking of that capital-city .

Beautifully grew the fields of young millet ,
Enriched by fertilizing rains .
The States had their sovereign ,
And there was the chief of Xun to reward their princes .

豳风 (THE ODES OF BIN)
154. 七月 QI YUE
七月流火、九月授衣。
一之日觱发、二之日栗烈。
无衣无褐、何以卒岁。
三之日于耜、四之日举趾。
同我妇子、饁彼南亩、田畯至喜。

七月流火、九月授衣。
春日载阳、有鸣仓庚。
女执懿筐、遵彼微行、爰求柔桑。
春日迟迟、采蘩祁祁。
女心伤悲、殆及公子同归。

七月流火、八月萑苇。
蚕月条桑、取彼斧斨、以伐远扬、猗彼女桑。
七月鸣鵙、八月载绩。
载玄载黄、我朱孔阳、为公子裳。

四月秀葽、五月鸣蜩。
八月其获、十月陨蘀。
一之日于貉、取彼狐狸、为公子裘。
二之日其同、载缵武功、言私其豵、献豜于公。

五月斯螽动股、六月莎鸡振羽。
七月在野、八月在宇、九月在户。
十月蟋蟀、入我床下。
穹窒熏鼠。
塞向墐户。
嗟我妇子、曰为改岁、入此室处。

六月食郁及薁、七月亨葵及菽。
八月剥枣、十月获稻。
为此春酒、以介眉寿。
七月食瓜、八月断壶、九月叔苴、采荼薪樗。
食我农夫。

九月筑场圃、十月纳禾稼。
黍稷重穋、禾麻菽麦。
嗟我农夫、我稼既同、上入执宫功。
昼尔于茅、宵尔索綯。
亟其乘屋、其始播百谷。

二之日凿冰冲冲、三之日纳于凌阴。
四之日其蚤、献羔祭韭。
九月肃霜、十月涤场。
朋酒斯响、曰杀羔羊。
跻彼公堂、称彼兕觥、万寿无疆。

In the seventh month , the Fire Star passes the meridian ;
In the 9th month , clothes are given out .
In the days of [our] first month , the wind blows cold ;
In the days of [our] second , the air is cold ; --
Without the clothes and garments of hair ,
How could we get to the end of the year ?
In the days of [our] third month , they take their ploughs in hand ;
In the days of [our] fourth , they take their way to the fields .
Along with my wife and children ,
I carry food to them in those south-lying acres .
The surveyor of the fields comes , and is glad .

In the seventh month , the Fire Star passes the meridian ;
In the ninth month , clothes are given out .
With the spring days the warmth begins ,
And the oriole utters its song .
The young women take their deep baskets ,
And go along the small paths ,
Looking for the tender [leaves of the] mulberry trees .
As the spring days lengthen out ,
They gather in crowds the white southernwood .
That young lady's heart is wounded with sadness ,
For she will [soon] be going with one of our princess as his wife .

In the seventh month , the Fire Star passes the meridian ;
In the eighth month are the sedges and reeds .
In the silkworm month they strip the mulberry branches of their leaves ,
And take their axes and hatchets ,
To lop off those that are distant and high ;
Only stripping the young trees of their leaves .
In the seventh month , the shrike is heard ;
In the eighth month , they begin their spinning ; --
They make dark fabrics and yellow .
Our red manufacture is very brilliant ,
It is for the lower robes of our young princes .

In the fourth month , the Small grass is in seed .
In the fifth , the cicada gives out its note .
In the eighth , they reap .
In the tenth , the leaves fall .
In the days of [our] first month , they go after badgers ,
And take foxes and wild cats ,
To make furs for our young princes .
In the days of [our] second month , they have a general hunt ,
And proceed to keep up the exercises of war .
The boars of one year are for themselves ;
Those of three years are for our prince .

In the fifth month , the locust moves its legs ;
In the sixth month , the spinner sounds its wings .
In the seventh month , in the fields ;
In the eighth month , under the eaves ;
In the ninth month , about the doors ;
In the tenth month , the cricket
Enters under our beds .
Chinks are filled up , and rats are smoked out ;
The windows that face [the north] are stopped up ;
And the doors are plastered .
' Ah ! our wives and children ,
' Changing the year requires this :
Enter here and dwell . '

In the sixth month they eat the sparrow-plums and grapes ;
In the seventh , they cook the Kui and pulse ,
In the eighth , they knock down the dates ;
In the tenth , they reap the rice ;
And make the spirits for the spring ,
For the benefit of the bushy eyebrows .
In the seventh month , they eat the melons ;
In the eighth , they cut down the bottle-gourds ;
In the ninth , they gather the hemp-seed ;
They gather the sowthistle and make firewood of the Fetid tree ;
To feed our husbandmen .

In the ninth month , they prepare the vegetable gardens for their stacks ,
And in the tenth they convey the sheaves to them ;
The millets , both the early sown and the late ,
With other grain , the hemp , the pulse , and the wheat .
' O my husbandmen ,
Our harvest is all collected .
Let us go to the town , and be at work on our houses .
In the day time collect the grass ,
And at night twist it into ropes ;
Then get up quickly on our roofs ; --
We shall have to recommence our sowing . '

In the days of [our] second month , they hew out the ice with harmonious blows ;
And in those of [our] third month , they convey it to the ice-houses ,
[Which they open] in those of the fourth , early in the morning ,
Having offered in sacrifice a lamb with scallions .
In the ninth month , it is cold , with frost ;
In the tenth month , they sweep clean their stack-sites .
The two bottles of spirits are enjoyed ,
And they say , ' Let us kill our lambs and sheep ,
And go to the hall of our prince ,
There raise the cup of rhinoceros horn ,
And wish him long life , -- that he may live for ever . '


155. 鸱鴞 CHI XIAO
鸱鴞鸱鴞、既取我子、无毁我室。
恩斯勤斯、鬻子之闵斯。

迨天之未阴雨、彻彼桑土、绸缪牖户。
今女下民、或敢侮予。

予手拮据、予所捋荼、予所蓄租、予口卒瘏、曰予未有室家。

予羽谯谯、予尾翛翛、予室翘翘、风雨所漂摇、予维音哓哓。

O owl , O owl ,
You have taken my young ones ; --
Do not [also] destroy my nest .
With love and with toil ,
I nourished them . -- I am to be pitied .

Before the sky was dark with rain ,
I gathered the roots of the mulberry tree ,
And bound round and round my window and door .
Now ye people below ,
Dare any of you despise my house ?

With my claws I tore and held .
Through the rushes which I gathered ,
And all the materials I collected ,
My mouth was all sore ; --
I said to myself , ' I have not yet got my house complete . '

My wings are all-injured ;
My tail is all-broken ;
My house is in a perilous condition ;
It is tossed about in the wind and rain : --
I can but cry out with this note of alarm .


156. 东山 DONG SHAN
我徂东山、慆慆不归。
我来自东、零雨其蒙。
我东曰归、我心西悲。
制彼裳衣、勿士行枚。
蜎蜎者蠋、烝在桑野。
敦彼独宿、亦在车下。

我徂东山、慆慆不归。
我来自东、零雨其蒙。
果臝之实、亦施于宇。
伊威在室、蠨蛸在户。
町曈鹿场、熠燿宵行。
不可畏也、伊可怀也。

我徂东山、慆慆不归。
我来自东、零雨其蒙。
鹳鸣于垤、妇叹于室。
洒扫穹窒、我征聿至。
有敦瓜苦、烝在栗薪。
自我不见、于今三年。

我徂东山、慆慆不归。
我来自东、零雨其蒙。
仓庚于飞、熠燿其羽。
之子于归、皇驳其马。
亲结其缡、九十其仪。
其新孔嘉、其旧如之何。

We went to the hills of the east ,
And long were we there without returning ,
When we came from the east ,
Down came the rain drizzlingly .
When we were in the east , and it was said we should return ,
Our hearts were in the west and sad ;
But there were they preparing our clothes for us ,
As to serve no more in the ranks with the gags .
Creeping about were the caterpillars ,
All over the mulberry grounds ;
And quietly and solitarily did we pass the night ,
Under our carriages .

We went to the hills of the east ,
And long were we there without returning ,
When we came from the east ,
Down came the rain drizzlingly .
The fruit of the heavenly gourd ,
Would be hanging about our eaves ;
The sowbug would be in our chambers ;
The spiders webs would be in our doors ;
Our paddocks would be deer-fields ;
The fitful light of the glow-worms would be all about .
These thoughts made us apprehensive ,
And they occupied our breasts .

We went to the hills of the east ,
And long were we there without returning ,
On our way back from the east ,
Down came the rain drizzlingly .
The cranes were crying on the ant-hills ;
Our wives were sighing in their rooms ;
They had sprinkled and swept , and stuffed up all the crevices .
Suddenly we arrived from the expedition ,
And there were the bitter gourds hanging ,
From the branches of the chestnut trees .
Since we had seen such a sight ,
Three years were now elapsed .

We went to the hills of the east ,
And long were we there without returning ,
On our way back from the east ,
Down came the rain drizzlingly .
The oriole is flying about ,
Now here , now there , are its wings .
Those young ladies are going to be married ,
With their bay and red horses , flecked with white .
Their mothers have tied their sashes ;
Complete are their equipments .
The new matches are admirable ; --
How can the reunions of the old be expressed ?


157. 破斧 PO FU
既破我斧、又缺我斨。
周公东征、四国是皇。
哀我人斯、亦孔之将。

既破我斧、又缺我錡。
周公东征、四国是吪。
哀我人斯、亦孔之嘉。

既破我斧、又缺我銶。
周公东征、四国是遒。
哀我人斯、亦孔之休。

We broke our axes ,
And we splintered our hatchets ;
But the object of the duke of Zhou , in marching to the east ,
Was to put the four States to rights .
His compassion for us people ,
Is very great .

We broke our axes ,
And we splintered our chisels ;
But the object of the duke of Zhou , in marching to the east ,
Was to reform the four States .
His compassion for us people ,
Is very admirable .

We broke our axes ,
And splintered our clubs .
But the object of the duke of Zhou , in marching to the east ,
Was to save the alliance of the four States .
His compassion for us people ,
Is very excellent .


158. 伐柯 FA KE
伐柯如何、匪斧不克。
取妻如何、匪媒不得。

伐柯伐柯、其则不远。
我觏之子、笾豆有践。

In hewing [the wood for] an axe-handle , how do you proceed ?
Without [another] axe it cannot be done .
In taking a wife , how do you proceed ?
Without a go-between it cannot be done .

In hewing an axe-handle , in hewing an axe-handle ,
The pattern is not far off .
I see the lady ,
And forthwith the vessels are arranged in rows .


159. 九罭 JIU YU
九罭之鱼、鳟鲂。
我觏之子、衮衣绣裳。

鸿飞遵渚、公归无所、於女信处。

鸿飞遵陆、公归不复、於女信宿。

是以有衮衣兮、无以我公归兮、无使我心悲兮。

In the net with its nine bags ,
Are rud and bream .
We see this prince ,
With his grand-ducal robe and embroidered skirt .

The wild geese fly [only] about the islets .
The duke is returning ; -- is it not to his proper place ?
He was stopping with you [and me] but for a couple of nights .

The wild geese fly about the land .
The duke is returning , and will not come back here ?
He was lodging with you [and me] but for a couple of nights .


160. 狼跋 LANG BA
狼跋其胡、载疐其尾。
公孙硕肤、赤舄几几。

狼疐其尾、载跋其胡。
公孙硕肤、德音不瑕。

The wolf springs forward on his dewlap ,
Or trips back on his tail .
The duke was humble , and greatly admirable ,
Self-composed in his red slippers .

The wolf springs forward on his dewlap ,
Or trips back on his tail .
The duke was humble , and greatly admirable ,
There is no flaw in his virtuous fame .


小雅
(MINOR ODES OF THE KINGDOM)
雅者、正也、正乐之歌也。其篇本有大小之殊、而先儒说又各有正变之别。以今考之、正小雅、燕飨之乐也、正大雅、会朝之乐、受厘陈戒之辞也。故或欢欣和说、以尽群下之情、或恭敬齐庄、以发先王之德、词气不同、音节亦异、多周公制作时所定也。及其变也、则事未必同、而各以其声附之。其次序时世、则有不可考者矣。
鹿鸣之什(DECADE OF LU MING)
161. 鹿鸣 LU MING
呦呦鹿鸣、食野之苹。
我有嘉宾、鼓瑟吹笙。
吹笙鼓簧、承筐是将。
人之好我、示我行周。

呦呦鹿鸣、食野之蒿。
我有嘉宾、德音孔昭。
视民不恌、君子是则是傚。
我有旨酒、嘉宾式燕以敖。

呦呦鹿鸣、食野之芩。
我有嘉宾、鼓瑟鼓琴。
鼓瑟鼓琴、和乐且湛。
我有旨酒、以嘉乐嘉宾之心。

With pleased sounds the deer call to one another ,
Eating the celery of the fields .
I have here admirable guests ;
The lutes are struck , and the organ is blown [for them] ; --
The organ is blown till its tongues are all moving .
The baskets of offerings [also] are presented to them .
The men love me ,
And will show me the perfect path .

With pleased sounds the deer call to one another ,
Eating the southernwood of the fields .
I have here admirable guests ;
Whose virtuous fame is grandly brilliant .
They show the people not to be mean ;
The officers have in them a pattern and model .
I have good wine ,
Which my admirable guests drink , enjoying themselves .

With pleased sounds the deer call to one another ,
Eating the salsola of the fields .
I have here admirable guests ;
For whom are struck the lutes , large and small .
The lutes , large and small , are struck ,
And our harmonious joy is long-continued .
I have good wine ,
To feast and make glad the hearts of my admirable guests .


162. 四牡 SI MU
四牡騑騑、周道倭迟。
岂不怀归、王事靡盬、我心伤悲。

四牡騑騑、嘽嘽骆马。
岂不怀归、王事靡盬、不遑启处。

翩翩者鵻、载飞载下、集于苞栩。
王事靡盬、不遑将父。

翩翩者鵻、载飞载止、集于苞杞。
王事靡盬、不遑将母。

驾彼四骆、载骤駸駸。
岂不怀归、是用作歌、将母来谂。

My four steeds advanced without stopping ;
The way from Zhou was winding and tedious .
Did I not have the wish to return ?
But the king's business was not to be slackly performed ;
And my heart was wounded with sadness .

My four steeds advanced without stopping ;
They panted and snorted , the white steeds black-maned .
Did I not have the wish to return ?
But the king's business was not to be slackly performed ;
And I had not leisure to kneel or to sit .

The Filial doves keep flying about ,
Now soaring aloft , and now descending ,
Collecting on the bushy oaks ;
But the king's business was not to be slackly performed ;
And I had not leisure to nourish my father .

The Filial doves keep flying about ,
Now flying , now stopping ,
Collecting on the bushy medlars ;
But the king's business was not to be slackly performed ;
And I had not leisure to nourish my mother .

I yoked my four white steeds , black-maned ;
They hurried away with speed .
[But] did I not wish to return ?
Therefore I make this song ,
Announcing my wish to nourish my mother .


163. 皇皇者华 HUANG HUANG ZHE HUA
皇皇者华、于彼原隰。
駪駪征夫、每怀靡及。

我马维驹、六辔如濡。
载驰载驱、周爰咨诹。

我马维骐、六辔如丝。
载驰载驱、周爰咨谋。

我马维骆、六辔沃若。
载驰载驱、周爰咨度。

我马维駰、六辔既均。
载驰载驱、周爰咨询。

Brilliant are the flowers ,
On those level heights and the low grounds.
Complete and alert is the messenger , with his suite ,
Ever anxious lest he should not succeed .

My horses are young ;
The six reins look as if they were moistened .
I gallop them , and urge them on ,
Everywhere pushing my inquiries .

My horses are piebald ;
The six reins are like silk .
I gallop them , and urge them on ,
Everywhere seeking information and counsel .

My horses are white and black-maned ;
The six reins look glossy .
I gallop them , and urge them on ,
Everywhere seeking information and advice .

My horses are grey ;
The six reins are well in hand .
I gallop them , and urge them on ,
Everywhere seeking information and suggestions .


164. 常棣 CHANG DI
常棣之华、鄂不韡韡。
凡今之人、莫如兄弟。

死丧之威、兄弟孔怀。
原隰裒矣、兄弟求矣。

脊今在原、兄弟急难。
每有良朋、况也永叹。

兄弟阋于墙、外御其务。
每有良朋、烝也无戎。

丧乱既平、既安且宁。
虽有兄弟、不如友生。

傧尔笾豆、饮酒之饫。
兄弟既具、和乐且孺。

妻子好合、如鼓瑟琴。
兄弟既翕、和乐且湛。

宜尔室家、乐尔妻帑。
是究是图、亶其然乎。

The flowers of the cherry tree --
Are they not gorgeously displayed ?
Of all the men in the world ,
There are none equal to brothers .

On the dreaded occasions of death and burial ,
It is brothers who greatly sympathize .
When fugitives are collected on the heights and low grounds ,
They are brothers who will seek one another out .

There is the wagtail on the level height ; --
When brothers are in urgent difficulties ,
Friends , though they may be good ,
Will [only] heave long sighs .

Brothers may quarrel inside the walls ,
But they will oppose insult from without ,
When friends , however good they may be ,
Will not afford help .

When death and disorder are past ,
And there are tranquillity and rest ;
Although they have brothers ,
[Some] reckon them not equal to friends .

Your dishes may be set in array ,
And you may drink to satiety ;
But it is when your brothers are all present ,
That you are harmonious and happy , with child-like joy .

Loving union with wife and children ,
Is like the music of lutes ;
But it is the accord of brothers ,
Which makes the harmony and happiness lasting .

For the ordering of your family ,
For your joy in yor wife and children ,
Examine this and study it ; --
Will you not find that it is truly so ?


165. 伐木 FA MU
伐木丁丁、鸟鸣嘤嘤。
出自幽谷、迁于乔木。
嘤其鸣矣、求其友声。
相彼鸟矣、犹求友声。
矧伊人矣、不求友生。
神之听之、终和且平。

伐木许许、酾酒有藇。
既有肥羜、以速诸父。
宁适不来、微我弗顾。
於粲洒扫、陈馈八簋。
既有肥牡、以速诸舅。
宁适不来、微我有咎。

伐木于阪、酾酒有衍。
笾豆有践、兄弟无远。
民之失德、乾餱以愆。
有酒湑我、无酒酤我。
坎坎鼓我、蹲蹲舞我。
迨我暇矣、饮此湑矣。

On the trees go the blows ding-ding ;
And the birds cry out ying-ying .
One issues from the dark valley ,
And removes to the lofty tree ,
While ying goes its cry ,
Seeking with its voice its companion .
Look at the bird ,
Bird as it is , seeking with its voice its companion ;
And shall a man ,
Not seek to have his friends ?
Spiritual beings will then hearken to him ;
He shall have harmony and peace .

Xu-xu they go , as they fell the trees .
I have strained off my spirits , till they are fine ,
And the fatted lambs are provided ,
To which to invite my paternal uncles .
It is better that something should keep them from coming ,
Than that I should not have regarded them .
Oh ! brightly I have sprinkled and swept my courtyard ,
And arranged my viands , with eight dishes of grain , along with my fatted meat ,
To which to invite my maternal uncles .
It is better that something should keep them from coming ,
Than that there should be blame attaching to me .

They fell down the trees along the hill-side .
I have strained off my spirits in abundance ;
The dishes stand in rows ,
And none of my brethren are absent .
The loss of kindly feeling among people ,
May arise from faults in the matter of dry provisions .
If I have spirits I strain them , do I ;
If I have no spirits , I buy them , do I ;
I make the drums beat , do I ;
I lead on the dance , do I .
Whenever we have leisure ,
Let us drink the sparkling spirits .


166. 天保 TIAN BAO
天保定尔、亦孔之固。
俾尔单厚、何福不除。
俾尔多益、以莫不庶。

天保定尔、俾尔戬谷。
罄无不宜、受天百禄。
降尔遐福、维日不足。

天保定尔、以莫不兴。
如山如阜、如冈如陵。
如川之方至、以莫不增。

吉蠲为饎、是用孝享。
禴祠烝尝、于公先王。
君曰卜尔、万寿无疆。

神之吊矣、诒尔多福。
民之质矣、日用饮食。
群黍百姓、边为尔德。

如月之恒、如日之升。
如南山之寿、不骞不崩。
如松伯之茂、无不尔或承。

Heaven protects and establishes thee ,
With the greatest securtiy ;
Makes thee entirely virtuous ,
That thou mayest enjoy every happiness ;
Grants thee much increase ,
So that thou hast all in abundance .

Heaven protects and establishes thee ,
It grants thee all excellence ,
So that thine every matter is right ,
And thou receivest every heavenly favour .
It sends down to thee long-during happiness ,
Which the days are not sufficient to enjoy .

Heaven protects and establishes thee ,
So that in every thing thou dost prosper ,
Like the high hills , and the mountain masses ,
Like the topmost ridges , and the greatest bulks ;
That , as the stream ever coming on ,
Such is thine increase .

With happy auspices and purifications , thou bringest the offerings ,
And dost filially present them ;
In spring , summer , autumn , and winter ,
To the dukes and former kings ,
Who says , ' We give to thee ,
Myriad of years of duration unlimited . '

The spirits come ,
And confer on thee many blessings .
The people are simple and honest ,
Daily enjoying their meat and drink .
All the black-haired race , in all their surnames ,
Universally practise your virtue .

Like the moon advancing to the full ,
Like the sun ascending the heavens ,
Like the age of the southern hills ,
Never waning , never falling ,
Like the luxuriance of the fir and the cypress ; --
May such be thy succeeding line !


167. 采薇 CAI WEI
采薇采薇、薇亦作止。
曰归曰归、岁亦莫止。
靡室靡家、玁狁之故。
不遑启居、玁狁之故。

采薇采薇、薇亦柔止。
曰归曰归、心亦忧止。
忧心烈烈、载饥载渴。
我戌未定、靡使归聘。

采薇采薇、薇亦刚止。
曰归曰归、岁亦阳止。
王事靡盬、不遑启处。
忧心孔疚、我行不来。

驾彼四牡、四牡騤騤。
君子所依、小人所腓。
四牡翼翼、象弭鱼服。
岂不日戒、玁狁孔亟。

彼尔维何、维常之华。
彼路斯何、君子之车。
戎车既驾、四牡业业。
岂敢定居、一月三捷。

驾彼四牡、四牡騤騤。
君子所依、小人所腓。
四牡翼翼、象弭鱼服。
岂不日戒、玁狁孔亟。

昔我往矣、杨柳依依。
今我来思、雨雪靡靡。
行道迟迟、载渴载饥。
我心伤悲、莫知我哀。

Let us gather the thorn-ferns , let us gather the thorn-ferns ;
The thorn-ferns are now springing up .
When shall we return ? When shall we return ?
It will be late in the [next] year .
Wife and husband will be separated ,
Because of the Xian-yun .
We shall have no leisure to rest ,
Because of the Xian-yun .

Let us gather the thorn-ferns , let us gather the thorn-ferns ;
The thorn-ferns are now tender .
When shall we return ? When shall we return ?
Our hearts are sorrowful ;
Our hearts are sad and sorrowful ;
We shall hunger , we shall thirst .
While our service on guard is not finished ,
We can send no one home to enquire about our families .

Let us gather the thorn-ferns , let us gather the thorn-ferns ;
The thorn-ferns are now hard .
When shall we return ? When shall we return ?
The year will be in the tenth month .
But the king's business must not be slackly performed ;
We shall have no leisure to rest .
Our sorrowing hearts are in great distress ;
But we shall not return from our expedition .

What is that so gorgeous ?
It is the flowers of the cherry tree .
What carriage is that ?
It is the carriage of our general .
His war carriage is yoked ;
The four steeds are strong .
Dare we remain inactive ?
In one month we shall have three victories .

The four steeds are yoked ,
The four steeds , eager and strong ; --
The confidence of the general ,
The protection of the men .
The four steeds move regularly , like wings ; --
There are the bow with its ivory ends , and the seal-skin quiver .
Shall we not daily warn one another ?
The business of the Xian-yun is very urgent .

At first , when we set out ,
The willows were fresh and green ;
Now , when we shall be returning ,
The snow will be falling in clouds .
Long and tedious will be our marching ;
We shall hunger ; we shall thirst .
Our hearts are wounded with grief ,
And no one knows our sadness .


168. 出车 CHU CHE
我出我车、于彼牧矣。
自天子所、谓我来矣。
召彼仆夫、谓之载矣。
王事多难、维其棘矣。

我出我车、于彼郊矣。
设此旐矣、建彼旄矣。
彼旟旐斯、胡不旆旆。
忧心悄悄、仆夫况瘁。

王命南仲、往城于方。
出车彭彭、旗旐央央。
天子命我、城彼朔方。
赫赫南仲、玁狁于襄。

昔我往矣、黍稷方华。
今我来思、雨雪载涂。
王事多难、不遑启居。
岂不怀归、畏此简书。

喓喓草虫、趯趯阜螽。
未见君子、忧心忡忡。
既见君子、我心则降。
赫赫南仲、薄伐西戎。

春日迟迟、卉木萋萋。
仓庚喈喈、采蘩祁祁。
执讯获丑、薄言还归。
赫赫南仲、玁狁于夷。

We proceeded with our carriage ,
To those pasture grounds .
' From the place of the son of Heaven ,
Came an order to me to march , ' [said the general] .
So he called his carriage-officers,
And told them to get the carriages all ready .
' The king's business , ' [said he] , ' is surrounded with difficulties ;
We must use despatch . '

We proceeded with our carriage ,
To that suburban region .
The banner with tortoises and serpents was raised ,
And the ox-tails set up at the top of its staff ;
Did not it and the falcon banner ,
Fly about grandly ?
The [general's] heart was anxious and sad ,
And the carriage-officers appeared full of care .

The king charged Nan Zhong ,
To go and build a wall in the [disturbed] region .
How numerous were his chariots !
How splendid his dragon , his tortoise and serpent flags !
The son of Heaven had charged us ,
To build a wall in that northern region .
Awe-inspiring was Nan Zhong ;
The Xian-yun were sure to be swept away !

When we were marching at first ,
The millets were in flower .
Now that we are returning ,
The snow falls , and the roads are all mire .
The king's business was not to be slackly performed ,
And we had not leisure to rest .
Did we not long to return ?
But we were in awe of the orders in the tablets .

' Yao-yao go the grass-insects ,
And the hoppers leap about .
While we do not see our husbands ,
Our hearts must be full of grief .
Let us but see our husbands ,
And our hearts will be at rest . '
The awe-inspiring Nan Zhong ,
Is smiting the Rong of the west .

The spring-days are lengthening out ;
The plants and trees grow full of verdure ;
The oriole's cry comes jie-jie ;
[Our wives] go in crowds to gather the white southernwood .
With our prisoners for the question and our captive crowd ,
We return .
Awe-inspiring is Nan zhong ;
The Xian-yun are pacified .


169. 杕杜 DI DU
有杕之杜、有睆其实。
王事靡盬、继嗣我日。
日月阳止、女心伤止、征夫遑止。

有杕之杜、其叶萋萋。
王事靡盬、我心伤悲。
卉木萋止、女心悲止、征夫归止。

陟彼北山、言采其杞。
王事靡盬、忧我父母。
檀车幝幝、四牡痯痯、征夫不远。

匪载匪来、忧心孔疚。
期逝不至、而多为恤。
卜筮偕止、会言近止、征夫迩止。

Solitary stands the russet pear tree ,
With its fruit so bright .
The king's business must not be slackly performed ,
And the days are prolonged with us one after another .
The sun and moon are in the tenth month .
My woman's heart is wounded ;
My soldier might have leisure [to return] !

Solitary stands the russet pear tree ,
With its leaves so luxuriant .
The king's business must not be slackly performed ,
And my heart is wounded and sad .
The plants and trees are luxuriant ,
But my heart is sad .
O that my soldier might return !

I ascended that hill in the north ,
To gather the medlars .
The king's business must not be slackly performed ,
And our parents are made sorrowful .
His chariot of sandal wood must be damaged ;
His four horses must be worn out ;
My soldier cannot be far off .

They have not packed up , they do not come ;
My sorrowing heart is greatly distressed .
The time is past , and he is not here ,
To the multiplication of my sorrows .
Both by the tortoise shell and the reeds have I divined ,
And they unite in saying he is near .
My soldier is at hand !


南陔(NAN GAI)
笙诗无辞

白华之什(DECADE OF BAIHUA)
白华(BAI HUA)
笙诗无辞


华黍(HUA SHU)
笙诗无辞


170. 鱼丽 YU LI
鱼丽于罶、鱨鲨。
君子有酒、旨且多。

鱼丽于罶、鲂鳢。
君子有酒、多且旨。

鱼丽于罶、鰋鲤。
君子有酒、旨且有。

物其多矣、维其嘉矣。

物其旨矣、维其偕矣。

物其有矣、维其时矣。

The fish pass into the basket ,
Yellow-jaws and sand-blowers .
Our host has spirits ,
Good and abundance of them .

The fish pass into the basket ,
Bream and tench .
Our host has spirits ,
Abundance of them and good .

The fish pass into the basket ,
Mud-fish and carp .
Our host has spirits ,
Good and in quantities .

The viands are abundant ,
And they are admirable .

The viands are excellent ,
Both from the land and the sea .

The viands are in quantities ,
And all in season .


由庚(YOU GENG)
笙诗无辞。


171. 南有嘉鱼 NAN YOU JIA YU
南有嘉鱼、烝然罩罩。
君子有酒、嘉宾式燕以乐。

南有嘉鱼、烝然汕汕。
君子有酒、嘉宾式燕以衎。

南有樛木、 甘瓠累之。
君子有酒、嘉宾式燕绥之。

翩翩者鵻、烝然来思。
君子有酒、嘉宾式燕又思。

In the south is the barbel ,
And , in multitudes , they are taken under baskets .
The host has spirits ,
On which his admirable quests feast with him joyfully .

In the south is the barbel ,
And , in multitudes , they are taken with wicker nets .
The host has spirits ,
On which his admirable quests feast with him , delighted .

In the south are trees with curved drooping branches ,
And the sweet gourds cling to them .
The host has spirits ,
On which his admirable quests feast with him cheerfully .

The Filial doves keep flying about ,
Coming in multitudes .
The host has spirits ,
On which his admirable quests feast with him again and again .


崇丘(CHONG QIU)
笙诗无辞


172. 南山有台 NAN SHAN YOU TAI
南山有台、北山有莱。
乐只君子、邦家之基。
乐只君子、万寿无期。

南山有桑、北山有杨。
乐只君子、邦家之光。
乐只君子、万寿无疆。

南山有杞、北山有李。
乐只君子、民之父母。
乐只君子、德音不已。

南山有栲、北山有杻。
乐只君子、遐不眉寿。
乐只君子、德音是茂。

南山有枸、北山有楰。
乐只君子、遐不黄耇。
乐只君子、保艾尔後。

On the hills of the south is the Tai plant ,
On those of the north is the Lai .
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ,
The foundations of the State .
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ; --
May your years be myriads and without end !

On the hills of the south are the mulberry trees ,
On those of the north are willows .
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ,
The light of the State .
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ; --
May your years be myriads , unlimited !

On the hills of the south are medlars ;
On those of the north are plum trees .
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ,
Parents of the people .
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ; --
May your virtuous fame have no end !

On the hills of the south is the Kao ;
On those of the north is the Niu .
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ,
Have ye not the eyebrows of longevity ?
To be rejoiced in are ye , noble men ; --
May your virtuous fame be abundant !

On the hills of the south is the Ju ;
On those of the north is the Yu .
To be rejoiced in are ye , gentlemen ; --
Will ye not have the grey hair and wrinkled face ?
To be rejoiced in are ye , gentlemen ; --
May ye preserve and maintain your posterity !


由仪(YOU YI)
无辞


173. 蓼萧 LIAO XIAO
蓼彼萧斯、零露湑兮。
既见君子、我心写兮。
燕笑语兮、是以有誉处兮。

蓼彼萧斯、零露瀼瀼。
既见君子、为龙为光。
其德不爽、寿考不忘。

蓼彼萧斯、零露泥泥。
既见君子、孔燕岂弟。
宜兄宜弟、令德寿岂。

蓼彼萧斯、零露浓浓。
既见君子、鞗革冲冲。
和鸾雝雝、万福攸同。

How long grows the southernwood ,
With the dew lying on it so bright !
Now that I see my noble men ,
My heart is entirely satisfied .
As we feast , we laugh and talk ; --
It is right they should have fame and prosperity !

How long grows the southernwood ,
With the dew lying on it so abundantly !
Now that I see my noble men ,
I appreciate their favour and their brightness .
Their virtue is without taint of error ; --
May they live long , and not be forgotten !

How high is the southernwood ,
All wet with the fallen dew !
Now that I see my noble men ,
Grandly we feast , delighted and complacent .
May their relations with their brothers be right !
May they be happy in their excellent virtue to old age !

How high is the southernwood ,
With the dew lying on it so richly !
I have seen my noble men ,
With the ends of their reins hanging down ,
With the bells tinkling on their cross-boards and bits .
May all happiness gather upon them .


174. 湛露 ZHAN LU
湛湛露斯、匪阳不曦。
厌厌夜饮、不醉无归。

湛湛露斯、在彼丰草。
厌厌夜饮、在宗载考。

湛湛露斯、在彼杞棘。
显允君子、莫不令德。

其实其椅、其实离离。
岂弟君子、莫不令仪。

Heavy lies the dew ;
Nothing but the sun can dry it .
Happily and long into the night we drink ; --
Till all are drunk , there is no retiring .

Heavy lies the dew ;
On that luxuriant grass .
Happily and long into the night we drin .
In the honoured apartment we complete our carousal .

Heavy lies the dew ;
On those willows and jujube trees .
Distinguished and true are my noble quests , --
Every one of excellent virtue .

From the Tong and the Yi ,
Their fruit hangs down .
Happy and self-possessed are my noble quests , --
Every one of them of excellent deportment .

彤弓之什(DECADE OF TONG GONG)
175. 彤弓
彤弓弨兮、受言藏之。
我有嘉宾、中心贶之。
钟鼓既设、一朝飨之。

彤弓弨兮、受言载之。
我有嘉宾、中心喜之。
钟鼓既设、一朝右之。

彤弓弨兮、受言櫜之。
我有嘉宾、中心好之。
钟鼓既设、一朝酬之。


175. TONG GONG
The red bows unbent ,
Were received and deposited .
I have here an admirable quest ,
And with all my heart I bestow one on him .
The bells and drums have been arranged in order ,
And all morning will I feast him .

The red bows unbent ,
Were received and fitted on their frames .
I have here an admirable quest ,
And with all my heart I rejoice in him .
The bells and drums have been arranged in order ,
And all morning will I honour him .

The red bows unbent ,
Were received and placed in their cases .
I have here an admirable quest ,
And with all my heart I love him .
The bells and drums have been arranged in order ,
And all morning will I pledge him .


176. 菁菁者莪 JING JING ZHE E
菁菁者莪、在彼中阿。
既见君子、乐且有仪。

菁菁者莪、在彼中沚。
既见君子、我心则喜。

菁菁者莪、在彼中陵。
既见君子、锡我百朋。

泛泛杨舟、载沉载浮。
既见君子、我心则休。

Luxuriantly grows the aster-southernwood ,
In the midst of that large mound .
Since we see our noble lord ,
We rejoice , and he shows us all courtesy .

Luxuriantly grows the aster-southernwood ,
In the midst of that islet .
Since we see our noble lord ,
Our hearts are full of joy .

Luxuriantly grows the aster-southernwood ,
In the midst of that great height .
We see our noble lord ,
And he gives us a hundred sets of cowries .

It floats about , -- the willow boat ,
Now sinking , now rising again .
Since we see our noble lord ,
Our hearts are at rest .


177. 六月 LIU YUE
六月栖栖、戎车既饬。
四牡騤騤、载是常服。
玁狁孔炽、我是用急。
王于出征、以匡王国。

比物四骊、闲之维则。
维此六月、既成我服。
我服既成、于三十里。
王于出征、以佐天子。

四牡修广、其大有顒。
薄伐玁狁、以奏肤公。
有严有翼、共武之服。
共武之服、以定王国。

玁狁匪茹、整居焦获。
侵镐及方、至于泾阳。
织文鸟章、白旆央央。
元戎十乘、以先启行。

戎车既安、如轾如轩。
四牡既佶、既佶且闲。
薄伐玁狁、至于大原。
文武吉甫、万邦为宪。

吉甫燕喜、既多受祉。
来归自镐、我行永久。
饮御诸友、炰鳖脍鲤。
侯谁在矣、张仲孝友。

In the sixth month all was bustle and excitement .
The war carriages had been made ready ,
With the four steeds [of each] , strong and eager ;
And the regular accountrements had been placed in the carriages .
The Xian-yun were in blazing force ,
And thence was the urgency .
The king had ordered ther expedition ,
To deliver the royal kingdom .

Matched in strength were the four black steeds ,
Well trained to observe every rule .
On this sixth month ,
We completed our accountrements .
Our accountrements were completed ,
And we marched thirty Li [every day] .
The king had ordered ther expedition ,
To help the son of Heaven .

The four steeds were long , and stout ,
And large-headed .
We smote the Xian-yun ,
And achieved great merit .
Severely strict and careful [was our leader] ,
Discharging his military service , --
Discharging his military service ,
And settling thereby the royal kingdom .

Badly reckoned the Xian-yun ,
When they confidently occupied Jiao and Huo ,
And overran Hao and Fang ,
As far as to the north of the Jing .
On our flags was their blazonry of birds ,
While their white streamers fluttered brightly .
Ten large war chariots ,
Led the way in front .

The war carriages were well made .
Nicely balanced , before and behind .
Their four steeds were strong ,
Both strong and well trained .
We smote the Xian-yun ,
As far as Tai-yuan .
For peace or for war fit is Ji-fu ,
A pattern to all the States .

Ji-fu feasts and is glad ;
Great happiness is his .
In returning from Hao ,
Distant and long had been our march .
He entertains and feasts his friends ,
With roast turtle and minced carp .
And who are there ?
There is Zhang Zhong , the filial and brotherly .


178. 采芑 CAI QI
薄言采芑、于彼新田、于此菑亩。
方叔莅止、其车三千、师干之试。
方叔率止、乘其四骐、四骐翼翼。
路车有奭、簟笰鱼服、钩膺鞗革。

薄言采芑、于彼新田、于此中乡。
方叔莅止、其车三千、旗旐央央。
方叔率止、约軝错衡、八鸾瑲瑲。
服其命服、朱芾斯皇、有瑲葱珩。

鴥彼飞隼、其飞戾天、亦集爰止。
方叔莅止、其车三千、师干之试。
方叔率止、钲人伐鼓、陈师鞠旅。
显允方叔、伐鼓渊渊、振旅阗阗。

蠢尔蛮荆、大邦为雠。
方叔元老、克壮其犹。
方叔率止、执讯获丑。
戎车嘽嘽、嘽嘽焞焞、如霆如雷。
显允方叔、征伐玁狁、蛮荆来威。

They were gathering the white millet ,
In those new fields ,
And in these acres brought only one year under cultivation ,
When Fang Shu came to take the command .
His chariots were three thousand ,
With a host of well-disciplined warriors .
Fang Shu led them on ,
In his carriage drawn by four piebalds ,
Four piebalds orderly moving .
Red shone his grand carriage ,
With its chequered bamboo screen , and seal-skin quivers ,
With the hooks for the trappings of the breast-bands , and the rein-ends .

They were gathering the white millet ,
In those new fields ,
And all about these villages ,
When Fang Shu came to take the command .
His chariots were three thousand ;
His banners , with their blazonry of dragons , and of serpents and tortoises , f luttered gaily .
Fang Shu led them on ,
The naves of his wheels bound with leather , and his yoke ornamented .
Tinkle-tinkle went the eight bells at the horses' bits .
He wore the robes conferred [by the king] ;
His red knee-covers were resplendent ,
And the gems of his girdle-pendant sounding .

Rapid is the flight of the hawk ,
Soaring to the heavens ,
And again descending and settling in its place .
Fang Shu came to take the command .
His chariots were three thousand ,
With a host of well disciplined warriors .
Fang Shu led them on .
With his jinglers and drummers ,
He marshalled his hosts and addressed them .
Intelligent and true is Fang Shu ,
Deep rolled the sound of his drums ;
With a lighter sound he led the troops back .

Foolish were the savage tribes of King ,
Presuming to oppose our great region .
Fang Shu is of great age ,
But full of vigour were his plans .
He led his army on ,
Seized [the chiefs] for the question , and made captives of a crowd [besides] .< br> Numerous were his war chariots ,
Numerous and in grand array ,
Like the clap or the roll of thunder their onset .
Intelligent and true is Fang Shu .
He had gone and smitten the Xian-yun ,
And the tribes of King came , awed by his majesty .


179. 车攻 CHE GONG
我车既攻、我马既同。
四牡庞庞、驾言徂东。

田车既好、四牡孔阜。
东有甫草、驾言行狩。

之子于苗、选徒嚣嚣。
建旐设旄、搏兽于敖。

驾彼四牡、四牡奕奕。
赤芾金舄、会同有绎。

决拾既佽、弓矢既调。
射夫既同、助我举柴。

四黄既驾、两骖不猗。
不失其驰、舍矢如破。

萧萧马鸣、悠悠旆旌。
徒御不惊、大庖不盈。

之子于征、有闻无声。
允矣君子、展也大成。

Our chariots were strong ,
Our horses were well matched ,
And with four steeds [for each] , sleek and large ,
We yoked and proceeded to the east .

Our hunting carriages were good ,
And their four steeds in fine condition .
Eastwards were the grassy plains of Fu ; --
We yoked and went there to hunt .

Of the officers in charge of the hunt ,
The voices resounded as they told off the men .
They set up the banners , with ox-tails displayed ,
And we proceeded to pursue the chase in Ao .

With their four-horsed chariots [they came] ,
Forming a long train ,
In their red knee-covers and gold-adorned slippers ,
Like the crowd of an occasional or a general audience .

The bowstring thimbles and armlets were fitted on ;
The bows and arrows were adjusted to one another ;
The archers acted in unison ,
Helping us to rear a pile of game .

Of the four yellow horses of each chariot ,
The two outsiders inclined not to either side .
No error in driving was committed ,
And the arrows went forth like downright blows .

As if at their ease , the horses neighed ,
Long and slow moved the line of pennons and banners ;
The footmen and charioteers created no alarms ;
The great kitchen did not claim its full complement .

So did the officers conduct this expedition ,
Without any clamour in the noise of it .
Truly a princely man is [the king] ;
Great indeed are his achievements !


180. 吉日 JI RI
吉日维戊、既伯既祷。
田车既好、四牡孔阜。
升彼大阜、从其群丑。

吉日庚午、既差我马。
兽之所同、麀鹿麌麌。
漆沮子从、天子之所。

瞻彼中原、其祁孔有。
儦儦俟俟、或群或友。
悉率左右、以燕天子。

既张我弓、既挟我矢。
发彼小豝、殪此大兕。
以御宾客、且以酌醴。

A lucky day was wu ,
And we sacrificed on it to the Ruler [of horses] , and prayed .
Our hunting carriages were good ;
The team for each was in fine condition .
We would ascend the greatest heights ,
And pursue the herds [of the game] .

A lucky day was geng-wu .
We had selected our horses ;
The haunts of the animals ,
Where the does and stags lay numerous ,
The grounds by the Qi and the Ju , --
That was the place for the son of Heaven [to hunt] .

We looked to the midst of the plain ,
Where the animals were large and abundant ,
Now rushing about , now waiting together ,
Here in threes , there in twos .
We led on all our attendants ,
To give pleasure to the son of Heaven .

We have bent our bows ;
We have our arrows on the string .
Here is a small boar transifixed ;
There is a large rhinoceros killed .
The spoil will be presented to the visitors and guests ,
Along with the cup of sweet wine .


181. 鸿雁 HONG YAN
鸿雁于飞、肃肃其羽。
之子于征、劬劳于野。
爰及矜人、哀此鳏寡。

鸿雁于飞、集于中泽。
之子于垣、百堵皆作。
虽则劬劳、其究安宅。

鸿雁于飞、哀鸣嗷嗷。
维此哲人、谓我劬劳。
维彼愚人、谓我宣骄。

The wild geese are flying about ;
Su-su goes the rustle of their wings .
[There were] those officers engaged on the commission .
Pained were we and toiled in the open fields ;
All were objects of pity ,
But alas for those wifeless and widows !

The wild geese are flying about ;
And they settle in the midst of the marsh .
[There were] those officers directing the rearing of the walls ; --
Five thousand cubits of them arose at once .
Though there was pain and toil ,
In the end we had rest in our dwellings .

The wild geese are flying about ,
And melancholy is their cry of ao-ao .
There were they , wise men ,
Who recognized our pain and toil ;
If they had been stupid men ,
They would have said we were proclaiming our insolence .


182. 庭燎 TING LIAO
夜如何其、夜未央、庭燎之光。
君子至止、鸾声将将。

夜如何其、夜未艾、庭燎晢晢。
君子至止、鸾声哕哕。

夜如何其、夜乡晨、庭燎有辉。
君子至止、言观其旗。

How goes the night ?
It is not yet midnight .
The torch is blazing in the court-yard .
My princely men are arriving ; --
There is the tinkling of their bells .

How goes the night ?
The night is not yet through .
The torch is growing pale in the court-yard .
My princely men are arriving ; --
There is the sound of their bells , regular and near .

How goes the night ?
It is getting towards morning .
The torch is smoking in the court-yard .
My princely men are arriving ; --
I see their banners .


183. 沔水 MIAN SHUI
沔彼流谁、朝宗于海。
鴥彼飞隼、载飞载止。
嗟我兄弟、邦人诸友、莫肯念乱、谁无父母。

沔彼流水、其流汤汤。
鴥彼飞隼、载飞载扬。
念彼不蹟、载起载行。
心之忧矣、不可弭忘。

鴥彼飞隼、率彼中陵。
民之讹言、宁莫之惩。
我友敬矣、谗言其兴。

In large volume , those flowing waters ,
Go to the court of the sea .
Rapid is that flying falcon ,
Now soaring , now resting .
Alas ! among my brethren ,
My countrymen , my friends ,
No one is willing to think of the prevailing disorder ;
[But] who has not parents [to suffer from it] ?

In large volume , those flowing waters ,
Roll on their swollen flood .
Rapid is that flying falcon ,
Now soaring , now rising higher .
When I think of those lawless men ,
Now I rise up , now I walk about .
The sorrow of my heart ,
Cannot be repressed nor forgotten .

Rapid is that flying falcon ,
Yet he keeps along the middle of the height .
The talk of the people , --
Is there no means of stopping it ?
If my friends would reverently [watch over themselves] ,
Would slanderous speeches be made ?


184. 鹤鸣 HE MING
鹤鸣于九皋、声闻于野。
鱼潜在渊、或在于渚。
乐彼之园、爰有树檀、其下维蘀。
它山之石、可以为错。

鹤鸣于九皋、声闻于天。
鱼在于渚、或潜在渊。
乐彼之园、爰有树檀、其下维?c。
它山之石、可以攻玉。

The crane cries in the ninth pool of the marsh ,
And her voice is heard in the [distant] wilds .
The fish lies in the deep ,
And now is by the islet .
Pleasant is that garden ,
In which are the sandal trees ;
But beneath them are only withered leaves .
The stones of those hills ,
May be made into grind-stones .

The crane cries in the ninth pool of the marsh ,
And her voice is heard in the sky .
The fish is by the islet ,
And now it lies hid in the deep .
Pleasant is that garden ,
In which are the sandal trees ;
But beneath them is the paper-mulberry tree ,
The stones of those hills ,
May be used to polish gems .

祈父之什(DECADE OF QI FU)
185. 祈父 QI FU
祈父、予王之爪牙。
胡转予于恤、靡所止居。

祈父、予王之爪士。
胡转予于恤、靡所底止。

祈父、亶不聪。
胡转予于恤、有母之尸饔。

Minister of war ,
We are the claws and teeth of the king .
Why have you rolled us into this sorrow ,
So that we have no abiding place ?

Minister of war ,
We are the taloned soldiers of the king .
Why have you rolled us into this sorrow ,
So that there is no end [of our toils] ?

Minister of war ,
You have indeed acted without discrimination .
Why have you rolled us into this sorrow ,
So that our mothers have to do all the labour of cooking ?


186. 白驹 BAI JU
皎皎白驹、食我场苗。
絷之维之、以永今朝。
所谓伊人、於焉逍遥。

皎皎白驹、食我场藿。
絷之维之、以永今夕。
所谓伊人、於焉嘉客。

皎皎白驹、贲然来思。
尔公尔侯、逸豫无期。
慎尔优游、勉尔遁思。

皎皎白驹、在彼空谷。
生刍一束、其人如玉。
毋金玉尔音、而有遐心。

Let the brilliant white colt ,
Feed on the young growth of my vegetable garden .
Tether it by the foot , tie it by the collar ,
To prolong this morning .
So may its owner of whom I think ,
Spend his time here at his ease !

Let the brilliant white colt ,
Feed on the bean sprouts of my vegetable garden .
Tether it by the foot , tie it by the collar ,
To prolong this evening .
So may its owner of whom I think ,
Be here , an admired quest !

If [you with] the brilliant white colt ,
Would brightly come to me ,
You should be a duke , you should be a marquis ,
Enjoying yourself without end .
Be on your guard against idly wandering ;
Deal vigorously with your thoughts of retirement .

The brilliant white colt ,
Is there in that empty valley ,
With a bundle of fresh grass .
Its owner is like a gem .
Do not make the news of you rare as gold and gems , --
Indulging your purpose to abandon me .


187. 黄鸟 HUANG NIAO
黄鸟黄鸟。
无集于谷。
无啄无粟。
此邦之人。
不我肯谷。
言旋言归。
复我邦族。

黄鸟黄鸟。
无集于桑。
无啄我粱。
此邦之人。
不可与明。
言旋言归。
复我诸兄。

黄鸟黄鸟。
无集于栩。
无啄我黍。
此邦之人。
不可与处。
言旋言归。
复我诸父。

Yellow bird , yellow bird ,
Do not settle on the broussonetias ,
Do not eat my paddy .
The people of this country ,
Are not willing to treat me well .
I will return , I will go back ,
Back to my country and kin .

Yellow bird , yellow bird ,
Do not settle on the mulberry trees ,
Do not eat my maize .
The people of this country ,
Will not let me come to an understanding with them .
I will return , I will go back ,
Back to my brethren .

Yellow bird , yellow bird ,
Do not settle on the oaks ,
Do not eat my grand millet .
The people of this country ,
I cannot dwell with .
I will return , I will go back ,
Back to my uncles .


188. 我行其野 WO XING QI YE
我行其野、蔽芾其樗。
婚姻之故、言就尔居。
尔不我畜、复我邦家。

我行其野、言采其蓫。
婚姻之故、言就尔宿。
尔不我畜、言归思复。

我行其野、言采其葍。
不思旧姻、求尔新特。
成不以富、亦只以异。

I travelled through the country ,
Where the Fetid tree grew luxuriant .
Because of our affinity by marriage ,
I went to reside with you .
But you do not entertain me ;
And I go back to my country and clan .

I travelled through the country ,
Gathering the sheep's-foot .
Because of our affinity by marriage ,
I came to lodge with you .
But you do not entertain me ;
And I will return , I will go back .

I travelled through the country ,
Gathering the pokeweed .
You do not think of our old affinity ,
And seek to please your new relative .
If indeed you are not influenced by her riches ,
You still are so by the difference [between the new and the old] .


189. 斯干 SI GAN
秩秩斯干、幽幽南山。
如竹苞矣、如松茂矣。
兄及弟矣、式相好矣、无相犹矣。

似续妣祖、筑室百堵、西南其户。
爰居爰处、爰笑爰语。

约之阁阁、椓之橐橐。
风雨攸除、鸟鼠攸去、君子攸芋。

如跂斯翼、如矢斯棘、如鸟斯革。
如翬斯飞、君子攸跻。

殖殖其庭、有觉其楹、哙哙其正、哕哕其冥、君子攸宁。

下莞上簟、乃安斯寝。
乃寝乃兴、乃占我梦。
吉梦维何、维熊维罴、 维虺维蛇。

大人占之。
维熊维罴、男子之祥。
维虺维蛇、女子之祥。

乃生男子、载寝之床、载衣之裳、载弄之璋。
其泣喤喤、朱芾斯皇、室家君王。

乃生女子、载寝之地、载衣之裼、 载弄之瓦。
无非无仪、唯酒食是议、无父母诒罹。

By the graceful sweep of these banks ,
With the southern hill , so calm in the distance ,
[Has the palace arisen] , firm as the roots of a clump of bamboos ,
[With its roof] like the luxuriant head of a pine tree .
May the brothers [here] ,
Be loving among themselves ,
And have no schemings against one another !

Having entered into the inheritance of his ancestors ,
He has built his chambers , five thousand cubits of walls ,
With their doors to the west and to the south .
Here will he reside ; here will he sit ;
Here will he laugh ; here will he talk .

They bound the frames for the earth , exactly over one another ;
Tuo-tuo went on the pounding ; --
Impervious [the walls] to wind and rain ,
Offering no cranny to bird or rat .
A grand dwelling is it for our noble lord .

Like a man on tip-toe , in reverent expectation ;
Like an arrow , flying rapidly ;
Like a bird which has changed its feathers ;
Like a pheasant on flying wings ;
Is the [hall] which our noble lord will ascend .

Level and smooth is the court-yard ,
And lofty are the pillars around it .
Pleasant is the exposure of the chamber to the light ,
And deep and wide are its recesses ; --
Here will our noble lord repose .

On the rush-mat below , and that of fine bamboos above it ,
Here may he repose in slumber !
May he sleep and awake ,
[Saying] ' Divine for me my dreams .
What dreams are lucky ?
They have been of bears and grisly bears ;
They have been of cobras and [other] serpents . '

The chief diviner will divine them .
The bears and grisly bears ,
Are the auspicious intimations of sons .
The cobras and [other] serpents ,
Are the auspicious intimations of daughters .

Sons shall be born to him : --
They will be put to sleep on couches ;
They will be clothed in robes ;
They will have sceptres to play with ;
Their cry will be loud .
They will be [hereafter] resplendent with red knee-covers ,
The [future] king , the princes of the land .

Daughters shall be born to him : --
They will be put to sleep on the ground ;
They will be clothed with wrappers ;
They will have tiles to play with .
It will be theirs neither to do wrong nor to do good .
Only about the spirits and the food will they have to think ,
And to cause no sorrow to their parents .


190. 无羊 WU YANG
谁谓尔无羊、三百维群。
谁谓尔无牛、九十其犉。
尔羊来思、其角濈濈。
尔牛来思、其耳湿湿。

或降于阿、或饮于池、或寝于讹。
尔牧来思、何蓑何笠、或负其餱。
三十维物、尔牲则具。

尔牧来思、以薪以蒸、以雌以雄。
尔羊来思、矜矜兢兢、不骞不崩。
麾之以肱、毕来既升。

牧人乃梦、众维鱼矣、旐维旟矣。
大人占之、众维鱼矣、实维丰年。
旐维旟矣、室家溱溱。

Who can say that you have no sheep ?
There are three hundred in [each] herd .
Who says that you have no cattle ?
There are ninety , which are black-lipped .
Your sheep come ,
Horned , but all agreeing .
Your cattle come ,
Flapping their ears .

Some are descending among the mounds ;
Some are drinking at the pools ;
Some are lying down , some are moving about .
Your herdsmen come ,
Bearing their rain-coats and bamboo-hats ,
Or carrying on their backs their provisions .
In thirties are the creatures arranged according to their colours ;
For your victims there is abundant provision .

Your herdsmen come ,
With their large faggots , and smaller branches ,
And with their prey of birds and beasts .
Your sheep come ,
Vigorous and strong ,
None injured , no infection in the herd .
At the wave of the [herdsman's] arm ,
All come , all go up [into the fold] .

Your herdsmen shall dream , --
Of multitudes and then of fishes ;
Of the tortoise-and serpent ; and then of the falcon banners .
The chief diviner will divine the dreams ,
How the multitudes dissolving into fishes ,
Betoken plentiful years ;
How the tortoise-and-serpent dissolving into falcon banners ,
Betoken the increasing population of the kingdom .


191. 节南山 JIE NAN SHAN
节彼南山、维石岩岩。
赫赫师尹、民具尔瞻。
忧心如惔、不敢戏谈。
国既卒斩、何用不监。

节彼南山、有实其猗。
赫赫师尹、不平谓何。
天方荐瘥、丧乱弘多。
民言无嘉、憯莫惩嗟。

尹氏大师、维周之氏。
秉国之均、四方是维。
天子是毗、俾民不迷。
不吊昊天、不宜空我师。

弗躬弗亲、庶民弗信。
弗问弗仕、勿罔君子。
式夷式已、无小人殆。
琐琐姻亚、则无膴仕。

昊天不佣、降此鞠 xiong 。
昊天不惠、降此大戾。
君子如届、俾民心阕。
君子如夷、恶怒是违。

不吊昊天、乱靡有定。
式月斯生、俾民不宁。
忧心如酲、谁秉国成。
不自为政、卒劳百姓。

驾彼四牡、四牡项领。
我瞻四方、蹙蹙靡所骋。

方茂尔恶、相尔矛矣。
既夷既怿、如相酬矣。

昊天不平、我王不宁。
不惩其心、覆怨其正。

家父作诵、以究王 xiong 。
式讹尔心、以畜万邦。

言+凶
Lofty is that southern hill ,
With its masses of rocks !
Awe-inspiring are you , O [Grand] master Yin ,
And the people all look to you !
A fire burns in their grieving hearts ;
They do not dare to speak of you even in jest .
The kingdom is verging to extinction ; --
How is it that you do not consider the state of things ?

Lofty is that southern hill ,
And vigorously grows the vegetation on it !
Awe-inspiring are you , O [Grand] master Yin ,
But how is it that you are so unjust ?
Heaven is continually redoubling its afflictions ;
Deaths and disorder increase and multiply ;
No words of satisfaction come from the people ;
And yet you do not correct nor bemoan yourself !

The Grand-master Yin ,
Is the foundation of our Zhou ,
And the balance of the State is in his hands .
He should be keeping together the four quarters [of the kingdom] ;
He should be aiding the Son of Heaven ,
So as to preserve the people from going astray .
O unpitying great Heaven ,
It is not right he should reduce us all to such misery !

Doing nothing himself personally ,
The people have no confidence in him ,
By making no inquiry , and no trial of their services ,
He should not deal deceitfully with superior men .
By dismissing them on the requirement of justice ,
Mean men would not be endangering [the common weal] ;
And his mean relatives ,
Would not be in offices of importance .

Great Heaven , unjust ,
Is sending down these exhausting disorders .
Great Heaven , unkind ,
Is sending down these great miseries .
Let superior men come [into office] ,
And that would bring rest to the people's hearts .
Let superior men do justly ,
And the animosities and angers would disappear .

O unpitying , great Heaven ,
There is no end to the disorder !
With every month it continues to grow ,
So that the people have no repose .
I am as if intoxicated with the grief of my heart .
Who holds the ordering of the kingdom ?
Not attending himself to the government ,
The issue is toil and pain to the people .

I yoke my four steeds ,
My four steeds , long-necked .
I look to the four quarters [of the kingdom] ;
Distress is everywhere ; there is nowhere I can drive to .

Now your evil is rampant ,
And I see your spears .
Again you are pacified and friendly ,
As if you were pledging one another .

From great Heaven is the injustice ,
And our king has no repose .
[Yet] he will not correct his heart ,
And goes on to resent endeavours to rectify him .

I , Jia-fu , have made this song ,
To lay bare the king's disorders .
If you would but change your heart ,
And nourish the myriad States ! --


192. 正月 ZHENG YUE
正月繁霜、我心忧伤。
民之讹言、亦孔之将。
念我独兮、忧心京京。
哀我小心、癙忧以痒。

父母生我、胡俾我瘉。
不自我先、不自我後。
好言自口、莠言自口。
忧心愈愈、是以有侮。

忧心惸惸、念我无禄。
民之无辜、并其臣仆。
哀我人斯、于何从禄。
瞻乌爰止、于谁之屋。

瞻彼中林、侯薪猴蒸。
民今方殆、视天梦梦。
既克有定、靡人弗胜。
有皇上帝、伊谁云憎。

谓山盖卑、为冈为陵。
民之讹言、宁莫之惩。
召彼故老、讯之占梦。
具曰予圣、谁知乌之雌雄。

谓天盖高、不敢不局。
谓地盖厚、不敢不蹐。
维号斯言、有伦有脊。
哀今之人、胡为虺蜴。

瞻彼阪田、有菀其特。
天之扤我、如不我克。
彼求我则、如不我得。
执我仇仇、亦不我力。

心之忧矣、如或结之。
今兹之正、胡然厉矣。
燎之方扬、宁或灭之。
赫赫周宗、褒姒灭之。

终其永怀、又窘阴雨。
其车既载、乃弃尔辅。
载输尔载、 将伯助予。

无弃尔辅、员于尔辐。
屡顾尔仆、不输尔载。
终踰绝险、曾是不意。

鱼在于沼、亦匪克乐。
潜虽伏矣、亦孔之炤。
忧心惨惨、念国之为虐。

彼有旨酒、又有嘉殽。
洽比其邻、昏姻孔云。
念我独兮、忧心殷殷。

佌佌彼有屋、蔌蔌方有谷。
民今之无禄、天夭是椓。
哿矣富人、哀此惸独。

In the first month [of summer] the hoar-frost abounds ,
And my heart is wounded with sorrow .
The false calumnies of the people ,
Also wax greater and greater .
I think how I stand alone ,
And the sorrow of my heart grows intense .
Alas ! through my anxious cares ,
My hidden sorrow goes on to make me ill .

Ye parents who gave me birth !
Was it to make me suffer this pain ?
[Why was this time] not before me ?
Or [why was it] not after me ?
Their good words are [only] from the mouth ;
Their bad words are [only] from the mouth .
The sorrow of my heart becomes greater ,
And because of this I incur contempt .

My sorrow heart is very sad ;
I think of my unfortunate position .
The innocent people ,
Will all be reduced to servitude with me .
Alas for me !
From whom shall I henceforth get support ?
I see a crow which will rest ,
-- But on whose house ?

Look into the middle of the forest ;
There are [only] large faggots and small branches in it .
The people now amidst their perils ,
Look to Heaven , all dark .
But let its determination be fixed ,
And there is none whom it will not overcome .
There is the great God , --
Does He hate any one ?

If one say of a hill that it is low ,
There are its ridges , and its large masses .
The false calumnies of the people , --
How is it that you do not repress them ?
You call those experienced ancients ;
You consult the diviner of dreams :
They all say , ' We are wise ;
But who can distinguish the male and female crow ? '

We say of the heavens that they are high ,
But I dare not but stoop under them .
We say of the earth that it is thick ,
But I dare not but walk daintily on it .
For my freely expressing myself thus ,
I have reason , I have good ground .
Alas for the men of this time !
Why are they such cobras and efts ?

Look at that rugged and stony field ; --
Luxuriantly rises in it the springing grain !
[But] Heaven moves and shakes me ,
As if it could not overcome me .
They sought me [at first] to be a pattern [to them] ,
[Eagerly] as if they could not get me .
[Now] they regard me with great animosity ,
And will not use my strength .

My heart with its sorrow ,
Feels as if it were tied and bound by something .
This government of the present time , --
How oppressive it is !
The flames , when they are blazing ,
May still perhaps be extinguished ;
But the majestic honoured capital of Zhou ,
Is being destroyed by Si of Bao .

This issue is ever my anxious thought .
Moreover , you have the embarrassment of soaking rain .
Your carriage is loaded ,
And if you throw away your wheel-aids ,
Your load will be overturned ,
And you will be crying , ' O sir , help me ! '

If you do throw away your wheel-aids ,
Which give asistance to the spokes ;
And if you constantly look after the driver ,
You will not overturn your load ,
And in the end will get over the most difficult places ;
But you have not thought of this .

The fish are in the pond ,
But they cannot enjoy themselves .
Although they dive to the bottom ,
They are very clearly seen .
My sorrow heart is deeply pained ,
When I think of the oppression in the kingdom .

They have their good spirits ,
And their fine viands along with them .
They assemble their neighbours ,
And their relatives are full of their praise .
When I think of my solitariness ,
My sorrowing heart is full of distress .

Mean-like , those have their houses ;
Abjects , they will have their emoluments .
But the people now have no maintenance .
For Heaven is pounding them with its calamities ,
The rich may get through ,
But alas for the helpless and solitary !


193. 十月之交 SHI YUE ZI JIAO
十月之交、朔日辛卯。
日有食之、亦孔之丑。
彼月而微、此日而微。
今此下民、亦孔之哀。

日月告凶、不用其行。
四国无政、不用其良。
彼月而食、则维其常。
此日而食、于何不臧。

烨烨震电、不宁不令。
百川沸腾、山冢崒崩。
高岸为谷、深谷为陵。
哀今之人、胡憯莫惩。

皇父卿士。
番维司徒。
家伯维宰。
仲允膳夫。
棸子内史。
蹶维趣马。
楀维师氏。
艳妻煽方处。

抑此皇父、岂曰不时。
胡为我作、不即我谋。
彻我墙屋、田卒污莱。
曰予不戕、礼则然矣。

皇父孔圣、作都于向。
择三有事、亶侯多藏。
不憖遗一老、俾守我王。
择有车马、以居徂向。

黾勉从事、不敢告劳。
无罪无辜、谗口嚣嚣。
下民之孽、匪降自天。
噂沓背憎、职竞由人。

悠悠我里、亦孔之痗。
四方有羡、我独居忧。
民莫不逸、我独不敢休。
天命不彻、我不敢傚我友自逸。

At the conjunction [of the sun and moon] in the tenth month ,
On the first day of the moon , which was Xin-mao ,
The sun was eclipsed ,
A thing of very evil omen .
Then the moon became small ,
And now the sun became small .
Henceforth the lower people ,
Will be in a very deplorable case .

The sun and moon announce evil ,
Not keeping to their proper paths .
All through the kingdom there is no [proper] government ,
Because the good are not employed .
For the moon to be eclipsed ,
Is but an ordinary matter .
Now that the sun has been eclipsed , --
How bad it is !

Grandly flashes the lightning of the thunder ; --
There is a want of rest , a want of good .
The streams all bubble up and overflow .
The crags on the hill-tops fall down .
High banks become valleys ;
Deep valleys become hills .
Alas for the men of this time !
How does [the king] not stop these things ?

Huang-fu is the president ;
Fan is the minister of instruction ;
Jia-bo is the [chief] administrator ;
Zhong-yun is the chief cook ;
Zou is the recorder of the interior ;
Jue is master of the house ;
Yu is captain of the guards ;
And the beautiful wife blazes , now in possession of her place .

This Huang-fu ,
Will not acknowledge that he is acting out of season .
But why does he call us to action ,
Without coming and consulting with us ?
He has removed our walls and roofs ,
And our fields are all either a marsh or a moor .
He says , ' I am not injuring you ;
The laws require that thus it should be ? '

Huang-fu is very wise ;
He has built a great city for himself in Xiang .
He chose three men as his ministers ,
All of them indeed of great wealth .
He could not bring himself to leave a single minister ,
Who might guard our king .
He [also] selected those who had chariots and horses ,
To go and reside in Xiang .'

I have exerted myself to discharge my service ,
And do not dare to make a report of my toils .
Without crime or offense of any kind ,
Slanderous mouths are loud against me .
[But] the calamities of the lower people ,
Do not come down from Heaven .
A multitide of [fair] words , and hatred behind the back , --
The earnest , strong pursuit of this is from men .

Distant far is my village ,
And my dissatisfaction is great .
In other quarters there is ease ,
And I dwell here alone and sorrowful .
Every body is going into retirement ,
And I alone dare not seek rest .
The ordinances of Heaven are inexplicable ,
But I will not dare to follow my friends and leave my post .


194. 雨无正 YU WU ZHENG
浩浩昊天、不骏其德。
降丧饥馑、斩伐四国。
旻天疾威、弗卢弗图。
舍彼有罪、既伏其辜。
若此无罪、沦胥以铺。

周宗既灭、靡所止戾。
正大夫离居、莫知我勩。
三事大夫、莫肯夙夜。
邦君诸侯、莫肯朝夕。
庶曰式臧、覆出为恶。

如何昊天。
辟言不信。
如彼行迈、则靡所臻。
凡百君子、各敬尔身。
胡不相畏、不畏于天。

戎成不退、饥成不遂。
曾我 xie 御、憯憯日瘁。
凡百君子、莫肯用讯。
听言则答、谮言则退。

哀哉不能言、匪舌是出、维躬是瘁。
哿矣能言、巧言如流、俾躬处休。

维曰于仕、孔棘且殆。
云不可使、得罪于天子。
亦云可使、怨及朋友。

谓尔迁于王都、曰予未有室家。
鼠思泣血、无言不疾。
昔尔出居、谁从作尔室。

执+曰
Great and wide Heaven ,
How is it you have contracted your kindness ,
Sending down death and famine ,
Destroying all through the kingdom ?
Compassionate Heaven , arrayed in terrors ,
How is it you exercise no forethought , no care ?
Let alone the criminals : --
They have suffered for their offences ;
But those who have no crime ,
Are indiscriminately involved in ruin .

The honoured House of Zhou is [nearly] extinguished ,
And there is no means of stopping or settling [the troubles] .
The Heads of the officers have left their places ,
And no one knows my toil .
The three high ministers , and [other] great officers ,
Are unwilling [to attend to their duties] early and late .
The lords of the various States ,
Are unwilling [to appear at court] morning and evening .
If indeed he would turn to good , --
But on the contrary he proceeds to [greater] evil .

How is it , O great Heaven ,
That he will not hearken to the justest words ?
He is like a man going [astray] ,
[Who knows] not where he will proceed to .
All ye officers ,
Let each of you reverently attend to his duties .
How do ye not stand in awe of one another ?
Ye do not stand in awe of Heaven .

War has done its work , but he withdraws not [from evil] ;
Famine has done its work , but he goes not on [to good] ;
So that I , a [mere] groom of the chambers ,
Am full of grief and in pain daily .
All ye officers ,
Ye are unwilling to declare [the truth to him] .
When you hear a question , you [simply] answer it ,
And when slander touches you , you withdraw .

Alas that [right words] cannot be spoken ,
Which come not from the tongue [only] !
The speakers of them are sure to suffer .
Well is it for the words that can be spoken !
The artful speech flows like a stream ,
And the speakers dwell at ease in prosperity .

It may be said about taking office ,
That it is full of hazard and peril .
By [advice] that he says cannot be followed ,
You offend against the Son of Heaven .
By advice that he says will be followed ,
You excite the resentment of your friends .

I say to you , ' Remove to the royal capital , '
And ye say that you have not got houses there .
Painful are my inmost thoughts , and I weep blood ; --
Every word I speak makes me hated ;
But when you formerly left to reside elsewhere ,
Who was it that made houses for you ?

小旻之什(DECADE OF XIAO MIN)
195. 小旻 XIAO MIN
旻天疾威、敷于下土。
谋犹回遹、何日斯沮。
谋臧不从、不臧覆用。
我视谋犹、亦孔之邛。

潝潝訿訿、亦孔之哀。
谋之其臧、则具是违。
谋之不臧、则具是依。
我视谋犹、伊于胡底。

我龟既厌、不我告犹。
谋夫孔多、是用不集。
发言盈庭、谁敢执其咎。
如匪行迈谋、是用不得于道。

哀哉为犹、匪先民是程、匪大犹是经、维迩言是听、维迩言是争。
如彼筑室于道谋、是用不溃于成。

国虽靡止、或圣或否。
民虽靡膴、或哲或谋、或肃或艾。
如彼泉流、无沦胥以败。

不敢暴虎、不敢冯河。
人知其一、莫知其它。
战战兢兢、如临深渊、如履薄冰。

The angry terrors of Compassionate Heaven ,
Extend through this lower world ;
[The king's] counsels and plans are crooked and bad ; --
When will he stop [in the course] ?
Counsels which are good he will not follow ,
And those which are not good he employs ,
When I look at his counsels and plans ,
I am greatly pained .

Now they agree , and now they defame one another ; --
The case is greatly to be deplored .
If a counsel be good ,
They all are found opposing it .
If a counsel be bad ,
They all are found according with it .
When I look at such counsels and plans ,
What will they come to ?

Our tortoises are wearied out ,
And will not tell us anything about the plans .
The counsellors are very many ,
But on that account nothing is accomplished .
The speakers fill the court ,
But who dares to take any responsibility on himself ?
We are as if we consulted [about a journey]
without taking a step in advance ,
And therefore did not get on on the road .

Alas ! our formers of plans ,
Do not take the ancients for their pattern ,
And do not regulate them by great principles .
They only hearken to shallow words ,
And quarrel about shallow words ,
They are like one taking counsel with wayfarers about building a house .
Which will consequently never come to completion .

Although the kingdom be unsettled ,
There are some who are wise , and others who are not .
Although the people may not be numerous ,
Some have perspicacity , some have counsel ,
Some have gravity , and some have orderliness .
But we are going on like the stream flowing from a spring ,
And will sink together in a common ruin .

They dare not without weapons attack a tiger ;
They dare not without a boat cross the He .
They know one thing ,
But they only know that one .
We should be apprehensive and careful ,
As if we were on the brink of a deep gulf ,
As if we were treading on thin ice .


196. 小宛 XIAO WAN
宛彼鸣鸠、翰飞戾天。
我心忧伤、念昔先人。
明发不寐、有怀二人。

人之齐圣、饮酒温克。
彼昏不知、壹醉日富。
各敬尔仪、天命不又。

中原有菽、庶民采之。
螟蛉有子、蜾蠃负之。
教诲尔子、式谷似之。

题彼脊令、载飞载鸣。
我日斯迈、而月斯征。
夙兴夜寐、无忝尔所生。

交交桑扈、率场啄粟。
哀我填寡、宜岸宜狱。
握粟出卜、自何能谷。

温温恭人、如集于木。
惴惴小心、如临于谷。
战战兢兢、如履薄冰。

Small is the cooing dove ,
But it flies aloft up to heaven .
My heart is wounded with sorrow ,
And I think of our forefathers .
When the dawn is breaking , and I cannot sleep ,
The thoughts in my breast are of our parents .

Men who are grave and wise ,
Though they drink , are mild and masters of themselves ;
But those who are benighted and ignorant ,
Are devoted to drink , and more so daily .
Be careful , each of you , of your deportment ; --
What Heaven confers , [when once lost] , is not regained .

In the midst of the plain there is pulse ,
And the common people gather it .
The mulberry insect has young ones ,
And the sphex carries them away .
Teach and train your sons ,
And they will become good as you are .

Look at the wagtail ,
Flying , and at the same time twittering .
My days are advancing ;
Your months are going on .
Rising early and going to sleep late ,
Do not disgrace those who gave you birth .

The greenbeaks come and go ,
Pecking up grain about the stack-yard .
Alas for the distressed and solitary ,
Deemed fit inmates for the prisons !
With a handful of grain I go out and divine ,
How I may be able to become good .

We must be mild , and humble ,
As if we were perched on trees .
We must be anxious and careful ,
As if we were on the brink of a valley .
We must be apprehensive and cautious ,
As if we were treading upon thin ice .


197. 小弁 XIAO BIAN
弁彼鸒斯、归飞提提。
民莫不谷、我独于罹。
何辜于天、我罪伊何。
心之忧矣、云如之何。

踧踧周道、鞫为茂草。
我心忧伤、惄焉如捣。
假寐永叹、维忧用老。
心之忧矣、疢如疾首。

维桑与梓、必恭敬止。
靡瞻匪父、靡依匪母。
不属于毛、不离于裹。
天之生我、我辰安在。

菀彼柳斯、鸣蜩嘒嘒。
有凗者渊、萑苇淠淠。
譬彼舟流、不知所届。
心之忧矣、不遑假寐。

鹿斯之奔、维足伎伎。
雉之朝雊、尚求其雌。
譬彼坏木、疾用无枝。
心之忧矣、宁莫之知。

相彼投兔、尚或先之。
行有死人、尚或墐之。
君子秉心、维其忍之。
心之忧矣、涕既陨之。

君子信谗、如或酬之。
君子不惠、不舒究之。
伐木掎矣、析薪杝矣。
舍彼有罪、予之佗矣。

莫高匪山、莫浚匪泉。
君子无易由言、耳属于垣。
无逝我梁、无发我笱。
我躬不阅、遑恤我後。

With flapping wings the crows ,
Come back , flying all in a flock .
Other people all are happy ,
And I only am full of misery .
What is my offence against Heaven ?
What is my crime ?
My heart is sad ; --
What is to be done ?

The way to Zhou should be level and easy ,
But it is all overgrown with rank grass .
My heart is wounded with sorrow ,
And I think till I feel as if pounded [all over] .
I lie down undressed , and sigh continually ;
Through my grief I am growing old .
My heart is sad ; --
It puts me in pain like a headache .

Even the mulberry trees and the Zi ,
Must be regarded with reverence :
But no one is to be looked up to like a father ;
No one is to be depended on like a mother .
Have I not a connection with the hairs [of my father] ?
Did I not dwell in the womb [of my mother] ?
O Heaven who gave me birth !
How was it at such an inauspicious time ?

Luxuriant grow those willows ,
And the cicadas [on them] go hui-hui .
Deep looks the pool ,
And abundantly grow the rushes and reeds [about it] ,
[But] I am like a boat adrift , --
Where it will go you know not .
My heart is sad ; --
I have not leisure to lie down [even] undressed .

The stag is running away ,
But his legs move slowly .
The pheasant crows in the morning ,
Seeking his mate .
I am like a ruined tree ,
Stript by disease of all its branches .
My heart is sad ; --
How is it that no one knows me ?

Look at the hare seeking protection ; --
Some one will step in before and save it .
One the road there is a dead man ;
Some one will bury him .
[But] such is the heart of our sovereign ,
That there is nothing he cannot bear to do .
My heart is sad ,
So that my tears are falling down .

Our sovereign believes slanders ,
As readily as he joins in the pledge cup .
Our sovereign is unkind ,
And does not leisurely examine into things .
The tree-fellers follow the lean of the tree ;
The faggot-cleavers follow the direction of the grain ;
[But] he lets alone the guilty ,
And imputes guilt to me .

There is nothing higher than a mountain ;
There is nothing deeper than a [great] spring .
Our sovereign should not lightly utter his words ,
Lest an ear be laid close to the wall .
Do not approach my dam ;
Do not remove my basket .
My person is rejected ; --
Of what use is it to care for what may come after ?


198. 巧言 QIAO YAN
悠悠昊天、曰父母且。
无罪无辜、乱如此怃。
昊天已威、予慎无罪。
昊天泰怃、予慎无辜。

乱之初生、僭始既涵。
乱之又生、君子信谗。
君子如怒、乱庶遄沮。
君子如祉、乱庶遄已。

君子屡盟、乱是用长。
君子信盗、乱是用暴。
盗言孔甘、乱是用餤。
匪其止共、维王之邛。

奕奕寝庙、君子作之。
秩秩大猷、圣人莫之。
他人有心、予忖度之。
跃跃毚兔、遇犬获之。

荏染柔木、君子树之。
往来行言、心焉数之。
蛇蛇硕言、出自口矣。
巧言如簧、颜之厚矣。

彼何人斯、居河之麋。
无拳无勇、职为乱阶。
既微且尰、尔勇伊何。
为犹将多、尔居徒几何。

O vast and distant Heaven ,
Who art called our parent ,
That without crime or offence ,
I should suffer from disorders thus great !
The terrors of great Heaven are excessive ,
But indeed I have committed no crime .
[The terrors of] great Heaven are very excessive ,
But indeed I have committed no offence .

Disorder then comes to the birth ,
When the first untruth is received .
Its further increase ,
Is from our sovereign's believing the slanderers .
If he were to be angry [with them] ,
The disorder would probably quickly be abated ;
If he were to show his joy [in the good] ,
The disorder would probably quickly cease .

Our sovereign makes frequent covenants ,
And the disorders are thereby increased .
He believes the scoundrels ,
And the disorders thereby grow into oppression .
Their words are very sweet ,
And the disorders thereby advance .
They do not discharge their duties ,
But only create distress to the king .

Very grand is the ancestral temple ; --
A true sovereign made it .
Wisely arranged are the great plans ; --
Sages determined them .
What other men have in their minds ,
I can measure by reflection .
Swiftly runs the crafty hare ,
But it is caught by the hound .

Trees of soft wood , easily wrought ,
Are planted by wise men .
The words of way-farers that come and go ,
Can be discriminated by the mind .
Their easy and grand words ,
[Only] issue from their mouths .
Their artful words , like organ-tongues ,
Show how unblushing are their faces .

Who are they ?
They [are like men who] dwell on the banks of the river ;
And they have neither strenghth nor courage ,
While yet they rear the steps of disorder !
With legs ulcerated and swollen ,
What courage can you have ?
You form plans great and many ,
But your followers about you are few .


199. 何人斯 HE REN SI
彼何人斯、其心孔艰。
胡逝我梁、不入我门。
伊谁云从、维暴之云。

二人从行、谁为此祸。
胡逝我梁、不入唁我。
始者不如今、云不我可。

彼何人斯、胡逝我陈。
我闻其声、不见其身。
不愧于人、不畏于天。

彼何人斯、其为飘风。
胡不自北、胡不自南。
胡逝我梁、只搅我心。

尔之安行、亦不遑舍。
尔之亟行、遑脂尔车。
壹者之来、云何其盱。

尔还而入、我心易也。
还而不入、否难知也。
壹者之来、俾我只也。

伯氏吹埙、仲氏吹篪。
及尔如贯、谅不我知。
出此三物、以诅尔斯。

为鬼为蜮、则不可得。
有腼面目、视人罔极。
作此好歌、以极反侧。

What man was that ?
His mind is full of dangerous devices .
Why did he approach my dam ,
Without entering my gate ?
Of whom is he a follower ?
I venture to say , -- of Bao .

Those two follow each other in their goings ; --
Which of them wrought me this calamity ?
Why came he to my dam ,
Without entering to condole with me ?
Our former relations were different from the present ,
When he will have nothing to do with me .

What man was it ?
Why came he to the path inside my gate ?
I heard his voice ,
But did not see his person .
He is not ashamed before men ;
He does not stand in awe of Heaven .

What man was it ?
He is like a violent wind .
Why came he not from the north ?
Or why not from the south ?
Why did he approach my dam ,
Doing nothing but perturb my mind ?

You go along slowly ,
And yet you have not leisure to stop !
You go along rapidly ,
And yet you have leisure to grease your wheels !
If you would come to me but once ! --
Why am I kept in a state of expectation ?

If on your return you entered my house ,
My heart would be relieved .
When on your return you do not enter it ,
It is hard to understand your denial .
If you would come to me but once ,
It would set me at rest .

The elder of us blew the porcelain whistle ,
And the younger blew the bamboo flute ;
I was as if strung on the same string with you .
If indeed you do not understand me ,
Here are the three creatures [for sacrifice] ,
And I will take an oath to you .

If you were an imp or a water-bow ,
You could not be got at .
But when one with face and eyes stands opposite to another ,
The man can be seen through and through .
I have made this good song ,
To probe to the utmost your veerings and turnings .


200. 巷伯 XIANG BO
萋兮斐兮、成是贝锦。
彼谮人者、亦已大甚。

哆兮侈兮、成是南箕。
彼谮人者、谁适与谋。

缉缉翩翩、谋欲谮人。
慎尔言也、谓尔不信。

捷捷幡幡、谋欲谮言。
岂不尔受、既其女迁。

骄人好好、劳人草草。
苍天苍天、视彼骄人、矜此劳人。

彼谮人者、谁适与谋。
取彼谮人、投畀豺虎。
豺虎不食、投畀有北。
有北不受、投畀有昊。

杨园之道、猗于亩丘。
寺人孟子、作为此诗。
凡百君子、敬而听之。

A few elegant lines ,
May be made out to be shell-embroidery .
Those slanderers ,
Have gone to great excess .

A few diverging points ,
May be made out to be the southern Sieve .
Those slanderers !
Who devised their schemes for them ?

With babbling mouths you go about ,
Scheming and wishing to slander others ,
[But] be careful of your words ; --
[People] will [yet] say that you are untruthful .

Clever you are , and ever changing .
In your schemes and wishes to slander .
They receive it [now] indeed ,
But by and by it will turn to your own hurt .

The proud are delighted ,
And the troubled are in sorrow .
O azure Heaven ! O azure Heaven !
Look on those proud men ,
Pity those troubled .

Those slanderers !
Who devised their schemes for them ?
I would take those slanderers ,
And throw them to wolves and tigers .
If these refused to devour them ,
I would cast them into the north .
If the north refused to receive them ,
I would throw them into the hands of great [Heaven] .

The way through the willow garden ,
Lies near the acred height .
I , the eunuch Meng-zi ,
Have made this poem .
All ye officers ,
Reverently hearken to it .


201. 谷风 GU FENG
习习谷风、维风及雨。
将恐将惧、维予与女。
将安将乐、女转弃予。

习习谷风、维风及颓。
将恐将惧、寘予于怀。
将安将乐、弃予如遗。

习习谷风、维山崔嵬。
无草不死、无木不萎。
忘我大德、思我小怨。

Gently blows the east wind ; --
The wind followed by the rain .
In the time of fear and dread ,
It was all I and you .
In your time of rest and pleasure ,
You have turned and cast me off .

Gently blows the east wind ; --
And the wind is followed by the tornado .
In the time of fear and dread ,
You placed me in your breast .
In your time of rest and pleasure ,
You have cast me off like an abandoned thing .

Gently blows the east wind ; --
And on the rock-covered tops of the hills .
There is no grass which is not dying ,
No tree which is not withering .
You forget my great virtues ,
And think of my small faults .


202. 蓼莪 LIAO E
蓼蓼者莪、匪莪伊蒿。
哀哀父母、生我劬劳。

蓼蓼者莪、匪莪伊蔚。
哀哀父母、生我劳瘁。

缾之罊矣、维罍之耻。
鲜民之生、不如死之久矣。
无父何怙、无母何恃。
出则衔恤、入则靡至。

父兮生我、母兮鞠我。
拊我畜我、长我育我。
顾我复我、出入腹我。
欲报之德、昊天罔极。

南山烈烈、飘风发发。
民莫不谷、我独何害。

南山律律、飘风弗弗。
民莫不谷、我独不卒。

Long and large grows the e ; --
It is not the e but the hao .
Alas ! alas ! my parents ,
With what toil ye gave me birth !

Long and large grows the e ; --
It is not the e but the wei .
Alas ! alas ! my parents ,
With what toil and suffering ye gave me birth !

When the pitcher is exhausted ,
It is the shame of the jar .
Than to live an orphan ,
It would be better to have been long dead .
Fatherless , who is there to rely on ?
Motherless , who is there to depend on ?
When I go abroad , I carry my grief with me ;
When I come home , I have no one to go to .

O my father , who begat me !
O my mother , who nourished me !
Ye indulged me , ye fed me ,
Ye held me up , ye supported me ,
Ye looked after me , ye never left me ,
Out and in ye bore me in your arms .
If I would return your kindness ,
It is like great Heaven , illimitable ,

Cold and bleak is the Southern hill ;
The rushing wind is very fierce .
People all are happy ; --
Why am I alone thus miserable ?

The Southern hill is very steep ;
The rushing wind is blustering .
People all are happy ; --
I alone have been unable to finish [my duty] .


203. 大东 DA DONG
有饛簋飧、有捄棘匕。
周道如砥、其直如矢。
君子所履、小人所视。
睠言顾之、潸焉出涕。

小东大东、杼柚其空。
纠纠葛屦、可以履霜。
佻佻公子、行彼周行。
既往既来、使我心疚。

有冽氿泉、 无浸获薪。
契契寤叹、哀我惮人。
薪是获薪、尚可载也。
哀我惮人、亦可息也。

东人之子、职劳不来。
西人之子、粲粲衣服。
舟人之子、熊罴是裘。
私人之子、百僚是试。

或以其酒、不以其浆。
鞙鞙佩璲、不以其长。
维天有汉、监亦有光。
跂彼织女、终日七襄。

虽则七襄、不成报章。
睆彼牵牛、不以服箱。
东有启明、西有长庚。
有捄天毕、载施之行。

维南有箕、不可以簸扬。
维北有斗、不可以挹酒浆。
维南有箕、载翕其舌。
维北有斗、西柄之揭。

Well loaded with millet were the dishes ,
And long and curved were spoons of thorn-wood .
The way to Zhou was like a whetstone ,
And straight as an arrow .
[So] the officers trod it ,
And the common people looked on it .
When I look back and think of it ,
My tears run down in streams .

In the States of the east , large and small ,
The looms are empty .
Thin shoes of dolichos fibre ,
Are made to serve to walk on the hoar-frost .
Slight and elegant gentlemen ,
Walk along that road to Zhou .
Their going and coming ,
Makes my heart ache .

Ye cold waters , issuing variously from the spring ,
Do not soak the firewood I have cut .
Sorrowful I awake and sigh ; --
Alas for us toiled people !
The firewood has been cut ; --
Would that it were conveyed home !
Alas for us the toiled people !
Would that we could have rest !

The sons of the east ,
Are only summoned [to service] , without encouragement ;
While the sons of the west ,
Shine in splendid dresses .
The sons of boatmen ,
Have furs of the bear and grisly bear .
The sons of the poorest families ,
Form the officers in public employment .

If we present them with spirits ,
They do not look on them as liquor .
If we give them long girdle-pendants with their stones ,
They do not think them long enough .
There is the milky way in heaven ,
Which looks down on us in light ;
And the three stars together are the Weaving Sisters ,
Passing in a day through seven stages [of the sky] .

Although they go through their seven stages ,
They complete no bright work for us .
Brilliant shine the Draught Oxen ,
But they do not serve to draw our carts .
In the east there is Lucifer ;
In the west there is Hesperus ;
Long and curved is the Rabbit Net of th esky ; --
But they only occupy their places .

In the south is the Sieve ,
But it is of no use to sift .
In the north is the Ladle ,
But it lades out no liquor .
In the south is the Sieve ,
Idly showing its mouth .
In the north is the Ladle ,
Raising its handle in the west .


204. 四月 SI YUE
四月维夏、六月徂暑。
先祖匪人、胡宁忍予。

秋日凄凄、百卉具腓。
乱离瘼矣、爰其适归。

冬日烈烈、飘风发发。
民莫不谷、我独何害。

山有嘉卉、侯栗侯梅。
废为残贼、莫知其尤。

相彼泉水、载清载浊。
我曰构祸、曷云能谷。

滔滔江汉、南国之纪。
尽瘁以仕、宁莫我有。

匪鷻匪鸢、翰飞戾天。
匪鱣匪鲔、潜逃于渊。

山有蕨薇、隰有杞桋。
君子作歌、维以告哀。

In the fourth month comes summer ,
And in the sixth month the heat begins to decrease .
Were not my forefathers men ?
How can they endure that I should be [thus] ?

The autumn days become cold ,
And the plants all decay .
Amid such distress of disorder and dispersion ,
Whither can I betake myself ?

The winter days are very fierce ,
And the storm blows in rapid gusts .
People all are happy ;
Why do I alone suffer this misery ?

On the mountain are fine trees , --
Chestnut trees and plum trees .
Of their degenerating into ravening thieves ,
I know not the evil cause .

Look at the water of that spring ,
Sometimes clear , sometimes muddy .
I am every day coming into contact with misfortune ;
How can I be happy ?

Grandly flow the Jiang and the Han ,
Regulators of the southern States .
Worn out as I am with service ,
He yet takes no notice of me .

I am not an eagle nor a hawk ,
Which flies aloft to heaven .
I am not a sturgeon , large or small ,
Which can dive and hide in the deep .

On the hills are the turtle-foot and thorn ferns ;
In the marshes are the medlar and the yi .
I , an officer , have made this song ,
To make known my plaint .

北山之什(DECADE OF BEI SHAN)
205. 北山 BEI SHAN
涉彼北山、言采其杞。
偕偕士子、朝夕从事。
王事靡盬、忧我父母。

溥天之下、莫非王土。
率土之滨、莫非王臣。
大夫不均、我从事独贤。

四牡彭彭、王事傍傍。
嘉我未老、鲜我方将。
旅力方刚、经营四方。

或燕燕居息、或尽瘁事国。
或息偃在床、或不已于行。

或不知叫号、或惨惨劬劳。
或栖迟偃仰、或王事鞅掌。

或湛乐饮酒、或惨惨畏咎。
或出入风议、或靡事不为。

I ascend that northern hill ,
And gather the medlars .
An officer , strong and vigorous ,
Morning and evening I am engaged in service .
The king's business is not to be slackly performed ;
And my parents are left in sorrow .

Under the wide heaven ,
All is the king's land .
Within the sea-boundaries of the land ,
All are the king's servants .
His great officers are unfair , --
Making me serve thus as if I alone were worthy .

My four horses never halt ;
The king's business allows no rest .
They praise me as not yet old ;
They think few like me in vigour .
While the backbone retains its strength ,
I must plan and labour in all parts of the kingdom .

Some enjoy their ease and rest ,
And some are worn out in the service of the State ;
Some rest and loll upon their couches ,
And some never cease marching about .

Some never hear a sound ,
And some are cruelly toiled ;
Some lazily roost , on their backs looking up ,
And some are all-bustled in the service of the king .

Some indulge long in pleasure and drinking ,
And some are miserable , in apprehension of blame ;
Some , at home and abroad , pass critical remarks ,
And some have everything to do .


206. 无将大车 WU JIANG DA CHE
无将大车、只自尘兮。
无思百忧、只自疧兮。

无将大车、维尘冥冥。
无思百忧、不出于熲。

无将大车、维尘雝兮。
无思百忧、只自重兮。

Do not push forward a waggon ; --
You will only raise the dust about yourself .
Do not think of all your anxieties ; --
You will only make yourself ill .

Do not push forward a waggon ; --
The dust will only blind you .
Do not think of all your anxieties ; --
You will not emerge from imperfect views .

Do not push forward a waggon ; --
The dust will only becloud you .
Do not think of all your anxieties ; --
You will only weigh yourself down .


207. 小明 XIAO MING
明明上天、照临下土。
我征徂西、至于艽野。
二月初吉、载离寒暑。
心之忧矣、其毒大苦。
念彼共人、涕零如雨。
岂不怀归、畏此罪罟。

昔我往矣、日月方除。
曷云其还、岁聿云莫。
念我独兮、我事孔庶。
心之忧矣、惮我不暇。
念彼共人、睠睠怀顾。
岂不怀归、畏此谴怒。

昔我往矣、日月方奥。
曷云其还、政事愈蹙。
岁聿云莫、采萧获菽。
心之忧矣、自始伊戚。
念彼共人、兴言出宿。
岂不怀归、畏此反覆。

嗟尔君子、无恒安处。
靖共尔位、正直是兴。
神之听之、式谷以女。

嗟尔君子、无恒安息。
靖共尔位、好是正直。
神之听之、介尔景福。

O bright and high Heaven ,
Who enlightenest and rulest this lower world !
I marched on this expedition to the west ,
As far as this wilderness of Qiu .
From the first day of the second month ,
I have passed through the cold and the heat .
My heart is sad ;
The poison [of my lot] is too bitter .
I think of those [at court] in their offices ,
And my tears flow down like rain .
Do I not wish to return ?
But I fear the net for crime .

Formerly , when I set out ,
The sun and moon had renewed the year .
When shall I return ?
The year is now late .
I think how I am alone ,
While the affairs devolving on me are very many .
My heart is sad ;
And I am toiled without any leisure .
I think of those [at court] in their offices ,
Looking back to them with fond regard .
Do I not wish to return ?
But I am afraid of reproof and anger .

Formerly , when I set out ,
The sun and moon were giving a mild warmth .
When shall I return ?
The affairs of government are become more urgent .
It is late in the year ,
And we are gathering the southernwood , and reaping the beans .
My heart is sad ;
I give myself nothing but distress .
When I think of those [at court] in their offices ,
I rise and pass the night outside .
Do I not wish to return ?
But I am afraid of the vicissitudes of things .

Ah ! ye gentlemen !
Do not reckon on your rest being permanent .
Quietly fulfil the duties of your offices ,
Associating with the correct and upright .
So shall the Spirits hearken to you ,
And give you good .

Ah ! ye gentlemen !
Do not reckon on your repose being permanent .
Quietly fulfil the duties of your offices ,
Loving the correct and upright .
So shall the Spirits hearken to you ,
And give you large measures of bright happiness .


208. 鼓锺 GU ZHONG
鼓锺将将、淮水汤汤。
忧心且伤。
淑人君子、怀允不忘。

鼓锺喈喈、淮水湝湝。
忧心且悲。
淑人君子、其德不回。

鼓锺伐鼛、淮有三洲。
忧心且妯。
淑人君子、其德不犹。

鼓锺钦钦、鼓瑟鼓琴。
笙磬同音。
以雅以南、以龠不偕。

His bells ring out jiang-jiang ,
While the waters of the Huai go sweeping on ;
Sad is my heart and wouded .
The virtuous sovereigns [of old] , --
In my heart , indeed , I cannot forget them .

His drums ring out jie-jie ,
While the waters of the Huai rush along ;
My heart is sad and grieved .
Of the virtuous sovereigns [of old] ,
The virtue was without flaw .

His bells ring out , his large drums resound ,
There are the three islands in the Huai ;
Sad is my heart and moved .
Of the virtuous sovereigns [of old] ,
The virtue was different from this .

His bells ring out qin-qin ;
His lutes , large and small , give their notes ;
The tones of his organs and sounding stones are in unison .
They sing the Ya and the Nan ,
Dancing to their flutes without error .


209. 楚茨 CHU CI
楚楚者茨、言抽其棘。
自昔何为、我蓺黍稷。
我黍与与、我稷翼翼。
我仓既盈、我庾维忆。
以为酒食、以飨以祀。
以妥以侑、以介景福。

济济跄跄、絜尔牛羊、以往烝尝。
或剥或亨、或肆或将。
祝祭于祊、祀事孔明。
先祖是皇、神保是飨。
孝孙有庆。
报以介福、万寿无疆。

执爨踖踖、为俎孔硕、或燔或炙。
君妇莫莫、为豆孔庶。
为宾为客、献酬交错。
礼仪卒度、笑语卒获。
神保是格。
报以介福、万寿攸酢。

我孔熯矣、式礼莫愆。
工祝致告、徂赉孝孙。
苾芬孝祀、神嗜饮食。
卜尔百福、如几如式。
既齐既稷、既匡既敕。
永锡尔极、时万时忆。

礼仪既备、锺鼓既戒。
孝孙徂位、工祝致告。
神具醉止、皇尸载起。
鼓锺送尸、神保聿归。
诸宰君妇、废彻不迟。
诸父兄弟、备言燕私。

乐具入奏、以绥後禄。
尔殽既将、莫怨具庆。
既醉既饱、小大稽首。
神嗜饮食、使君寿考。
孔惠孔时、维其尽之。
子子孙孙、勿替引之。

Thick grew the tribulus [on the ground] ,
But they cleared away its thorny bushes .
Why did they this of old ?
That we might plant our millet and sacrificial millet ;
That our millet might be abundant ,
And our sacrificial millet luxuriant .
When our barns are full ,
And our stacks can be counted by tens of myriads ,
We proceed to make spirits and prepare viands ,
For offerings and sacrifice ;
We seat the representatives of the dead , and urge them to eat : --
Thus seeking to increase our bright happiness .

With correct and reverent deportment ,
The oxen and sheep all pure ,
We proceed to the winter and autumnal sacrifices .
Some flay [the victims] ; some boil [their flesh] ;
Some arrange [the meat] ; some adjust [the pieces of it] .
The priest sacrifices inside the temple gate ,
And all the service is complete and brilliant .
Grandly come our progenitors ;
Their Spirits happily enjoy the offerings ;
Their filial descendent receives blessing : --
They will reward him with great happiness ,
With myriads of years , life without end .

They attend to the furnaces with reverence ;
They prepare the trays , which are very large ; --
Some for the roast meat ; some for the broiled .
Wives presiding are still and reverent ,
Preparing the numerous [smaller] dishes .
The guests and visitors ,
Present the cup , and drink all round .
Every form is according to rule ;
Every smile and word are as they should be .
The Spirits quietly come ,
And respond with great blessings ; --
Myriads of years as the [fitting] reward .

We are very much exhausted ,
And have performed every ceremony without error .
The able priest announces [the will of the Spirits] ,
And goes to the filial descendent to convey it .
' Fragrant has been your filial sacrifice ,
And the Spirits have enjoyed your spirits and viands .
They confer upon you a hundred blessings ;
Each as it is desired , each as sure as law .
You have been exact and expeditions ;
You have been correct and careful :
They will ever confer on you the choicest favours ,
In myriads and tens of myriads . '

The ceremonies having thus been completed ,
And the bells and drums having given their warning ,
The filial descendent goes to his place ,
And the able priest makes his announcement ,
' The Spirits have drunk to the full . '
The great representative of the dead then rises ,
And the bells and drums escort his withdrawal ,
[On which] the Spirits tranquilly return [to their place] .
All the servants, and the presiding wives ,
Remove [the trays and dishes] without delay .
The [descendant's] uncles and cousins ,
All repair to the private feast .


210. 信南山 XIN NAN SHAN
信彼南山、维禹甸之。
畇畇原隰、曾孙田之。
我疆我理、南东其亩。

上天同云、雨雪雰雰。
益之以霢霂、既优既渥、既沾既足、生我百谷。

疆场翼翼、黍稷彧彧。
曾孙之穑、以为酒食。
畀我尸宾、寿考万年。

中田有庐、疆场有瓜。
是剥是菹、献之皇祖。
曾孙寿考、受天之祜。

祭以清酒、从以騂牡、享于祖考。
执其鸾刀、以启其毛、取其血膋。

是烝是享、苾苾芬芬、祀事孔明。
先祖是皇。
报以介福、万寿无疆。

Yes , [all about] that southern hill ,
Was made manageable by Yu .
Its plains and marshes being opened up ,
It was made into fields by the distant descendant .
We define their boundaries , we form their smaller divisions ,
And make the acres lie , here to the south , there to the east .

The heavens over head are one arch of clouds ,
Snowing in multitudinous flakes .
There is superadded the drizzling rain .
When [the land] has received the moistening ,
Soaking influence abundantly ,
It produces all our kinds of grain .

The boundaries and smaller divisions are nicely adjusted ,
And the millets yield abundant crops ,
The harvest of the distant descendant .
We proceed to make therewith spirits and food ,
To supply our representatives of the dead , and our guests ; --
To obtain long life , extending over myriads of years .

In the midst of the fields are the huts ,
And along the bounding divisions are gourds .
The fruits is sliced and pickled ,
To be presented to our great ancestors ,
That their distant descendant may have long life ,
And receive the blessing of Heaven .

We sacrifice [first] with pure spirits ,
And then follow with a red bull ;
Offering them to our ancestors .
[Our lord] holds the knife with tinkling bells ,
To lay open the hair of the victim ,
And takes its flesh and fat .

Then we present , then we offer ;
All round the fragrance is diffused .
Complete and brilliant is the sacrificial service ;
Grandly come our ancestors .
They will reward [their descendant] with great blessing , --
Long life , years without end .


211. 甫田 FU TIAN
倬彼甫田、岁取十千。
我取其陈、食我农人。
自古有年。
今适南亩、或耘或耔、黍稷薿薿。
攸介攸止、烝我髦士。

以我齐明、与我牺羊、以社以方。
我田既臧、农夫之庆。
琴瑟击鼓、以御田祖。
以祈甘雨、以介我稷黍、以谷我士女。

曾孙来止、以其妇子、饁彼南亩、田畯至喜。
攘其左右、尝其旨否。
禾易长亩、终善且有。
曾孙不怒、农夫克敏。

曾孙之稼、如茨如梁。
曾孙之庾、如坻如京。
乃求千斯仓、乃求万斯箱。
黍稷稻梁、农夫之庆。
报以介福、万寿无疆。

Bright are those extensive fields ,
A tenth of whose produce is annually levied .
I take the old stores ,
And with them feed the husbandmen ,
From of old we have had good years ,
And now I go to the south-lying acres ,
Where some are weeding , and some gather the earth about the roots .
The millets look luxuriant ;
And in a spacious resting place ,
I collect and encourage the men of greater promise .

With my vessels full of bright millet ,
And my pure victim-rams ,
We sacrificed to [the Spirits of] the land , and to [those of] the four quarters .
That my fields are in such good condition ,
Is matter of joy to my husbandmen .
With lutes , and with drums beating ,
We will invoke the Father of husbandry ,
And pray for sweet rain ,
To increase the produce of our millets ,
And to bless my men and their wives .

The distant descendant comes ,
When their wives and children ,
Are bringing food to those [at work] in the south-lying acres .
The surveyor of the fields [also] comes , and is glad .
He takes [of the food] on the left and the right ,
And tastes whether it be good or not .
The grain is well cultivated , all the acres over ;
Good will it be and abundant .
The distant descendant has no displacency ;
The husbandmen are encouraged to diligence .

The crops of the distant descendant ,
Look [thick] as thatch , and [swelling] like a carriage cover .
The stacks of the distant descendant ,
Will stand like islands and mounds .
He will seek for thousands of granaries ;
He will seek for myriads of carts .
The millets , the paddy , and the maize ,
Will awake the joy of the husbandmen ;
[And they will say] , ' May he be rewarded with great happiness .
With myriads of years , life without end !


212. 大田 DA TIAN
大田多稼、既种既戒。
既备乃事、以我覃耜、俶载南亩、播厥百谷。
既庭且硕、曾孙是若。

既方既皁、既坚既好。
不稂不莠、去其螟螣。
及其蟊贼、无害我田稚。
田祖有神、秉畀炎火。

有渰萋萋、兴雨祁祁。
雨我公田、遂及我私。
彼有不稚、此有不敛穧。
彼有遗秉、此有滞穗、伊寡妇之利。

曾孙来止、以其妇子。
饁彼南亩、田畯至喜。
来方禋祀、以其騂黑。
与其黍稷、以享以祀。
以介景福。

Large are the fields , and various is the work to be done .
Having selected the seed , and looked after the implements ,
So that all preparations have been made for our labour ,
We take our sharp plough-shares ,
And commence on the south-lying acres .
We sow all the kinds of grain ,
Which grow up straight and large ,
So that the wish of the distant descendant is satisfied .

It ears , and the fruit lies soft in its sheath ;
It hardens and is of good quality ;
There is no wolf ' s-tail grass , nor darnel .
We remove the insects that eat the heart and the leaf ,
And those that eat the roots and the joints .
So that they shall not hurt the young plants of our fields .
May the Spirit , the Father of husbandry ,
Lay hold of them , and put them in the blazing fire !

The clouds form in dense masses ,
And the rain comes down slowly .
May it rain first on our public fields ,
And then come to our private !
There shall be young grain unreaped ,
And here some sheaves ungathered ;
There shall be handfuls left on the ground ,
And here ears untouched : --

The distant descendant will come ,
When their wives and children ,
Are bringing food to those [at work] on the south-lying acres .
The surveyor of the fields [also] will come and be glad .
They will come and offer pure sacrifices to the Spirits of the four quarters ,
With their preparations of millet :
Thus offering , thus sacrificing ,
Thus increasing our bright happiness .


213. 瞻彼洛矣 ZHAN BI LUO YI
瞻彼洛矣、维水泱泱。
君子至止、福禄如茨。
韎韐有奭、以作六师。

瞻彼洛矣、维水泱泱。
君子至止、鞞琫有珌。
君子万年、保其家室。

瞻彼洛矣、维水泱泱。
君子至止、福禄既同。
君子万年、保其家邦。

Look at the Luo ,
With its waters broad and deep .
Thither has come our lord ,
In whom all happiness and dignity are concentrated .
Red are his madder-dyed knee covers ,
In which he might raise his six armies .

Look at the Luo ,
With its waters broad and deep .
Thither has our lord come ,
The gems at his scabbard ' s mouth all-gleaming .
May our lord live myriads of years ,
Preserving his House !

Look at the Luo ,
With its waters broad and deep .
Thither has our lord come ,
In whom all happiness and dignities are united .
May our lord live myriads of years ,
Preserving his clans and States !


214. 裳裳者华 CHANG CHANG ZHE HUA
裳裳者华、其叶湑兮。
我觏之子、我心写兮。
我心写兮、是以有誉处兮。

裳裳者华、芸其黄矣。
我觏之子、维其有章矣。
维其有章矣、是以有庆矣。

裳裳者华、或黄或白。
我觏之子、乘其四骆。
乘其四骆、六辔沃若。

左之左之、君子宜之。
右之右之、君子有之。
维其有之、是以似之。

Splendid are the flowers ,
And the leaves are luxuriant .
I see these princes ,
And my heart is entirely satisfied .
My heart is entirely satisfied .
Right is it they should have praise and prosperity !

Splendid are the flowers ,
And deep is their yellow .
I see these princes ,
Full of all elegance .
They are full of all elegance ; --
Right is it they should have every blessing !

Splendid are the flowers ,
Some yellow , some white .
I see these princes ,
Drawn by their four white steeds , black-maned .
They are drawn by their four white steeds , black-maned .
And the six reins are glossy !

To the left [they move] , to the left ,
And they execute the movement properly .
To the right [they move] , to the right ,
And they execute the movement properly .
They are possessed of the ability ,
And right is it their movements should indicate it .

桑扈之什(DECADE OF SANG HU)
215. 桑扈 SANG HU
交交桑扈、有莺其羽。
君子乐胥、受天之祜。

交交桑扈、有莺其领。
君子乐胥、万邦之屏。

之屏之翰、百辟为宪。
不戢不难、受福不那。

兕觥其觩、旨酒思柔。
彼交匪敖、万福来求。

They flit about , the green-beaks ,
With their variegated wings .
To be rejoiced in are these princes !
May they receive the blessing of Heaven !

They flit about , the green-beaks ,
With their glancing necks .
To be rejoiced in are these princes !
They are screens to all the States .

These screens , these buttresses , --
All the chiefs will take them as a pattern .
Are they not self-restrained ? Are they not careful ?
Will they not receive much happiness ?

How long is that cup of rhinoceros ' horn !
Good are the spirits in it and soft .
While it passes round , they show no pride ;
All blessing must come to seek them .


216. 鸳鸯 YUAN YANG
鸳鸯于飞、毕之罗之。
君子万年、福禄宜之。

鸳鸯在梁、戢其左翼。
君子万年、宜其遐福。

乘马在厩、摧之秣之。
君子万年、福禄艾之。

乘马在厩、秣之摧之。
君子万年、福禄绥之。

The Yellow ducks fly about ,
And are taken with hand-nets and spread-nets .
May our sovereign live for ten thousand years ,
Enjoying the happiness and wealth which are his due !

The Yellow ducks are on the dam ,
With their left wings gathered up .
May our sovereign live for ten thousand years ,
Enjoying the happiness and wealth which are his due !

The teams of steeds are in the stable ,
Fed with forage and grain .
May our sovereign live for ten thousand years ,
Sustained in his happiness and wealth !

The teams of steeds are in the stable ,
Fed with grain and forage .
May our sovereign live for ten thousand years ,
In the comfort of his happiness and wealth !


217. 頍弁 KUI BIAN
有頍者弁、实维伊何。
尔酒既旨、尔殽既嘉。
岂伊异人、兄弟匪他。
茑与女萝、施于松柏。
未见君子、忧心弈弈。
既见君子、庶几说怿。

有頍者弁、实维何期。
尔酒既旨、尔殽既时。
岂伊异人、兄弟具来。
茑与女萝、施于松上。
未见君子、忧心怲怲。
既见君子、庶几有臧。

有頍者弁、实维在首。
尔酒既旨、尔殽既阜。
岂伊异人、兄弟甥舅。
如彼雨雪、先集维霰。
死丧无日、无几相见。
乐酒今夕、君子维宴。

Those in the leather caps , --
Who are they ?
Since your spirits are [so]good ,
And your viands are [so] fine ,
How can they be strangers ?
They are your brethren , and no others .
[They are like] the mistletoe and the dodder .
Growing over the pine and the cypress .
While they do not see you , O king ,
Their sorrowful hearts are all-unsettled .
When they do see you ,
They begin to be happy and glad .

Those in the leather caps , --
Who are they ?
Since your spirits are [so]good ,
And your viands are all of the season .
How can they be strangers ?
They are your brethren , all assembled .
[They are like] the mistletoe and the dodder .
Growing over the pine .
While they do not see you , O king ,
Their hearts are full of sorrow .
When they do see you ,
They begin to feel that things are right .

There are those in the leather caps ,
Which they wear on their heads .
Since your spirits are [so] good ,
And your viands are [so] abundant ,
How can they be strangers ?
They are your brethren , and your relatives by affinity .
When there is going to be a fall of snow ,
There is first the descent of sleet .
Death and ruin may come any day ,
It is not long that you will see one another .
Rejoice over your spirits for the present evening ;
O king , enjoy the feast .


218. 车舝 CHE XIA
间关车之舝兮、思娈季女逝兮。
匪饥匪渴、德音来括。
虽无好友、式燕且喜。

依彼平林、有集维鷮。
辰彼硕女、令德来教。
式燕且誉、好尔无射。

虽无旨酒、式饮庶几。
虽无嘉殽、式食庶几。
虽无德与女、式歌且舞。

陟彼高冈、析其柞薪。
析其柞薪、其叶湑兮。
鲜我觏尔、我心写兮。

高山仰止、景行行止。
四牡騑騑、六辔如琴。
觏尔新昏、以慰我心。

Jian-guan went the axle ends of my carriage ,
As I thought of the young beauty , and went [to fetch her] .
It was not that I was hungry or thirsty ,
But [I longed] for one of such virtuous fame to come and be with me .
Although no good friends be with us ,
We will feast and be glad .

Dense is that forest in the plain ,
And there sit the long-tailed pheasants .
In her proper season that well-grown lady ,
With her admirable virtue , is come to instruct me .
We will feast , and I will praise her .
' I love you , and will never be weary of you . '

Although I have no good spirits ,
We will drink [what I have] , and perhaps [be satisfied] .
Although I have no good viands ,
We will eat [what I have] , and perhaps [be satisfied] .
Although I have no virtue to impart to you ,
We will sing and dance .

I ascend that lofty ridge ,
And split the branches of the oaks for firewood .
I split the branches of the oaks for firewood ,
Amid the luxuriance of their leaves .
I see you whose match is seldom to be seen ,
And my whole heart is satisfied .

The high hill is looked up to ;
The great road is easy to be travelled on .
My four steeds advanced without stopping ;
The six reins [made music] in my hands like lute-[strings] .
I see you my bride ,
To the comfort of my heart .


219. 青蝇 QING YING
营营青蝇、止于樊。
岂弟君子、无信谗言。

营营青蝇、止于棘。
谗人罔机、交乱四国。

营营青蝇、止于榛。
谗人罔机、构我二人。

They buzz about , the blue flies ,
Lighting on the fences .
O happy and courteous sovereign ,
Do not believe slanderous speeches .

They buzz about , the blue flies ,
Lighting on the jujube trees .
The slanderous observe no limits ,
And throw the whole kingdom into confusion .

They buzz about , the blue flies ,
Lighting on the hazel trees .
The slanderous observe no limits ,
And set us two at variance .


220. 宾之初筵 BIN ZHI CHU YAN
宾之初筵、左右秩秩。
笾豆有楚、殽喝维旅。
酒既和旨、饮酒孔偕。
钟鼓既设、举酬逸逸。
大侯既抗、弓矢斯张。
射夫既同、献尔发功。
发彼有的、以祈尔爵。

龠舞笙鼓、乐既和奏。
烝衎烈祖、以洽百礼。
百礼既至、有壬有林。
锡尔纯嘏、子孙其湛。
其湛曰乐、各奏尔能。
宾载手仇、室人入又。
酌彼康爵、以奏尔时。

宾之初筵、温温其恭。
其未醉止、威仪反反。
曰既醉止、威仪幡幡。
舍其坐迁、屡舞僊僊。
其未醉止、威仪抑抑。
曰既醉止、威仪怭怭。
是曰既醉、不知其秩。

宾既醉止、载号载呶。
乱我笾豆、屡舞僛僛。
是曰既醉、不知其邮。
侧弁之俄、屡舞傞傞。
既醉而出、并受其福。
醉而不出、是谓伐德。
饮酒孔嘉、维其令仪。

凡此饮酒、或醉或否。
既立之监、或佐之史。
彼醉不臧、不醉反耻。
式勿从谓、无俾大怠。
匪言勿言、匪由勿语。
由醉之言、俾出童羖。
三爵不识、矧敢多又。

When the guests first approach the mats ,
They take their places on the left and the right in an orderly manner .
The dishes of bamboo and wood are arranged in rows ,
With the sauces and kernels displayed in them .
The spirits are mild and good ,
And they drink , all equally reverent .
The bells and drums are properly arranged ;
And they raise their pledge-cups with order and ease .
[Then] the great target is set up ;
The bows and arrows are made ready for the shooting ;
The archers are matched in classes .
' Show your skill in shooting , ' [it is said] .
' I shall hit that mark , ' [it is responded] ,
'And pray you to drink the cup . '

The dancers move with their flutes to the notes of the organ and drum ,
While all the instruments perform in harmony .
All this is done to please the meritorious ancestors ,
Along with the observance of all ceremonies .
When all the ceremonies have been performed ,
Grandly and fully ,
'We confer on you great blessings , ' [says the representative of the dead] ,
'And may your descendants [also] be happy ! '
They are happy and delighted ,
And each of them exerts his ability .
A guest draws the spirits ,
An attendant enters again , with a cup ,
And fills it , -- the cup of rest .
Thus are performed your seasonal ceremonies .

When the guests first approach the mats ,
All harmonies are they and reverent .
Before they have drunk too much ,
Their deportment is carefully observant of propriety ;
But when they have drunk too much ,
Their deportment becomes light and frivolous : --
They leave their seats , and go elsewhere ,
They keep dancing and capering .
Before they have drunk too much ,
Their deportment is cautious and grave : --
But when they have drunk too much ,
Their deportment becomes indecent and rude : --
Thus when they have too mcuh ,
They lose all sense of orderliness .

When the guests have drunk too much ,
They shout out and brawl .
They disorder the dishes ;
They keep dancing in a fantastic manner .
Thus when they have drunk too much ,
They become insensible of their errors .
With their caps on one side , and like to fall off ,
They keep dancing the will not stop .
If , when they have drunk too much , they went out ,
Both they [and their host] would be happy ;
But remaining after they are drunk ,
Is what is called doing injury to virtue .
Drinking is a good institution ,
Only when there is good deportment in it .

On every occasion of drinking ,
Some get drunk , and some do not .
An inspector is appointed ,
With a recorder to assist him .
But those drunkards , in their vileness ,
Are shamed of those who do not get drunk .
These have no opportunity to speak ,
And prevent the others from proceeding to such great abandonment .
[They might say] , ' Do not speak what you ought not to speak ;
Do not say what you have no occasion to say ,
If you speak , drunk as you are ,
We will make you produce a ram without horns .
With three cups you lose your memories ; --
How dare you go on to more ? '


221. 鱼藻 YU ZAO
鱼在在藻、有颁其首。
王在在镐、岂乐饮酒。

鱼在在藻、有莘其尾。
王在在镐、饮酒乐岂。

鱼在在藻、依于其蒲。
王在在镐、有那其居。

The fishes are there , there among the pondweed ,
Showing their large heads .
The king is here , here in Hao ,
At ease and happy , while he drinks .

The fishes are there , there among the pondweed ,
Showing their long tails .
The king is here , here in Hao ,
Drinking , happy and at ease .

The fishes are there , there among the pondweed ,
Sheltered by the rushes .
The king is here , here in Hao ,
Dwelling in tranquillity .


222. 采菽 CAI SHU
采菽采菽、筐之筥之。
君子来朝、何锡予之。
虽无予之、路车乘马。
又何予之、玄衮及黼。

觱沸槛泉、言采其芹。
君子来朝、言观其旗。
其旗淠淠、鸾声嘒嘒。
载骖载驷、君子所届。

赤芾在股、邪幅在下。
彼交匪纾、天子所予。
乐只君子、天子命之。
乐只君子、福禄申之。

维柞之枝、其叶蓬蓬。
乐只君子、殿天子之邦。
乐只君子、万福攸同。
平平左右、亦是率从。

泛泛杨舟、绋纚维之。
乐只君子、天之葵之。
乐只君子、福禄膍之。
优哉游哉、亦是戾矣。

They gather the beans , they gather the beans ,
In their baskets , square and round .
The princes are coming to court ,
And what gifts have I to give them ?
Although I have none to give them ,
There are the state carriages and their teams .
What more have I to give them ?
The dark-coloured [upper] robes with the dragon ,
And the [lower garments with the] hatchet .

Right up bubbles the water from the spring ,
And they gather the cress [about it] .
The princes are coming to court ,
And I see their dragon flags ; --
Their dragon flags moving [in the wind] ,
While the sound of their bells comes hui-hui .
There are the two outside horses , there are the whole teams , --
Proofs that the princes are come .

Their red covers on their knees ,
And their buskins below ,
There is no remissness in their demeanour ; --
Of such should the son of Heaven approve .
To be rejoiced in are the princes ,
And the son of Heaven gives them the badges of his favour .
To be rejoiced in are the princes ,
And their happiness and dignities are renewed and extended .

On the branches of the oaks ,
How abundant are the leaves !
To be rejoiced in are the princes ,
Guardians of the regions of the son of Heaven .
To be rejoiced in are the princes ,
Around whom all the blessings collect .
Discriminating and able are their attendants ,
Who also have followed them hither .

It floats about , the boat of willow wood ,
Fastened by the band of the rope .
To be rejoiced in are the princes ,
And the son of Heaven scans [their merits] .
To be rejoiced in are the princes ,
And their happiness and dignities are enlarged .
How joyous , how happy ,
Is their coming here !


223. 角弓 JIAO GONG
騂騂角弓、翩其反矣。
兄弟昏姻、无胥远矣。

尔之远矣、民胥然矣。
尔之教矣、民胥傚矣。

此令兄弟、绰绰有裕。
不令兄弟、交相为瘉。

民之无良、相怨一方。
受爵不让、至于已斯亡。

老马反为驹、不顾其後。
如食宜饇、如酌孔取。

毋教猱升木、如涂涂附。
君子有徽猷、小人与属。

雨雪瀌瀌、见晛曰消。
莫肯下遗、式居娄骄。

雨雪浮浮、见晛曰流。
如蛮如髦、我是用忧。

Well fashioned is the bow adorned with horn ,
And swift is its recoil .
Brothers and relatives by affinity ,
Should not be treated distantly .

When you keep yours at a distance ,
The people all do the same with theirs .
What you teach ,
The people all imitate .

Those brothers who are good ,
Continue to display much generous feeling ;
But between brothers who are not good ,
Their intercourse is marked by troubles .

People who have no conscience ,
Repine against each other , each one holding his own point of view ;
One gets a place , and shows no humility --
Till they all come to ruin .

An old horse , notwithstanding , thinks himself a colt ,
And has no regard to the future .
It is like craving a superabundance of food ,
And an excess of drink .

Do not teach a monkey to climb trees ; --
[You act] like adding mud to one in the mud .
If the sovereign have good ways ,
The small people will accord with them .

The snow may have fallen abundantly ,
But when it feels the sun's heat , it dissolves .
You are not willing to discountenance [those parties] ,
And so they become [more] troublesome and arrogant .

The snow may have fallen largely ,
But when it feels the sun's heat , it flows away .
They become like the Man or the Mao ; --
This is what make me sad .


224. 菀柳 WAN LIU
有菀者柳、不尚息焉。
上帝甚蹈、无自昵焉。
俾予靖之、後予极焉。

有菀者柳、不尚愒焉。
上帝甚蹈、无自瘵焉。
俾予靖之、後予迈焉。

有鸟高飞、亦傅于天。
彼人之心、于何其臻。
曷予靖之、居以凶矜。

There is a luxuriant willow tree ; --
Who would not wish to rest [under it] ?
[But this] god is very changeable ; --
Do not approach him .
If I were to [try and] order his affairs ,
His demands afterwards would be extreme .

There is a luxuriant willow tree ; --
Who would not wish to take shelter [under it] ?
[But this] god is very changeable ,
Do not get yourself into trouble with him .
If I were to [try and] order his affairs ,
His demands on me afterwards would be beyond measure .

There is a bird flying high ,
Even up to heaven .
The heart of that man , --
To what will it proceed ?
Why should I [try to] order his affairs ?
I should only find myself in pitiable misery .

都人士之什(DECADE OF DU REN SHI)
225. 都人士 DU REN SHI
彼都人士、狐裘黄黄。
其容不改、出言有章。
行归于周、万民所望。

彼都人士、台笠缁撮。
彼君子女、绸直如发。
我不见兮、我心不说。

彼都人士、充耳琇实。
彼君子女、谓之尹吉。
我不见兮、我心苑结。

彼都人士、垂带而厉。
彼君子女、卷发如虿。
我不见兮、言从之迈。

匪伊垂之、带则有余。
匪伊卷之、发则有旟。
我不见兮、云何盱矣。

Those officers of the [old] capital ,
With their fox-furs so yellow ,
Their deportment unvaryingly [correct] ,
And their speech full of elegance ! --
If we could go back to [the old] Zhou ,
They would be admiringly looked up by all the people .

Those officers of the [old] capital ,
With their hats of Tai leaves and small black caps ! --
Those ladies of noble Houses .
With their hair so thick and straight ! --
I do not see them [now] ,
And my heart is dissatisfied .

Those officers of the [old] capital ,
With their ear-plugs of xiu-stones ! --
Those ladies of noble Houses ,
Each fit to be called a Yin or a Ji ! --
I do not see them [now] ,
And my heart grieves with indissoluble sorrow .

Those officers of the [old] capital ,
With their girdles hanging elegantly down ! --
Those ladies of great Houses ,
With their [side] hair curving up like a scorpion's tail ! --
I do not see them [now] ,
[If I could] , I would walk along after them .

Not that they purposely let their girdles hang down ; --
The girdles were naturally long .
Not that they gave their hair that curve ; --
The hair had a natural curl .
I do not see them [now] ,
And how do I long for them !


226 . 采绿 CAI LU
终朝采绿、不盈一匊。
予发曲局、薄言归沐。

终朝采蓝、不盈一担。
五日为期、六日不儋。
我不见兮、我心不说。

彼都人士、充耳琇实。
彼君子女、谓之尹吉。
我不见兮、我心苑结。

彼都人士、垂带而厉。
彼君子女、卷发如虿。
我不见兮、言从之迈。

匪伊垂之、带则有余。
匪伊卷之、发则有旟。
我不见兮、云何盱矣。

All the morning I gather the king-grass ,
And do not collect enough to fill my hands .
My hair is in a wisp ; --
I will go home and wash it .

All the morning I gather the indigo plant ,
And do not collect enough to fill my apron .
Five days was the time agreed on ; --
It is the sixth , and I do not see him .

When he went a hunting ,
I put the bow in its case for him .
When he went to fish ,
I arranged his line for him .

What did he take in angling ?
Bream and tench ; --
Bream and tench ,
While people [looked on] to see .


227. 黍苗 SHU MIAO
芃芃黍苗、阴雨膏之。
悠悠南行、召伯劳之。

我任我辇、我车我牛。
我行既集、盖云归哉。

我徒我御、我师我旅。
我行既集、盖云归处。

肃肃谢功、召伯营之。
烈烈征师、召伯成之。

原隰既平、泉流既清。
召伯有成、王心则宁。

Tall and strong grows the young millet ,
Fattened by the genial rains .
Very long was our journey to the south ,
But the earl of Zhou encouraged and cheered us .

We carried our burdens ; we pushed along our barrows ;
We drove our waggons ; we led our oxen .
When our expedition was accomplished ,
We knew we should return .

We went along on foot ; we rode in our chariots ; --
Our whole host , and our battalions .
When our expedition was accomplished ,
We knew we should return home .

Severe was the work at Su ,
But the earl of Zhou built the city .
Majestic was the march of our host ; --
The earl of Zhou directed it .

The plains and low lands were regulated ; --
The springs and streams were cleared .
The earl of Zhou completed his work ,
And the heart of the king was at rest .


228. 隰桑 XI SANG
隰桑有阿、其叶有难。
既见君子、其乐如何。

隰桑有阿、其叶有沃。
既见君子、云何不乐。

隰桑有阿、其叶有幽。
既见君子、德音孔胶。

心乎爱矣、遐不谓矣。
中心藏之、何日忘之。

In the low , wet grounds , the mulberry trees are beautiful ,
And their leaves are luxuriant .
When I see the princely men ,
How great is the pleasure !

In the low , wet grounds , the mulberry trees are beautiful ,
And their leaves are glossy .
When I see the princely men ,
How can I be other than glad ?

In the low , wet grounds , the mulberry trees are beautiful ,
And their leaves are dark .
When I see the princely men ,
Their virtuous fame draws them close [to my heart] .

In my heart I love them ,
And why should I not say so ?
In the core of my heart I keep them ,
And never will forget them .


229. 白华 BAI HUA
白华菅兮、白茅束兮。
之子之远、俾我独兮。

英英白云、露彼菅茅。
天步艰难、之子不犹。

滮池北流、浸彼稻田。
啸歌伤怀、念彼硕人。

樵彼桑薪、卬烘于煁。
维彼硕人、实劳我心。

鼓锺于宫、声闻于外。
念子懆懆、视我迈迈。

有鶖在梁、有鹤在林。
维彼硕人、实劳我心。

鸳鸯在梁、戢其左翼。
之子无良、二三其德。

有扁斯石、履之卑兮。
之子之远、俾我疧兮。

The fibres from the white flowered rush ,
Are bound with the white grass .
This man's sending me away ,
Makes me dwell solitary .

The light and brilliant clouds ,
Bedew the rush and the grass .
The way of Heaven is hard and difficult ; --
This man does nto confirm [to good principle] .

How the water from the pools flows away to north ,
Flooding the rice fields !
I whistle and sing with wounded heart ,
Thinking of that great man .

They gather firewood of branches of the mulberry trees ,
And I burn them [only] in a [small] furnace .
That great man ,
Does indeed toil and trouble my heart .

Their drums and bells are beaten in the palace ,
And their sound is heard without .
All-sorrowful I think of him ; --
He thinks of me without any regard .

The marabou is on the dam ;
The [common] crane is in the forest .
That great man ,
Does indeed toil and trouble my heart .

The Yellow ducks are on the dams ,
With their left wings gathered up .
That man is bad ,
Ever varying in his conduct .

How thin is that slab of stone !
He that stands on it is low .
That man's sending me away ,
Makes me full of affliction .


230. 绵蛮 MIAN MAN
绵蛮黄鸟、止于丘阿。
道之云远、我劳如何。
饮之食之、教之诲之、命彼後车、谓之载之。

绵蛮黄鸟、止于丘隅。
岂敢惮行、畏不能趋。
饮之食之、教之诲之、命彼後车、谓之载之。

绵蛮黄鸟、止于丘侧。
岂敢惮行、畏不能极。
饮之食之、教之诲之、命彼後车、谓之载之。

There is that little oriole ,
Resting on a bend of the mound .
The way is distant ,
And I am very much wearied .
Give me drink , give me food ;
Inform me , teach me ;
Order one of the attending carriages ,
And tell them to carry me .

There is that little oriole ,
Resting on a corner of the mound .
It is not that I dare to shrink from the journey ,
But I am afraid of not being able to go on .
Give me drink , give me food ;
Inform me , teach me ;
Order one of the attending carriages ,
And tell them to carry me .

There is that little oriole ,
Resting on the side of the mound .
It is not that I dare to shrink from the journey ,
But I am afraid of not getting to the end of it .
Give me drink , give me food ;
Inform me , teach me ;
Order one of the attending carriages ,
And tell them to carry me .


231. 瓠叶 HU YE
幡幡瓠叶、采之亨之。
君子有酒、酌言尝之。

有兔斯首、炮之燔之。
君子有酒、酌言献之。

有兔斯首、燔之炙之。
君子有酒、酌言酢之。

有兔斯首、燔之炮之。
君子有酒、酌言酬之。

Of the gourd leaves , waving about ,
Some are taken and boiled ;
[Then] the superior man , from his spirits ,
Pours out a cup , and tastes it .

There is but a single rabbit ,
Baked , or roasted .
[But] the superior man , from his spirits ,
Fills the cup and presents it [to his guests] .

There is but a single rabbit ,
Roasted , or broiled .
[But] from the spirits of the superior man ,
[His guests] fill the cup , and present it to him .

There is but a single rabbit ,
Roasted , or baked .
[But] from the spirits of the superior man ,
[His guests and he] fill the cup and pledge one another .


232. 渐渐之石 JIAN JIAN ZHI SHI
渐渐之石、维其高矣。
山川悠远、维其劳矣。
武人东征、不遑朝矣。

渐渐之石、维其卒矣。
山川悠远、曷其没矣。
武人东征、不遑出矣。

有豕白蹢、烝涉波矣。
月离于毕、俾滂沱矣。
武人东征、不遑他矣。

Those frowning rocks , --
How high they rise !
Over such a distance of hills and streams ,
How toilsome is the march !
The warrior , in charge of the expedition to the east ,
Has not a morning's leisure .

Those frowning rocks , --
How they crown the heights !
Over such a distance of hills and streams ,
When shall we have completed our march ?
The warrior , in charge of the expedition to the east ,
Has no leisure [to think] how he wll withdraw .

There are swine , with their legs white ,
All wading through streams .
The moon also is in the Hyades ,
Which will bring still greater rain .
The warrior , in charge of the expedition to the east ,
Has no leisure [to think] of anything but this .


233. 苕之华 TIAO ZHI HUA
苕之华、芸其黄矣。
心之忧矣、维其伤矣。

苕之华、其叶青青。
知我如此、不如无生。

牂羊坟首、三星在罶。
人可以食、鲜可以饱。

The flowers of the bignonia ,
Are of a deep yellow .
My heart is sad ;
I feel its wound .

The flowers of the bignonia [are gone] ,
[There are only] its leaves all-green .
If I had known it would be thus with me ,
I had better not have been born .

The ewes have large heads ;
The Three stars are [seen] in the fish-trap .
If some men can get enough to eat ,
Few can get their fill .


234. 何草不黄 HE CAO BU HUANG
何草不黄、何日不行。
何人不将、经营四方。

何草不玄、何人不矜。
哀我征夫、独为匪民。

匪兕匪虎、率彼旷野。
哀我征夫、朝夕不暇。

有芃者孤、率彼幽草。
有栈之车、行彼周道。

Every plant is yellow ;
Every day we march .
Every man is moving about ,
Doing service in some quarter of the kingdom .

Every plant is purple ;
Every man is torn from his wife .
Alas for us employed on these expeditions !
How are we alone dealt with as if we were not men ?

We are not rhinoceroses , we are not tigers ,
To be kept in these desolate wilds .
Alas for us employed on these expeditions !
Morning and night we have no leisure .

The long-tailed foxes ,
May keep among the dark grass .
And our box-carts ,
Keep moving along the great roads .


大雅
(GREATER ODES OF THE KINGDOM)
说见小雅
文王之什(DECADE OF WEN WANG)
235. 文王 WEN WANG
文王在上、於昭于天。
周虽旧邦、其命维新。
有周不显、帝命不时。
文王陟降、在帝左右。

亹亹文王、令闻不已。
陈锡哉周、侯文王孙子。
文王孙子、本支百世。
凡周之士、不显亦世。

世之不显、厥犹翼翼。
思皇多士、生此王国。
王国克生、维周之桢。
济济多士、文王以宁。

穆穆文王、於缉熙敬止。
假哉天命、有商孙子。
商之孙子、其丽不亿。
上帝既命、侯於周服。

侯服于周、天命靡常。
殷士肤敏、祼将于京。
厥作祼将、常服黼冔。
王之荩臣、无念尔祖。

无念尔祖、聿修厥德。
永言配命、自求多福。
殷之未丧师、克配上帝。
宜鉴于殷、骏命不易。

命之不易、无遏尔躬。
宣昭义问、有虞殷自天。
上天之载、无声无臭。
仪刑文王、万邦作孚。

King Wen is on high ;
Oh ! bright is he in heaven .
Although Zhou was an old country ,
The [favouring] appointment lighted on it recently .
Illustrious was the House of Zhou ,
And the appointment of God came at the proper season .
King Wen ascends and descends ,
On the left and the right of God .

Full of earnest activity was king Wen ,
And his fame is without end .
The gifts [of God] to Zhou ,
Extend to the descendants of king Wen ; --
To the descendants of king Wen ,
In the direct line and the collateral branches for a hundred generations .
All the officers of Zhou ,
Shall [also] be illustrious from age to age .

They shall be illustrious from age to age ,
Zealously and reverently pursuing their plans .
Admirable are the many officers ,
Born in this royal kingdom .
The royal kingdom is able to produce them , --
The suppporters of [the House of] Zhou .
Numerous is the array of officers ,
And by them king Wen enjoys his repose .

Profound was king Wen ;
Oh ! continuous and bright was his feeling of reverence .
Great is the appointment of Heaven !
There were the descendants of [the sovereigns] of Shang ; --
The descendants of the sovereigns of Shang ,
Were in number more than hundreds of thousands ;
But when God gave the command ,
They became subject to Zhou .

They became subject to Zhou .
The appointment of Heaven is not constant .
The officers of Yin , admirable and alert ,
Assist at the libations in [our] capital ; --
They assist at those libations ,
Always wearing the hatchets on their lower garment and their peculiar cap .
O ye loyal ministers of the king ,
Ever think of your ancestor !

Ever think of your ancestor ,
Cultivating your virtue ,
Always striving to accord with the will [of Heaven] .
So shall you be seeking for much happiness .
Before Yin lost the multitudes ,
[Its kings] were the assessors fo God .
Look to Yin as a beacon ;
The great appointment is not easily [preserved] .

The appointment is not easily [preserved] ,
Do not cause your own extinction .
Display and make bright your righteousness and name ,
And look at [the fate of] Yin in the light of Heaven .
The doings of High Heaven ,
Have neither sound nor smell .
Take your pattern from king Wen ,
And the myriad regions will repose confidence in you .

236. 大明 DA MING
明明在下、赫赫在上。
天难忱斯、不易维王。
天位殷适、使不挟四方。

挚仲氏任、自彼殷商、来嫁于周、曰嫔于京。
乃及王季、维德之行。
大任有身、生此文王。

维此文王、小心翼翼。
昭事上帝、聿怀多福。
厥德不回、以受方国。

天监在下、有命既集。
文王初载、天作之合。
在洽之阳、在渭之涘。
文王嘉止、大邦有子。

大邦有子、俔天之妹。
文定厥祥、亲迎于渭。
造舟为梁、不顾其光。

有命自天、命此文王。
于周于京、缵女维莘。
长子维行、笃生武王。
保右命尔、燮伐大商。

殷商之旅、其会如林。
矢于牧野、维予侯兴。
上帝临女、无贰尔心。

牧野洋洋、檀车煌煌、驷騵彭彭。
维师尚父、时维鹰扬、凉彼武王、肆伐大商。
会朝清明。

The illustration of illustrious [virtue] is required below ,
And the dread majesty is on high .
Heaven is not readily to be relied on ;
It is not easy to be king .
Yin's rightful heir to the heavenly seat ,
Was not permitted to possess the kingdom .

Jin , the second of the princesses of Zhi ,
From [the domain of] Yin-shang ,
Came to be married to the prince of Zhou ,
And because his wife in his capital ,
Both she and king Ji ,
Were entirely virtuous .
[Then] Da-ren became pregnant ,
And gave birth to our king Wen .

This king Wen ,
Watchfully and reverently ,
With entire intelligence served God ,
And so secured the great blessing .
His virtue was without deflection ;
And in consequence he received [the allegiance of] the States from all quarters .

Heaven surveyed this lower world ;
And its appointment lighted [on king Wen] .
In his early years ,
It made for him a mate ; --
On the north of the Qia ;
On the banks of the Wei .
When king Wen would wive ,
There was the lady in a large State .

In a large State was the lady ,
Like a fair denizen of Heaven .
The ceremonies determined the auspiciousness [of the union] .
And in person he met her on the Wei .
Over it he made a bridge of boats ; --
The glory [of the occasion] was illustrious .

The favouring appointment was from Heaven ,
Giving the throne to our king Wen ,
In the capital of Zhou .
The lady-successor was from Xin ,
Its eldest daughter , who came to marry him .
She was blessed to give birth to king Wu ,
Who was preserved , and helped , and received also the appointment ,
And in accordance with it smote the great Shang .

The troops of Yin-shang ,
Were collected like a forest ,
And marshalled in the wilderness of Mu .
We rose [to the crisis] ; --
'God is with you , ' [said Shang-fu to the king] ,
'Have no doubts in your heart . '

The wilderness of Mu spread out extensive ;
Bright shone the chariots of sandal ;
The teams of bays , black-maned and white-bellied , galloped along ;
The grand-master Shang-fu ,
Was like an eagle on the wing ,
Assisting king Wu ,
Who at one onset smote the great Shang .
That morning's encounter was followed by a clear bright [day] .


237. 绵 MIAN
绵绵瓜瓞。
民之初生、自土沮漆。
古公亶父、陶父陶穴、未有家室。

古公亶父、来朝走马。
率西水浒、至于岐下。
爰及姜女、聿来胥宇。

周原膴膴、菫茶如饴。
爰始爰谋、爰契我龟。
曰止曰时、筑室于兹。

乃慰乃止、乃左乃右、乃疆乃理、乃宣乃亩、自西徂东、周爰执事。

乃召司空、乃召司徒、俾立室家。
其绳则直、缩版以载、作庙翼翼。

捄之陾陾、度之薨薨、筑之登登、削屡冯冯、百堵皆兴、鼛鼓弗胜。

乃立皋门、皋门有伉。
乃立应门、应门将将。
乃立冢土、戎丑攸行。

肆不殄厥愠、亦不陨厥问。
柞棫拔矣、行道兑矣。
混夷駾矣、维其喙矣。

虞芮质厥成、文王蹶厥生。
予曰有疏附、予曰有先後、予曰有奔奏、予曰有御侮。

In long trains ever increasing grow the gourds .
When [our] people first sprang ,
From the country about the Ju and the Qi ,
The ancient duke Tan-fu ,
Made for them kiln-like huts and caves ,
Ere they had yet any houses .

The ancient duke Tan-fu ,
Came in the morning , galloping his horses ,
Along the banks of the western rivers ,
To the foot of [mount] Qi ;
And there , he and the lady Jiang ,
Came , and together looked out for a site on which to settle .

The plain of Zhou looked beautiful and rich ,
With its violets and sowthistles [sweet] as dumplings .
There he began with consulting [his followers] ;
There he singed the tortoise-shell , [and divined] .
The responses were - there to stay , and then ;
And they proceeded there to build their houses .

He encouraged the people and settled them ;
Here on the left , there on the right .
He divided the ground into larger tracts and smaller portions ;
He dug the ditches ; he defined the acres ;
From the west to the east ,
There was nothing which he did not take in hand .

He called his superintendent of works ;
He called his minister of instruction ;
And charged them with the building of the houses .
With the line they made everything straight ;
They bound the frame-boards tight , so that they should rise regularly .
Uprose the ancestral temple in its solemn grandeur .

Crowds brought the earth in baskets
They threw it with shouts into the frames ;
They beat it with responsive blows ;
They pared the walls repeatedly , and they sounded strong .
Five thousand cubits of them arose together ,
So that the roll of the great drum did not overpower [the noise of the builders] .

They set up the gate of the enceinte ;
And the gate of the enceinte stood high .
They set up the court gate ;
And the court gate stood grand .
They reared the great altar [to the Spirits of the land] ,
From which all great movements should proceed .

Thus though he could nto prevent the rage [of his foes] ,
He did not let fall his own fame .
The oaks and the Yu were [gradually] thinned ,
And roads for travelling were opened .
The hordes of the Hun disappeared ,
Startled and panting .

[The chiefs of] Yu and Rui were brought to an agreement ,
By king Wen's stimulating their natural virtue .
Then , I may say , some came to him , previously not knowing him ;
And some , drawn the last by the first ;
And some , drawn by his rapid success ;
Ans some , by his defence [of the weak] from insult .


238. 棫朴 YU PU
芃芃棫朴。
薪之槱之。
济济辟王。
左右趣之。

济济辟王。
左右奉璋。
奉璋峨峨。
髦士攸宜。

淠彼泾舟。
烝徒楫之。
周王于迈。
六师及之。

倬彼云汉。
为章于天。
周王寿考。
遐不作人。

追琢其章。
金玉其相。
勉勉我王。
纲纪四方。

Abundant is the growth of the yu and the pu ,
Supplying firewood ; yea , stores of it .
Elegant and dignified was our prince and king ;
On the right and the left they hastened to him .

Elegant and dignified was our prince and king ;
On his left and his right they bore their half-mace [libation-cups] ; --
They bore their instruments with solemn gravity ,
As beseemed such eminent officers .

They rush along , -- those boats on the King .
All the rowers labouring at their oars .
The king of Zhou marched on ,
Followed by his six hosts .

Vast is that Milky Way ,
Making a brilliant figure in the sky .
Long years did the king of Zhou enjoy ; --
Did he not exert an influence upon men ?

Engraved and chiselled are the ornaments ;
Of metal and of jade is their substance .
Ever active was our king ,
Giving law and rules to the four quarters [of the kingdom] .

239. 早麓 ZAO LU
瞻彼早麓、榛楛济济。
岂弟君子、于禄岂弟。

瑟彼玉瓒、黄流在中。
其弟君子、福禄攸降。

鸢飞戾天、鱼跃于渊。
岂弟君子、遐不作人。

清酒既载、騂牡既备。
以享以祀、以介景福。

瑟彼柞棫、民所燎矣。
岂弟君子、神所劳矣。

莫莫葛藟、施于条枚。
岂弟君子、求福不回。

Look at the foot of the Han ,
How abundantly grow the hazel and the arrow-thorn !
Easy and self-possessed was our prince ,
In his pursuit of dignity [still] easy and self-possessed !

Massive is that libation-cup of jade ,
With the yellow liquid [sparkling] in it .
Easy and self-possessed was our prince ,
The fit recipient of blessing and dignity .

The hawk flies up to heaven ;
The fishes leap in the deep .
Easy and self-possessed was our-prince ; --
Did he not exert an influence upon men ?

His clear spirits are in vessel ;
His red bull is ready ; --
To offer , to sacrifice ,
To increase his bright happiness .

Thick grow the oaks and the yu ,
Which the people use for fuel .
Easy and self-possessed was our prince ,
Cheered and encouraged by the Spirits .

Luxuriant are the dolichos and other creepers ,
Clinging to the branches and stems ,
Easy and self-possessed was our prince ,
Seeking for happiness by no crooked ways .


240. 思齐 SI QI
思齐大任、文王之母、思媚周姜、京室之妇。
大姒嗣徽音、则百斯男。

惠于宗公、神罔时怨、神罔时恫。
刑于寡妻、至于兄弟、以御于家邦。

雝雝在宫、肃肃在庙。
不显亦临、无射亦保。

肆戎疾不殄、烈假不瑕。
不闻亦式、不谏亦入。

肆成人有德、小子有造。
古之人无斁、誉髦斯士。

Pure and reverent was Da-ren ,
The mother of king Wen ;
Loving was she to Zhou Jiang ; --
A wife becoming the House of Zhou .
Da-si inherited her excellent fame ,
And from her came a hundred sons .

He conformed to the example of his ancestors ,
And their Spirits had no occasion for complaint .
Their Spirits had no occasion for dissatisfaction ,
And his example acted on his wife ,
Extended to his brethren ,
And was felt by all the clans and States .

Full of harmony was he in his palace ;
Full of reverence in the ancestral temple .
Out of sight he still felt as under inspection ;
Unweariedly he maintained [his virtue] .

Though he could not prevent [some] great calamities ,
His brightness and magnanimity were without stain .
Without previous instruction he did what was right ;
Without admonition , he went on [in the path of goodness] .

So , grown up men became virtuous [through him] ,
And young men made [constant] attainments .
[Our] ancient prince never felt weariness ,
And from him were the fame and eminence of his officers .

241. 皇矣 HUANG YI
皇矣上帝、临下有赫。
监观四方、求民之莫。
维此二国、其政不获。
维彼四国、爰究爰度。
上帝耆之、憎其式廓。
乃眷西顾、止维与宅。

作之屏之、其菑其翳。
修之平之、其灌其栵。
启之辟之、其柽其椐。
攘之剔之、其 yan 其柘。
帝迁明德、串夷载路。
天立厥配、受命既固。

帝省其山、柞棫斯拔、松柏斯兑。
帝作邦作对、自大伯王季。
维此王季、因心则友。
则友其兄、则笃其庆。
载锡之光、受禄无丧、奄有四方。

维此王季、帝度其心、貊其德音。
其德克明、克明克类、克长克君。
王此大邦、克顺克比。
比于文王、其德靡悔。
既受帝祉、施于孙子。

帝谓文王、无然畔援、无然歆羡、诞先登于岸。
密人不恭、敢距大邦、侵阮徂共。
王赫斯怒、爰整其旅、以按徂旅、以笃于周祜、以对于天下。

依其在京、侵自阮疆、陟我高冈。
无矢我陵、我陵我阿。
无饮我泉、我泉我池。
度其鲜原、居歧之阳、在渭之将。
万邦之方、下民之王。

帝谓文王、予怀明德、不大声以色、不长夏以革。
不识不知、顺帝之则。
帝谓文王、询尔仇方、同尔兄弟、以尔钩援、与尔临冲、以我崇墉。

临冲闲闲、崇墉言言。
执讯连连、攸馘安安。
是类是禡、是致是附。
四方以无悔。
临冲茀茀、崇墉仡仡。
是伐是肆、是绝是忽。
四方以无拂。

厌 +木
Great is God ,
Beholding this lower world in majesty .
He surveyed the four quarters [of the kingdom] ,
Seeking for some one to give settlement to the people .
Those two [earlier] dynasties ,
Had failed to satisfy Him with their government ;
So throughout the various States ,
He sought and considered ,
For one on which he might confer the rule .
Hating all the great [States] ,
He turned His kind regards on the west ,
And there gave a settlement [to king Da] .

[King Da] raised up and removed ,
The dead trunks , and the fallen trees .
He dressed and regulated ,
The bushy clumps , and the [tangled] rows .
He opened up and cleared ,
The tamarix trees , and the stave-trees .
He hewed and thinned ,
The mountain-mulberry trees .
God having brought about the removal thither of this intelligent ruler ,
The Guan hordes fled away .
Heaven raised up a helpmeet for him .
And the appointment he had received was made sure .

God surveyed the hills ,
Where the oaks and yu were thinned ,
And paths made through the firs and cypresses .
God , who had raised the State , raised up a proper ruler for it ; --
From the time of Da-bo and king Ju [this was done] .
Now this king Ju ,
In his heart was full of brotherly duty .
Full of duty to his elder brother ,
He gave himself the more to promote the prosperity [of the country] ,
And secured to him the glory [of his act] .
He accepted his dignity , and did not lose it ,
And [ere long his family] possessed the whole kingdom .

The king Ju ,
Was gifted by God with the power of judgement ,
So that the fame of his virtue silently grew .
His virtue was highly intelligent ; --
Highly intelligent and of rare discrimination ;
Able to lead , able to rule , --
To rule over this great country ;
Rendering a cordial submission , effecting a cordial union .
When [the sway] came to king Wen ,
His virtue left nothing to be dissatisfied with .
He received the blessing of God ,
And it was extended to his descendants .

God said to king Wen ,
' Be not like those who reject this and cling to that ;
Be not like those who are ruled by their likings and desires ; '
So he grandly ascended before others to the height [of virtue] .
The people of Mi were disobedient ,
Daring to oppose our great country ,
And invaded Yuan , marching to Gung .
The king rose majestic in his wrath ;
He marshalled his troops ,
To stop the invading foes ;
To consolidate the prosperity of Zhou ;
To meet [the expectations of ] all under heaven .

He remained quietly in the capital ;
But [his troops] went on from the borders of Yuan .
They ascended our lofty ridges ,
And [the enemy] arrayed no forces on our hills ,
On our hills , small or large ,
Nor drank at our springs ,
Our springs or our pools .
He then determined the finest of the plains ,
And settled on the south of Ju ,
On the side of the Wei ;
The centre of all the States ,
The resort of the lower people .

God said to king Wen ,
'I am pleased with your intelligent virtue ,
Not loudly proclaimed nor pourtrayed ,
Without extravagance or changeableness ,
Without consciousness of effort on your part ,
In accordance with the pattern of God . '
God said to king Wen ,
' Take measures against the country of your foes .
Along with your brethren ,
Get ready your scaling ladders ,
And yoru engines of onfall and assault ,
To attack the walls of Chong . '

The engines of onfall and assault were gently plied ,
Against the walls of Chong high and great ;
Captives for the question were brought in one after another ;
' The left ears [of the slain] were taken leisurely .
He sacrificed to God , and to the Father of War ,
Thus seeking to induce submission ;
And throughout the kingdom none dared to insult him .
The engines of onfall and assault were vigorously plied ,
Against the walls of Chong very strong ;
He attacked it , and let loose all his forces ;
He extinguished [its sacrifices] , and made an end of its existence ;
And throughout the kingdom none dared to oppose him .'


242. 灵台 LING TAI
经始灵台、经之营之。
庶民攻之、不日成之。
经始勿亟、庶民子来。

王在灵囿、麀鹿攸伏、麀鹿濯濯、白鸟翯翯。
王在灵沼、於牣鱼跃。

虡业维枞、贲鼓维镛。
於论鼓钟、於乐辟痈。

於论鼓钟、於乐辟痈。
鼍鼓逢逢、朦瞍奏公。

When he planned the commencement of the marvellous tower ,
He planned it , and defined it ;
And the people in crowds undertook the work ,
And in no time completed it .
When he planned the commencement , [he said] , ' Be not in a hurry ; '
But the people came as if they were his children .

The king was in the marvellous park ,
Where the does were lying down , --
The does , so sleek and fat ;
With the white birds glistening .
The king was by the marvellous pond ; --
How full was it of fishes leaping about !

On his posts was the toothed face-board , high and strong ,
With the large drums and bells .
In what unison were their sounds !
What joy was there in the hall with its circlet of water !

In what unison sounded the drums and bells !
What joy was there in the hall with its circlet of water !
The lizard-skin drums rolled harmonious ,
As the blind musicians performed their parts .


243. 下武 XIA WU
下武维周、世有哲王。
三后在天、王配于京。

王配于京、世德作求。
永言配命、成王之孚。

成王之孚、下土之式。
永言考思、考思维则。

媚兹一人、应侯顺德。
永言考思、昭哉嗣服。

昭兹来许、绳其祖武。
於万斯年、受天之祜。

受天之祜、四方来贺。
於万斯年、不遐有佐。

Successors tread in the steps [of their predecessors] in our Zhou .
For generations there had been wise kings ;
The three sovereigns were in heaven ;
And king [Wu] was their worthy successor in his capital .

King [Wu] was their worthy successor in his capital ,
Rousing himself to seek for the hereditary virtue ,
Always striving to accord with the will [of Heaven] ;
And thus he secured the confidence due to a king .

He secured the confidence due to a king ,
And became a pattern of all below him .
Ever thinking how to be filial ,
His filial mind was the model [which he supplied] .

Men loved him , the One man ,
And responded [to his example] with a docile virtue .
Ever thinking how to be filial ,
He brilliantly continued the doings [of his fathers] .

Brilliantly ! and his posterity ,
Continuing to walk in the steps of their forefathers ,
For myriads of years ,
Will receive the blessing of Heaven .

They will receive the blessing of Heaven .
And from the four quarters [of the kingdom] will felicitations come to them .
For myriads of years ,
Will there not be their helpers ?


244. 文王有声 WEN WANG YOU SHENG
文王有声、遹骏有声。
遹求厥宁、遹观厥成。
文王烝哉。

文王受命、有此武功。
既伐于崇、作邑于丰。
文王烝哉。

筑城伊淢、作丰伊匹。
匪棘其欲、遹追来孝。
王后烝哉。

王公伊濯、为丰之垣。
四方攸同、王后维翰。
王后烝哉。

丰水东注、维禹之绩。
四方攸同、皇王维辟。
皇王烝哉。

镐京辟痈。
自西自东、自南自北、无思不服。
皇王烝哉。

考卜维王、宅是镐京。
维龟正之、武王成之。
武王烝哉。

丰水有芑、武王岂不仕。
诒厥孙谋、以燕翼子。
武王烝哉。

King Wen is famous ;
Yea , he is very famous .
What he sought was the repose [of the people] ;
What he saw was the completion [of his work] .
A sovereign true was king Wen !

King Wen received the appointment [of Heaven] ,
And achieved his martial success .
Having overthrown Chong ,
He fixed his [capital] city in Feng .
A sovereign true was king Wen !

He repaired the walls along the [old] moat :
His establishing himself in Feng was according to [the pattern of his forefather s] ,
It was not that he was in haste to gratify his wishes ; --
It was to show the filial duty which had come down to him .
A sovereign true was [our] royal prince !

His royal merit was brightly displayed ,
By those walls of Feng .
There were collected [the sympathies of the people of] the four quarters ,
Who regarded the royal prince as their protector .
A sovereign true was [our] royal prince !

The Feng-water flowed on to the east [of the city] ,
Through the meritorious labour of Yu .
There were collected [the sympathies of the people of ] the four quarters ,
Who would have the great king as their ruler .
A sovereign true was the great king !

In the capital of Hao he built his hall with its circlet of water ;
From the west to the east ,
From the south to the north ,
There was not a thought but did him homage .
A sovereign true was the great king !

He examined and divined , did the king ,
About settling in the capital of Hao .
The tortoise-shell decided the site ,
And king Wu completed the city .
A sovereign true was king Wu !

By the Feng-water grows the white millet ; --
Did not king Wu show wisdom in his employment of officers ?
He would leave his plans to his descendants ,
And secure comfort and support to his son .
A sovereign true was king Wu !

生民之什(DECADE OF SHENG MIN)
245. 生民 SHENG MIN
厥初生民、时维姜嫄。
生民如何、克禋克祀、以弗无子。
履帝武敏歆、攸介攸止、载震载夙、载生载育、时维后稷。

诞弥厥月、先生如达、不坼不副、无菑无害。
以赫厥灵、上帝不宁、不康禋祀、居然生子。

诞寘之隘巷、牛羊腓字之。
诞寘之平林、会伐平林。
诞寘之寒冰、鸟覆翼之。
鸟乃去矣、后稷呱矣、实覃实訏、厥声载路。

诞实匍匐、克歧克嶷、以就口食。
蓺之荏菽、荏菽旆旆、禾役穟穟、麻麦蒙蒙、瓜瓞唪唪。

诞后稷之穑、有相之道。
茀厥丰草、种之黄茂。
实方实苞、实种实褎、实发实秀、实坚实好、实颖实栗。
即有邰家室。

诞降嘉种、维秬维秠、维穈维芑。
恒之秬秠、是获是亩。
恒之穈芑、是任是负。
以归肇祀。

诞我祀如何。
或舂或揄、或簸或蹂。
释之叟叟、烝之浮浮。
载谋载惟、取萧祭脂、取羝以軷。
载燔载烈、以兴嗣岁。

卬盛于豆、于豆于登。
其香始升、上帝居歆。
胡臭亶时、后稷肇祀、庶无罪悔、以迄于今。

The first birth of [our] people ,
Was from Jiang Yuan .
How did she give birth to [our] people ?
She had presented a pure offering and sacrificed ,
That her childlessness might be taken away .
She then trod on a toe-print made by God , and was moved ,
In the large place where she rested .
She became pregnant ; she dwelt retired ;
She gave birth to , and nourished [a son] ,
Who was Hou-ji .

When she had fulfilled her months ,
Her first-born son [came forth] like a lamb .
There was no bursting , nor rending ,
No injury , no hurt ; --
Showing how wonderful he would be .
Did not God give her the comfort ?
Had He not accepted her pure offering and sacrifice ,
So that thus easily she brought forth her son ?

He was placed in a narrow lane ,
But the sheep and oxen protected him with loving care .
He was placed in a wide forest ,
Where he was met with by the wood-cutters .
He was placed on the cold ice ,
And a bird screened and supported him with its wings .
When the bird went away ,
Hou-ji began to wail .
His cry was long and loud ,
So that his voice filled the whole way .

When he was able to crawl ,
He looked majestic and intelligent .
When he was able to feed himself ,
He fell to planting large beans .
The beans grew luxuriantly ;
His rows of paddy shot up beautifully ;
His hemp and wheat grew strong and close ;
His gourds yielded abundantly .

The husbandry of Hou-ji ,
Proceeded on the plan of helping [the growth] .
Having cleared away the thick grass ,
He sowed the ground with the yellow cereals .
He managed the living grain , till it was ready to burst ;
Then he used it as seed , and it sprang up ;
It grew and came into ear ;
It became strong and good ;
It hung down , every grain complete ; --
And thus he was appointed lord of Tai .

He gave his people the beautiful grains : --
The black millet , and the double-kernelled ;
The tall red , and the white .
They planted extensively the black and the double-kernelled ,
Which were reaped and stacked on the ground .
They planted extensively the tall red and the white ,
Which were carried on their shoulders and backs ,
Home for the sacrifices which he founded .

And how as to our sacrifices [to him] ?
Some hull [the grain] ; some take it from the mortar ;
Some sift it ; some tread it .
It is rattling in the dishes ;
It is distilled , and the steam floats about .
We consult ; we observe the rites of purification ;
We take southernwood and offer it with the fat ;
We sacrifice a ram to the Spirit of the path ;
We offer roast flesh and broiled : --
And thus introduce the coming year .

We load the stands with the offerings ,
The stands both of wood and of earthenware .
As soon as the fragrance ascends ,
God , well pleased , smells the sweet savour .
Fragrant is it , and in its due season !
Hou-ji founded the sacrifice ,
And no one , we presume , has given occasion for blame or regret in regret to it ,
Down to the present day .


246. 行苇 XING WEI
敦彼行苇 。
牛羊勿践履 。
方苞方体。
维叶泥泥 。
戚戚兄弟 。
莫远具尔。
或肆之筵。
或受之几。

肆筵设席。
授几有缉御。
或献或酢。
洗爵奠斝。
醓醢以荐。
或燔或灸。
嘉殽脾臄。
或歌或咢。

敦弓既钧。
舍矢既均。
序宾以贤。
敦弓既句。
既挟四鍭。
四鍭如树。
序宾以不侮。

曾孙维主。
酒醴维醹。
酌以大斗。
以祈黄耇。
黄耇台背。
以引以翼。
寿考维祺。
以介景福。

In thick patches are those rushes , springing by the way (-side) ;
Let not the cattle and sheep trample them .
Anon they will burst up ; anon they will be completely formed ,
With their leaves soft and glossy .
Closely related are brethren ; --
Let none be absent , let all be near .
For some there are spread mats ;
For some there are given stools [besides] .

The mats are spread , and a second one above ;
The stools are given , and there are plenty of servants .
[The guests] are pledged , and they pledge [the host] in return ;
He rinses the cup , and the guests put theirs down .
Sauces and pickles are brought in ,
With roast meat and broiled .
Excellent provisions there are [also] of tripe and cheek ;
With singing to lutes , and with drums .

The ornamented bows are strong ,
And the four arrows are all balanced .
They discharge the arrows , and all hit ,
And the guests are arranged according to their skill .
The ornamented bows are drawn full ,
And the four arrows are grasped in the hand .
They go straight to the mark as if planted in it ,
And the quests are arranged by the humble propriety of their demeanour .

The distant descendant presides over the feast ;
His sweet spirits are strong .
He fills their cups from a measure ,
And prays for the hoary old [among his quests] ; --
That with hoary age and wrinkled back ,
They may lead on one another [to virtue] , and support one another [in it] ;
That so their old age may be blessed ,
And their bright happiness [ever] increased .


247. 既醉 JI JUI
既醉以酒、既饱以德。
君子万年、介尔景福。

既醉以酒、尔殽既将。
君子万年、介尔昭明。

昭明有融、高朗令终。
令终有俶、公尺嘉告。

其告维何、笾豆静嘉。
朋友攸摄、摄以威仪。

威仪孔时、君子有孝子。
孝子不匮、永锡尔类。

其类维何、室家之壶。
君子万年、永锡祚胤。

其胤维何、天被尔禄。
君子万年、景命有仆。

其仆维何、厘尔女士。
厘尔女士、从以孙子。

You have made us drink to the full of your spirits ;
You have satiated us with your kindness ,
May you enjoy , O our lord , myriads of years !
May your bright happiness [ever] be increased !

You have made us drink to the full of your spirits ;
Your viands were all set out before us .
May you enjoy , O our lord , myriads of years !
May your bright intelligence [ever] be increased !

May your bright intelligence become perfect ,
High and brilliant , leading to a good end !
That good end has [now] its beginning : --
The personator of your ancestors announced it in his blessing .

What was his announcement ?
' [ The offerings in] your dishes of bamboo and wood are clean and fine .
Your friends asisting at the service ,
Have done their part with reverent demeanour .

' Your reverent demeanour was altogether what the occasion required ,
And not yours only , but that also of your filial son .
For such filial piety , without ceasing ,
There will ever be conferred blessing on you .

' What will the blessings be ?
That along the passages of your palace ,
You shall move for ten thousand years ;
And there will be granted to you for ever dignity and posterity .

' How as to your posterity ?
Heaven invests you with your dignity ,
Yea for ten thousand years ,
The bright appointment is attached to your person .

' How will it be attached ?
There is given you a heroic wife .
There is given you a heroic wife ,
And from her shall come [the line of] descendants . '


248. 凫鷖 FU YI
凫鷖在泾、公尺来燕来宁。
尔酒既清、尔殽既馨、公尺燕饮、福禄来成。

凫鷖在沙、公尺来燕来宜。
尔酒既多、尔殽既嘉、公尺燕饮、福禄来为。

凫鷖在渚、公尺来燕来处。
尔酒既湑、尔殽伊脯、公尺燕饮、福禄来下。

凫鷖在潀、公尺来燕来宗。
既燕于宗、福禄攸降。
公尺燕饮、福禄来崇。

凫鷖在亹、公尺来止熏熏。
旨酒欣欣、燔炙芬芬、公尺燕饮、无有後艰。

The wild-ducks and widgeons are on the King ;
The personators of your ancestors feast and are happy .
Your spirits are clear ,
Your viands are fragrant ;
The personators of your ancestors feast and drink ; --
Their happiness and dignity are made complete .

The wild-ducks and widgeons are on the sand ;
The personators of the dead enjoy the feast , their appropriate tribute .
Your spirits are abundant ,
Your viands are good ;
The personators of your ancestors feast and drink ; --
Happiness and dignity lend them their aids .

The wild ducks and widgeons are on the islets ;
The personators of your ancestors feast and enjoy themselves .
Your spirits are strained ,
Your viands are in slices ;
The personators of your ancestors feast and drink ; --
Happiness and dignity descend on them .

The wild ducks and widgeons are where the waters meet ;
The personators of your ancestors feast , and are honoured .
The feast is spread in the ancestral temple ,
The place where happiness and dignity descend .
The personators of your ancestors feast and drink ; --
Their happiness and dignity are at the highest point .

The wild ducks and widgeons are in the gorge ;
The personators of your ancestors rest , full of complacency .
Your fine spirits are delicious ,
Your flesh , roast and broiled , is fragrant ;
The personators of your ancestors feast and drink ; --
No troubles shall be theirs after this .


249. 假乐 JIA LE
假乐君子、显显令德。
宜民宜人、受禄于天。
保右命之、自天申之。

干禄百福、子孙千亿。
穆穆皇皇、宜君宜王。
不愆不忘、率由旧章。

威仪抑抑、德音秩秩。
无怨无恶、率由群匹。
受福无疆、四方之纲。

之纲之纪、燕及朋友。
百辟卿士、媚于天子。
不解于位、民之攸塈。

Of [our] admirable , amiable , sovereign ,
Most illustrious is the excellent virtue .
He orders rightly the people , orders rightly the officers ,
And receives his dignity from heaven ,
Which protects and helps him , and [confirms] his appointment ,
By repeated acts of renewal from heaven .

[So] does he seek for the emoluments of dignity , [and obtain] all blessings , - -
Thousands and hundreds of thousands of descendants ,
Of reverent virtue and admirable character ,
Fit to be rulers [of States] , fit to be king ,
Erring in nothing , forgetful of nothing ,
Observing and following the old statutes .

[May they] manifest all self-restraint in deportment ,
And their virtuous fame be without fail !
Without resentments , without dislikes ,
[May they] give free course to [the good among] the officers ,
Receiving blessing without limit ,
And regulating all within the four quarters [of the kingdom] !

Regulating all , and determining each point ,
Giving repose to his friends ,
All the princes and ministers ,
Will love the son of Heaven .
Not idly occupying his office ,
The people will find rest in him .


250. 公刘 GONG LIU
笃公刘、匪居匪康、乃埸乃疆、 乃机乃仓。
乃裹餱粮、于橐于囊、 思辑用光 。
弓矢斯张、干戈戚扬、爰方启行。

笃公刘、于胥斯原、既庶既繁、既顺乃宣、而无永叹。
陟则在巘、复降在原。
何以舟之、维玉及瑶、鞞琫容刀。

笃公刘、逝彼百泉、瞻彼溥原。
乃陟南冈、乃觏于京。
京师之野、于时处处、于时庐旅、于时言言、于时语语。

笃公刘、于京斯依。
跄跄济济、俾筵俾几。
既登乃依。
乃造其曹、执豕于牢、酌之用匏。
食之饮之、君之宗之。

笃公刘、既溥既长、既景乃冈、相其阴阳、观其流泉、其军三单。
度其隰原、彻田为粮。
度其夕阳、豳居允荒。

笃公刘、于豳斯馆。
涉渭为乱、取厉取锻。
止基乃理、爰众爰有。
夹其皇涧、溯其过涧。
止旅乃密、芮鞫之即。

Of generous devotion to the people was duke Liu ,
Unable to rest or take his ease [where he was] ,
He divided and subdivided the country into fields ;
He stored up the produce in the fields and in barns ;
He tied up dried meat and grain ,
In bottomless bags and in sacks ; --
That he might hold [the people] together , and glorify [his tribe] .
Then with bows and arrows all ready ,
With shields and spears , and axes , large and small ,
He commenced his march .

Of generous devotion to the people was duke Liu ,
He had surveyed the plain [where he was settled] ;
[The people] were numerous and crowded ;
In sympathy with them , he made proclamation [of his contemplated measure] ,
And there were no perpetual sighings about it
He ascended to the hill-tops ;
He ascended again to the plains .
What was it that he carried at his girdle ?
Pieces of jade , and yao gems ,
And his ornamented scabbard with its sword .

Of generous devotion to the people was duke Liu ,
He went there to [the place of] the hundred springs ,
And saw [around him] the wide plain .
He ascended the ridge on the south ,
And looked at a large [level] height ,
A height affording space for multitudes .
Here was room to dwell in ;
Here might booths be built for strangers ;
Here he told out his mind ;
Here he entered on deliberations .

Of generous devotion to the people was duke Liu ,
When he had found rest on the height ,
With his officers all in dignified order ,
He caused mats to be spread , with stools upon them ;
And they took their places on the mats and leaned on the stools .
He had sent to the herds ,
And taken a pig from the pen .
He poured out his spirits into calabashes ;
And so he gave them to eat and to drink ,
Acknowledged by them as ruler , and honoured .

Of generous devotion to the people was duke Liu ,
[His territory] being now broad and long ,
He determined the points of the heavens by means of the shadows ; and then , asc ending the ridges ,
He surveyed the light and the shade ,
Viewing [also] the [course of the] streams and springs .
His armies were three troops ;
He measured the marshes and plains ;
He fixed the revenue on the system of common cultivation of the fields ;
He measured also the fields west of the hills ;
And the settlement of Bin became truly great .

Of generous devotion to the people was duke Liu ,
Having settled in temporary lodging houses in Bin ,
He crossed the Wei by means of boats ,
And gathered whetstones and iron .
When his settlement was fixed , and all boudaries defined ,
The people became numerous and prosperous ,
Occupying both sides of the Huang valley ,
And pushing on up that of Guo ;
And as the population became dense ,
They went on to the country beyond the Ju .


251. 泂酌 JIONG ZHUO
泂酌彼行潦、挹彼注兹、可以饙饎。
岂弟君子、民之父母 。

泂酌彼行潦、挹彼注兹、可以濯罍。
岂弟君子、民之攸归 。

洞酌彼行潦、挹彼注兹、可以濯溉。
岂弟君子、民之攸塈 。

Take the pool-water from a distance ;
Draw it into one vessel and let it flow to another ,
And it may be used to stream rice or millet .
[How much more should] the happy and courteous sovereign ,
Be the parent of the people !

Take the pool-water from a distance ;
Draw it into one vessel and let it flow to another ,
And it may be used to wash a [spirit] vase .
[How much more should] the happy and courteous sovereign ,
Be the centre of attraction to the people !

Take the pool-water from a distance ;
Draw it into one vessel and let it flow to another ,
And it may be used for all purpose of cleansing .
[How much more should] the happy and courteous sovereign ,
Be the centre of rest to the people !


252. 卷阿 JUAN A
有卷者阿、飘风自南。
岂弟君子、来游来歌、以矢其音 。

伴奂尔游矣、优游尔休矣。
岂弟君子、俾尔弥尔性、似先公酋矣。

尔土宇昄章、亦孔之厚矣。
岂弟君子、俾尔弥尔性、百神尔主矣 。

尔受命长矣、茀禄尔康矣。
岂弟君子、俾尔弥尔性、纯嘏尔常矣 。

有冯有翼、有孝有德、以引以翼。
岂弟君子、四方为则 。

顒顒卬卬、如圭如璋、令闻令望。
岂弟君子、四方为纲 。

凤凰于飞、翽翽其羽、亦集爰止。
蔼蔼王多吉士、维君子使、媚於天子 。

凤凰于飞、翽翽其羽、亦傅于天。
蔼蔼王多吉人、维君子命、媚于庶人 。

凤凰鸣矣、于彼高冈。
梧桐生矣、于彼朝阳 。
菶菶萋萋、雝雝喈喈。

君子之车、既庶且多。
君子之马、既闲且驰 。
矢诗不多、维以遂歌。

Into the recesses of the large mound ,
Came the wind whirling from the south .
There was [our] happy , courteous sovereign ,
Rambling and singing ;
And I took occasion to give forth my notes .

'Full of spirits you ramble ;
Full of satisfaction you rest .
O happy and courteous sovereign ,
May you fulfill your years ,
And end them like your ancestors !

'Your territory is great and glorious ,
And perfectly secure .
O happy and courteous sovereign ,
May you fulfill your years ,
As the host of all the Spirits !

'You have received the appointment long-ackowledged ,
With peace around your happiness and dignity .
O happy and courteous sovereign ,
May you fulfill your years ,
With pure happiness your constant possession !

'You have helpers and supporters ,
Men of filial piety and of virtue ,
To lead you on , and act as wings to you ,
[So that] , O happy and courteous sovereign ,
You are a pattern to the four quarters [of the kingdom] .

'Full of dignity and majesty [are they] ,
Like a jade-mace [in its purity] ,
The subject of praise , the contemplation of hope .
O happy and courteous sovereign ,
[Through them] the four quarters [of the kingdom] are guided by you .

'The male and female phoenix fly about ,
Their wings rustling ,
While they settle in their proper resting place .
Many are your admirable officers , O king ,
Ready to be employed by you ,
Loving you , the son of Heaven .

'The male and female phoenix fly about ,
Their wings rustling ,
As they soar up to heaven .
Many are your admirable officers , O king ,
Waiting for your commands ,
And loving the multitudes of the people .

'The male and female phoenix give out their notes ,
On that lofty ridge .
The dryandras grow ,
They grow luxuriantly ;
And harmoniously the notes resound .

'Your carriages , O sovereign ,
Are many , many .
Your horses , O sovereign ,
Are well trained and fleet .
I have made my few verses ,
In prolongation of your song . '


253. 民劳 MIN LU
民亦劳止、汔可小康。
惠此中国、以绥四方 。
无纵诡随、以谨无良。
式遏寇虐、憯不畏明 。
柔远能迩、以定我王。

民亦劳止、汔可小休。
惠此中国、以为民逑 。
无纵诡随、以谨惛怓。
式遏寇虐、无俾民忧 。
无弃尔劳、以为王休。

民亦劳止、汔可小息。
惠此京师、以绥四国 。
无纵诡随、以谨罔极。
式遏寇虐、无俾作慝 。
敬慎威仪、以近有德。

民亦劳止、汔可小愒。
惠此中国、俾民忧泄 。
无纵诡随、以谨丑厉。
式遏寇虐、无俾正败 。
戎虽小子、而式弘大。

民亦劳止、汔可小安。
惠此中国、国无有残 。
无纵诡随、以谨缱绻。
式遏寇虐、无俾正反 。
王欲玉女、是用大谏。

The people indeed are heavily burdened ,
But perhaps a little ease may be got for them .
Let us cherish this centre of the kingdom ,
To secure the repose of the four quarters of it .
Let us give no indulgence to the wily and obsequious ,
In order to make the unconscientious careful ,
And to repress robbers and oppressors ,
Who have no fear of the clear will [of Heaven] .
Then let us show kindness to those who are distant ,
And help those who are near ; --
Thus establishing [the throne of] our king .

The people indeed are heavily burdened ,
But perhaps a little rest may be got for them .
Let us cherish this centre of the kingdom ,
And make it a gathering-place for the people .
Let us give no indulgence to the wily and obsequious ,
In order to make the noisy braggarts careful ,
And to repress robbers and oppressors ; --
So the people shall not have such sorrow .
Do not cast away your [former] service ,
But secure the quiet of the king .

The people indeed are heavily burdened ,
But perhaps a little relief may be got for them .
Let us cherish this capital ,
To secure the repose of the States in the four quarters .
Let us give no indulgence to the wily and obsequious ,
To make careful those who set no limit to themselves ,
And to repress robbers and oppressors ; --
Not allowing them to act out their evil .
Then let us be reverently careful of our demeanour ,
To cultivate association with the virtuous .

The people indeed are heavily burdened ,
But perhaps a little repose may be got for them .
Let us cherish this centre of the kingdom ,
That the sorrow of the people may be dispelled .
Let us give no indulgence to the wily and obsequious ,
In order to make the multitudes of the evil careful ,
And to repress robbers and oppressors ,
So that the right shall not be over thrown .
Though you may be [but as] little children ,
Your work is vast and great .

The people indeed are heavily burdened ,
But perhaps a little tranquillity may be got for them .
Let us cherish this centre of the kingdom ,
That it may not everywhere suffer such wounds .
Let us give no indulgence to the wily and obsequious ,
In order to make the parasites careful ,
And to repress robbers and oppressors ,
So that the right shall not be reversed .
The king wishes to hold you as [sceptres of] jade ,
And therefore I thus strongly admonish you .


254. 板 BAN
上帝板板、下民卒瘅。
出话不然、为犹不远 。
靡圣管管、不实於亶。
犹之未远、是用大谏 。

天之方难、无然宪宪。
天之方蹶、无然泄泄。
辞之辑矣、民之冾矣。
辞之怿矣、民之莫矣 。

我虽异事、及尔同僚。
我即而谋、听我嚣嚣。
我言维服、勿以为笑。
先民有言、询于刍荛 。

天之方虐、无然谑谑。
老夫灌灌、小子蹻蹻。
匪我言耄、尔用忧谑。
多将熇熇、不可救药 。

天之方懠、无为夸毗。
威仪卒迷、善人载尸。
民之方殿屎、则莫我敢葵。
丧乱蔑资、曾莫惠我师 。

天之牖民、如埙如篪。
如璋如圭、如取如携。
携无日益、牖民孔易。
民之多辟、无自立辟 。

价人维藩、大师维垣、大邦维屏、大宗维翰、怀德维宁、宗子维城。
无俾城坏、无独斯畏。

敬天之怒、无敢戏豫。
敬天之渝、无敢驰驱。
昊天曰明、及尔出王。
昊天曰旦、及尔游衍。

God has reversed [His usual course of procedure] ,
And the lower people are full of distress .
The words which you utter are not right ;
The plans which you form are not far-reaching .
As there are not sages , you think you have no guidance ;
You have no reality in your sincerity .
[Thus] your plans do not reach far ,
And I therefore strongly admonish you .

Heaven is now sending down calamities ; --
Do not be so complacent .
Heaven is now producing such movements ; --
Do not be so indifferent .
If your words were harmonious ,
The people would become untied .
If your words were gentle and kind ,
The people would be settled .

Though my duties are different from yours ,
I am your fellow-servant .
I come to advise with you ,
And you hear me with contemptuous indifference .
My words are about the [present urgent] affairs ; --
Do not think them matter for laughter .
The ancients had a saying : --
'Consult the grass and firewood-gatherers . '

Heaven is now exercising oppression ; --
Do not in such a way make a mock of things .
An old man , [I speak] with entire sincerity ;
But you , my juniors , are full of pride .
It is not that my words are those of age ,
But you make a joke of what is sad .
But the troubles will multiply like flames ,
Till they are beyond help or remedy .

Heaven is now displaying its anger ; --
Do not be either boastful or flattering ,.
Utterly departing from all propriety of demeanour ,
Till good men are reduced to personators of the dead .
The people now sigh and groan ,
And we dare not examine [into the causes of their trouble] .
The ruin and disorder are exhausting all their means of living ,
And we show no kindness to our multitudes .

Heaven enlightens the people ,
As the bamboo flute responds to the porcelain whistle ;
As two half maces form a whole one ;
As you take a thing , and bring it away in your hand ,
Bringing it away without any more ado .
The enlightenment of the people is very easy .
They have [now] many perversities ; --
Do not you set up your perversity [before them] .

Good men are a fence ;
The multitudes of the people are a wall ;
Great States are screens ;
Great Families are buttresses ;
The cherishing of virtue secures repose ;
The circle of [the king's] Relatives is a fortified wall .
We must not let the fortified wall get destroyed ;
We must not let him solitary be consumed with terrors .

Revere the anger of Heaven ,
And presume not to make sport or be idle .
Revere the changing moods of Heaven ,
And presume not to drive about [at your pleasure] .
Great Heaven is intelligent ,
And is with you in all your goings .
Great Heaven is clear-seeing ,
And is with you in your wandering and indulgences .

荡之什(DECADE OF DANG)
255. 荡 DANG
荡荡上帝、下民之辟。
疾威上帝、其命多辟。
天生烝民、其命匪谌。
靡不有初、鲜克有终。

文王曰咨、咨女殷商。
曾是强御、曾是掊克。
曾是在位、曾是在服。
天降慆德、女兴是力 。

文王曰咨、咨女殷商。
而秉义类 、强御多怼。
流言以对、寇攘式内。
侯作侯祝、靡届靡究 。

文王曰咨、咨女殷商。
女炰烋于中国、歛怨以为德。
不明尔德、时无背无侧 。
尔德不明、以无陪无卿。

文王曰咨、咨女殷商。
天不湎尔以酒、不义从式。
既愆尔止、靡明靡晦。
式号式呼、俾昼作夜 。

文王曰咨、咨女殷商。
如蜩如螗、如沸如羹。
小大近丧、人尚乎由行。
内奰于中国、覃及鬼方 。

文王曰咨、咨女殷商。
匪上帝不时、殷不用旧。
虽无老成人、尚有典刑。
曾是莫听、大命以倾 。

文王曰咨、咨女殷商。
人亦有言、颠沛之揭。
枝叶未有害、本实先拨。
殷鉴不远、在夏后之世 。

How vast is God ,
The ruler of men below !
How arrayed in terrors is God ,
With many things irregular in His ordinations !
Heaven gave birth to the multitudes of the people ,
But the nature it confers is not to be depended on .
All are [good] at first ,
But few prove themselves to be so at the last .

King Wen said , 'Alas !
Alas ! you [sovereign of] Yin-shang ,
That you should have such violently oppressive ministers ,
That you should have such extortionate exactors ,
That you should have them in offices ,
That you should have them in the conduct of affairs !
Heaven made them with their insolent dispositions ,
But it is you who employ them , and gave them strength . '

King Wen said , 'Alas !
Alas ! you [sovereign of] Yin-shang ,
You ought to employ such as are good ,
But [you employ instead] violent oppressors , who cause many dissatisfactions .
They respond to you with baseless stories ,
And [thus] robbers and thieves are in your court .
Thence come oaths and curses ,
Without limit , without end . '

King Wen said , 'Alas !
Alas ! you [sovereign of] Yin-shang ,
You show a strong fierce will in the centre of the kingdom ,
And consider the contracting of enmities a proof of virtue .
All unintelligent are you of your [proper] virtue ,
And so you have no [good] men behind you , nor by your side .
Without any intelligence of your [proper] virtue ,
You have no [good] intimate adviser nor minister . '

King Wen said , 'Alas !
Alas ! you [sovereign of] Yin-shang ,
It is not Heaven that flushes your face with spirits ,
So that you follow what is evil and imitate it .
You go wrong in all your conduct ;
You make no distinction between the light and the darkness ;
But amid clamour and shouting ,
You turn the day into night . '

King Wen said , 'Alas !
Alas ! you [sovereign of] Yin-shang ,
[All around you] is like the noise of cicadas ,
Or like the bubbling of boiling soup .
Affairs , great and small , are approaching to ruin ;
And still you [and your creatures] go on in this course .
Indignation is rife against you here in the Middle kingdom ,
And extends to the demon regions . '

King Wen said , 'Alas !
Alas ! you [sovereign of] Yin-shang ,
It is not God that has caused this evil time ,
But it arises from Yin's not using the old [ways] .
Although you have not old experienced men ,
There are still the ancient statutes and laws .
But you will not listen to them ,
And so your great appointment is being overthrown . '

King Wen said , 'Alas !
Alas ! you [sovereign of] Yin-shang ,
People have a saying ,
'When a tree falls utterly ,
While its branches and leaves are yet uninjured ,
It must first have been uprooted . '
The beacon of Yin is not far-distant ; --
It is in the age of the [last] sovereign of Xia . '


256. 抑 YI
抑抑威仪、维德之隅。
人亦有言、靡哲不愚。
庶人之愚、亦职维疾。
哲人之愚、亦维斯戾。

无竞维人、四方其训之。
有觉德行、四国顺之。
訏谟定命、远犹辰告。
敬慎威仪、维民之则。

其在于今、兴迷乱于政。
颠覆厥德、荒湛于酒。
女虽湛乐从、弗念厥绍。
罔敷求先生、克共明刑 。

肆皇天弗尚、如彼泉流、无沦胥以亡。
夙兴夜寐、洒扫廷内、维民之章。
修尔车马、弓矢戎兵。
用戒戎作、用逖蛮方 。

质尔人民、谨尔侯度、用戒不虞。
慎尔出话、敬尔威仪、无不柔嘉。
白圭之玷、尚可磨也。
斯言之玷、不可为也 。

无易由言、无日苟矣。
莫扪朕舌、言不可逝矣。
无言不雠、无德不报。
惠于朋友、庶民小子、子孙绳绳、万民靡不承。

视尔友君子、辑柔尔颜、不遐有愆。
相在尔室、尚不媿于屋漏。
无曰不顾、莫予云觏。
神之格思、不可度思、矧可射思。

辟尔为德、俾藏俾嘉。
淑慎尔止、不愆于仪。
不僭不贼、鲜不为则。
投我以桃、报之以李。
彼童而角、实虹小子。

荏染柔木、言缗之丝。
温温恭人、维德之基。
其维哲人、告之话言、顺德之行。
其维愚人、覆谓我僭。
民各有心。

於乎小子、未知藏否。
匪手携之、言示之事。
匪面命之、言提其耳。
借日未知、亦既抱子。
民之靡盈、谁夙知而莫成。

昊天孔昭、我生靡乐。
视尔梦梦、我心惨惨。
诲尔谆谆、听我藐藐。
匪用为教、覆用为虐。
借日未知、亦聿既耄。

於乎小子、告尔旧子。
听用我谋、庶无大悔。
天方艰难、日丧厥国。
取譬不远、昊天不忒。
回遹其德、俾民大棘。

An outward demeanour , cautious and grave ,
Is an indication of the [inward] virtue .
People have the saying ,
'There is no wise man who is not [also] stupid . '
The stupidity of the ordinary man ,
Is determined by his [natural] defects .
The stupidity of the wise man ,

What is most powerful is the being the man ; --
In all quarters [of the State] men are influenced by it .
To an upright virtuous conduct ,
All in the four quarters of the State render obedient homage .
With great counsels and determinate orders ,
With far-reaching plans and timely announcements ,
And with reverent care of his outward demeanour ,
One will become the pattern of the people .
Is from his doing violence [to his natural character] .

As for the circumstances of the present time ,
You are bent on error and confusion in your government .
Your virtue is subverted ;
You are besotted by drink .
Although you thus pursue nothing but pleasure ,
How is it you do not think of your relation to the past ,
And do not widely study the former kings ,
That you might hold fast their wise laws ?

Shall not those whom great Heaven does not approve of ,
Surely as the waters flow from a spring ,
Sink down together to ruin ?
Rise early and go to bed late ,
Sprinkle and sweep your court-yard ; --
So as to be a pattern to the people .
Have in good order your chariots and horses ,
Your bows and arrows , and [other] weapons of war ; --
To be prepared for warlike action ,
To keep at a distance [the hordes of] the South .

Perfect what concerns your officers and people ;
Be careful of your duties as a prince [of the kingdom] ; --
To be prepared for unforeseen dangers .
Be cautious of what you say ;
Be reverently careful of your outward demeanour ;
In all things be mild and correct .
A flaw in a mace of white jade ,
May be ground away ,
But for a flaw in speech ,
Nothing can be done .

Do not speak lightly ; -- your words are your own : --
Do not say , ' This is of little importance . '
No one can hold my tongue for me ;
Words are not to be cast away .
Every word finds its answer ;
Every good deed has its recompense .
If you are gracious among your friends ,
And to the people , as if they were your children ,
Your descendants will continue in unbroken line ,
And all the people will surely be obedient to you .

Looked at in friendly intercourse with superior men ,
You make your countenance harmonious and mild ; --
Anxious not to do anything wrong .
Looked at in your chamber ,
You ought to be equally free from shame before the light which shines in .
Do not say , ' This place is not public ;
No one can see me here . '
The approaches of spiritual Beings ,
Cannot be calculated [beforehand] ;
But the more should they not be slighted .

O prince , let your practice of virtue ,
Be entirely good and admirable .
Watch well over your behaviour ,
And allow nothing wrong in your demeanour .
Committing no excess , doing nothing injurious ; --
There are few who will not in such a case take you for their pattern .
When one throws to me a peach ,
I return to him a plum .
To look for horns on a young ram ,
Will only weary you , my son .

The soft and elastic wood ,
Can be fitted with the silken string .
The mild and the respectful man ,
Possesses the foundation of virtue .
There is a wise man ; --
I tell him [good] words ,
And he yields to them the practice of docile virtue .
There is a stupid man ; --
He says on the contrary that my words are not true : --
So different are people's minds .

Oh ! my son ,
When you did not know what was good , and what was not good ,
Not [only] did I lead you on by the hand ,
But I showed the difference by appealing to affairs .
Not [only] did I charge you face to face ,
But I held you by the ears .
And still perhaps you do not know ,
Although you have held a son in your arms .
If people are not self-sufficient ,
Who comes [only] to a late maturity after early instruction ?

Great Heaven is very intelligent ,
And I pass my life without pleasure .
When I see you so dark and stupid ,
My heart is full of pain .
I taught you with assiduous repetition ,
And you listened to me with contempt .
You would nto consider me your teacher ,
But regarded me as troublesome .
Still perhaps you do not know ; --
But you are very old .

Oh ! my son ,
I have told you the old ways .
Hear and follow my counsels ; --
Then shall you have no cause for great regret .
Heaven is now inflicting calamities ,
And is destroying the State .
My illustrations are not taken from things remote ; --
Great Heaven makes no mistakes .
If you go on to deteriorate in your virtue ,
You will bring the people to great distress .


257. 桑柔 SANG ROU
菀彼桑柔、其下侯旬。
捋采其刘、瘼此下民。
不殄心忧、仓兄填兮。
倬彼昊天、宁不我矜。

四牡騤騤、旟旐有翩。
乱生不夷、靡国不泯。
民靡有黎、具祸以烬。
於乎有哀、国步斯频。

国步蔑资、天不我将。
靡所止疑、云徂何往。
君子实维、秉心无竞。
谁生厉阶、至今为梗。

忧心殷殷、念我土宇。
我生不辰、逢天僤努。
自西徂东、靡所定处。
多我觏痻、孔棘我圉。

为谋为毖、乱况斯削。
告尔忧恤、诲尔序爵。
谁能执热、逝不以濯。
其何能淑、载胥及溺。

如彼溯风、亦孔之僾。
民有肃心、荓云不逮。
好是稼穑、力民代食。
稼穑维宝、代食维好。

天降丧乱、灭我立王。
降此蟊贼、稼穑卒痒。
哀恫中国、具赘卒荒。
靡有旅力、以念穹苍。

维此惠君、民人所瞻。
秉心宣犹、考慎其相。
维彼不顺、自独俾臧。
自有肺肠、俾民卒狂。

瞻彼中林、甡甡其鹿。
朋友已谮、不胥以谷。
人亦有言、进退维谷。

维此圣人、瞻言百里。
维彼愚人、覆狂以喜。
匪言不能、胡斯畏忌。

维此良人、弗求弗迪。
维彼忍心、是顾是复。
民之贪乱、宁为荼毒。

大风有隧、有空大谷。
维此良人、作为式谷。
维彼不顺、征以中垢。

大风有隧、贪人败类。
听言则对、诵言如醉。
匪用其良、覆俾我悖。

嗟尔朋友、予岂不知而作。
如彼飞虫、时亦弋获。
既之阴女、反予来赫。

民之罔极、职凉善背。
为民不利、如云不克。
民之回遹、职竞用力。

民之未戾、职盗为寇。
凉曰不可、覆背善詈。
虽曰匪予、既作尔歌。

Luxuriantly is that young mulberry tree ,
And beneath it wide is the shade ;
But they will pluck its leaves till it is quite destroyed .
The distress inflicted on these [multitudes of the ] people ,
Is an unceasing sorrow to my heart ; --
My commiseration fills [my breast] .
O thou bright and great Heaven ,
Shouldest thou not have compassion on us ?

The four steeds [gallop about] , eager and strong ;
The tortoise-and-serpent and the falcon banners fly about .
Disorder grows , and no peace can be secured .
Every State is being ruined ;
There are no black heads among the people ;
All are reduced to ashes , [as it were] , by calamity .
Oh ! alas !
The doom of the kingdom hurries on .

There is nothing to arrest the doom of the kingdom ;
Heaven does not nourish us .
There is no place in which to stop securely ;
There is no place to which to go .
Superior men are the bonds [of the social state] ,
Allowing no love of strife in their hearts .
Who reared the steps of the dissatisfaction ,
Which has reached the present distress ?

The grief of my heart is extreme ,
And I dwell on [the condition of] our territory .
I was born at an unhappy time ,
To meet with the severe anger of Heaven .
From the west to the east ,
There is no quiet place of abiding .
Many are the distresses I meet with ;
Very urgent is the trouble on our borders .

You have your counsels ; you employ caution ;
But the disorder grows and dismemberments ensue .
I tell you the subjects for anxiety ;
I instruct you how to distinguish the orders of men .
Who can hold anything hot ?
Must he not dip it [first] in water ?
How can you [by your method] bring a good state of things about ?
You [and your advisers] will sink together in ruin .

[The state of things] is like going in the teeth of the wind ,
Which makes one quite breathless .
Some have a mind to go forward ,
But they are made to think it is of no use to do so .
They attach themselves to husbandry ,
And labour like the people instead of eating [the bread of office] .
Their sowing and reaping are precious to them ;
They love this substitute for [official] emolument .

Heaven is sending down death and disorder ,
And has put an end to our king .
It is sending down those devourers of the grain ,
So that the husbandry is all in evil case .
All is in peril and going to ruin ;
I have no strength [to do anything] ,
And think of [the Power in] the azure vault .

Here is a good and righteous ruler ,
Who is looked up to by the people and by all ; --
He keeps his heart , and his plans are formed on mature deliberation ,
Searching carefully for helpers .
There is one who has no such character ,
But reckons only to his own views to be good ; --
He holds only to his own thoughts ,
And causes the people to be distracted .

Look into the middle of that forest ,
At the herds of deer roaming together .
[But here] friends are insincere ,
And do not help one another in what is good .
People have the saying ,
'To go forwards or backwards is alike impracticable . '

Here is a wise man ; --
His views and words reach to a hundred Li ,
There is a stupid man ; --
He on the contrary rejoices in his madness .
It is not that I could not speak [all this] ; --
How is it I was withheld by my fear ?

Here is a good man ,
But he is not sought out nor employed .
There is a hard-hearted man ,
And he is thought of and promoted once and again .
The people [in consequence] desire disorder ,
And find emjoyment in bitter , poisonous ways .

Great winds have a path ; --
They come from the large empty valleys .
Here is a good man ,
Whose doings will be good .
There is a man unobservant of the right ,
Whose goings will be according to his inward filthiness .

Great winds have a path ; --
The covetous men try to subvert their peers .
I would speak , if he would hear my words ,
But I can [only] croon them over as if I were drunk .
He will not employ the good ,
And on the contrary causes me [such] distress .

Ah ! my friends ,
Is it in ignorance that I make [this ode]?
[But it may happen] as in the case of a bird on the wing ,
Which sometimes is hit and caught .
I go to do you good ,
But you become the more incensed against me .

The unlimited disorder of the people ,
Is owing to those hypocrites , skilful to prevaricate .
They work out the injury of the people ,
As if their efforts were not equal to it .
The depravity of the people ,
Is brought about by their strenuous endeavours .

That the people are unsettled ,
Is owing to the robbers that prey on them .
Hypocritical , they say ' These men will not do ; '
But when their backs are turned , they show their skill in reviling [the good] .
Although you say , ' We did not do this , '
I have made this song about you .


258. 云汉 YUN HAN
倬彼云汉、昭回于天。
王曰於乎、何辜今之人。
天降丧乱、饥馑荐臻。
靡神不举、靡爱斯牲。
圭璧既卒、宁莫我听。

旱既大甚、蕴隆虫虫。
不殄禋祀、自郊徂宫。
上下尊瘗、靡神不宗。
后稷不克、上帝不临。
耗斁下土、宁丁我躬。

旱既大甚、则不可推。
兢兢业业、如霆如雷。
周余黎民、靡有孑遗。
昊天上帝、则我不遗。
胡不相畏、先祖于摧。

旱既大甚、则不可沮。
赫赫炎炎、云我无所。
大命近止、靡瞻靡顾。
群公先正、则不我助。
父母先祖、胡宁忍予。

旱既大甚、涤涤山川。
旱魃为虐、如惔如焚。
我心惮暑、忧心如熏。
群公先正、则不我闻。
昊天上帝、宁俾我遯。

旱既大甚、黾勉畏去。
胡宁瘨我以旱、憯不知其故。
祈年孔夙、方社不莫。
昊天上帝、则我不虞。
敬恭明神、宜无悔怒。

旱既大甚、散无友纪。
鞫哉庶正、疚哉冢宰。
趣马师氏、膳夫左右。
靡人不周、无不能正。
瞻卬昊天、云如何里。

瞻卬昊天、有嘒其星。
大夫君子、昭假无嬴。
大命近止、无弃尔成。
何求为我、以戾庶正。
瞻卬昊天、曷惠其宁。

Bright was that milky way ,
Shining and revolving in the sky .
The king said , 'Oh !
What crime is chargeable on us now ,
That Heaven [thus] sends down death and disorder ?
Famine comes again and again .
There is no victim I have grudged ;
Our maces and other tokens are exhausted : --
How is it that I am not heard ?

'The drought is excessive ;
Its fervours become more and more tormenting .
I have not ceased offering pure sacrifices ;
From the border altars I have gone to the ancestral temple .
To the [Powers] above and below I have presented my offerings and then buried th em : --
There is no Spirit whom I have not honoured .
Hou-ji is not equal to the occasion ;
God does not come to us .
This wasting and ruin of our country , --
Would that it fell [only] on me !

'The drought is excessive ;
And I may not try to excuse myself .
I am full of terror and feel the peril ,
Like the clap of thunder or the roll .
Of the remnant of Zhou , among the black-haired people ,
There will not be half a man left ;
Nor will God from His great heaven ,
Exempt [even] me .
Shall we not mingle our fears together ?
[The sacrifices to] my ancestors will be extinguished .

'The drought is excessive ;
And it cannot be stopped .
More fierce and fiery ,
It is leaving me no place .
My end is near ; --
I have none to look up to , none to look around to .
The many dukes and their ministers of the past ,
Give me no help .
O ye parents and [nearer] ancestors ,
How can ye bear to see us thus ?

'The drought is excessive ; --
Parched are the hills , and the streams are dried .
The demon of drought exercises his oppression .
As if scattering flames and fire .
My heart is terrified with the heat ; --
My sorrowing heart is as if on fire .
The many dukes and their ministers of the past ,
Do not hear me ,
O God , from Thy great heaven ,
Grant me the liberty to withdraw [into retirement] !

'The drought is excessive ; --
I struggle , and fear to go away .
How is it I am afflicted with this drought ?
I cannot ascertain the cause of it .
In praying for a good year I was abundantly early ;
I was not late [in sacrificing] to [the Spirits] of the four quarters and of the land .
God in the great heaven ,
Does not consider me .
Reverent to the intelligent Spirits ,
I ought not to be thus the object of their anger .

'The drought is excessive ; --
All is dispersion , and the bonds of government are relaxed .
Reduced to extremities are the Heads of departments ;
Full of distress are my chief minister ,
The master of the horse , the commander of the guards ,
The chief cook , and my attendants .
There is no one who has not [tried to] help [the people] ;
They have not refrained on the ground of being unable .
I look up to the great heaven ; --
Why am I plunged in this sorrow ?

'I look up to the great heaven ,
But its stars sparkle bright .
My great officers and excellent men ,
Ye have drawn near [to Heaven] with reverence with all your powers .
Death is approaching ,
But do not cast away what you have done .
You are seeking not for me only ,
But to give rest to all our departments .
I look up to the great heaven ; --
When shall I be favoured with repose ?


259. 崧高 SONG GAO
崧高维岳、骏极于天。
维岳降神、生甫及申。
维申及甫、维周之翰。
四国于蕃、四方于宣。

亹亹申伯、王缵之事。
于邑于谢、南国是式。
王命召伯、定申伯之宅。
登是南邦、世执其功。

王命申伯、式是南邦。
因是谢人、以作尔庸。
王命召伯、彻申伯土田。
王命傅御、迁其私人。

申伯之功、召伯是营。
有俶其城、寝庙既成。
既成藐藐、王锡申伯。
四牡蹻蹻、钩膺濯濯。

王遣申伯、路车乘马。
我图尔居、莫如南土。
锡尔介圭、以作尔宝。
往近王舅、南土是保。

申伯信迈、王饯于郿。
申伯还南、谢于诚归。
王命召伯、彻申伯土疆。
以峙其粻、式遄其行。

申伯番番、既入于谢、徒御嘽嘽。
周邦咸喜、戎有良翰。
不显申伯、王之元舅、文武是宪。

申伯之德、柔惠且直。
揉此万邦、闻于四国。
吉甫作诵、其诗孔硕、其风肆好、以赠申伯。

Grandly lofty are the mountains ,
With their large masses reaching to the heavens .
From these mountains was sent down a Spirit ,
Who gave birth to [the princes of] Fu and shen .
Fu and Shen ,
Are the support of Zhou ,
Screens to all the States ,
Diffusing [their influence] over the four quarters of the kingdom .

Full of activity is the chief of Shen ,
And the king would employ him to continue the services [of his fathers] ,
With his capital in Xie ,
Where he should be a pattern to the States of the south .
The king gave charge to the earl of Zhou ,
To arrange all about the residence of the chief of Shen ,
Where he should do what was neccessary for the regions of the south ,
And where his posterity might maintain his merit .

The king gave charge to the chief of Shen ,
'Be a pattern to the regions of the south ,
And by means of those people of Xie ,
Proceed to display your merit . '
The king gave charge to the earl of Zhou ,
To make the statutory definition of the territory and fields of the chief of She n .
The king gave charge to the chief 's steward ,
To remove the members of his family to the spot .

Of the services of the chief of Shen ,
The foundation was laid by the earl of Zhou ,
Who built first the walls [of this city] ,
And then completed his ancestral temple .
When the temple was completed , wide and grand ,
The king conferred on the chief of Shen ,
Four noble steeds ,
With their hooks for the trappings of the breast-bands , glittering bright .

The king sent away the chief of Shen ,
With its carriage of state and its team of horses .
'I have consulted about your residence ,
That it had best be fixed in the South .
I confer on you a great sceptre ,
As the symbol of your dignity .
Go , my uncle ,
And protect the country of the South .'

The chief of Shen took his departure ,
And the king gave him a parting feast in Mei .
Then the chief of Shen returned , [and proceeded] to the south ,
And found himself at last in Xie .
The king had given charge to the earl of Zhou ,
To make the statutory division of the lands ,
And to lay up stores of provisions ,
That the progress of the chief might be accelerated .

Martial-like , the chief of Shen ,
Entered into Xie .
His footmen and charioteers were numerous ,
And throughout the regions of Zhou all rejoiced .
'You have got a good support : --
Very distinguished is the chief of Shen ,
The great uncle of the king ,
The pattern of the officers , both civil and military . '

The virtue of the chief of Shen ,
Is mild , and regulated , and upright .
He will keep all these countries in order ,
And be famed throughout the kingdom .
[I] , Ji-fu , made this song ,
An ode of great excellence ,
Of influence good ,
To present to the chief of Shen .


260. 烝民 ZHENG MIN
天生烝民、有物有则。
民之秉彝、好是懿德。
天监有周、昭假于下、保兹天子、生仲山甫。

仲山甫之德、柔嘉维则。
令仪令色、小心翼翼。
古训是式、威仪是力、天子是若、明命使赋。

王命仲山甫、式是百辟。
缵戎祖考、王躬是保。
出纳王命、王之喉舌。
赋政于外、四方爰发。

肃肃王命、仲山甫将之。
邦国若否、仲山甫明之。
既明且哲、以保其身。
夙夜匪解、以事一人。

人亦有言、柔则茹之、刚则吐之。
维仲山甫、柔亦不茹、刚亦不吐、不侮矜寡、不畏疆御。

人亦有言、德輶如毛、民鲜克举之。
我仪图之、维仲山甫举之、爱莫助之。
衮职有阙、维仲山甫补之。

仲山甫出祖、四牡业业、征夫捷捷、每怀靡及。
四牡彭彭、八鸾锵锵。
王命仲山甫、城彼东方。

四牡騤騤、八鸾喈喈。
仲山甫徂齐、式遄其归。
吉甫作诵、穆如清风。仲山甫永怀、以慰其心。

Heaven , in giving birth to the multitudes of the people ,
To every faculty and relationship annexed its law .
The people possess this normal nature ,
And they [consequently] love its normal virtue .
Heaven beheld the ruler of Zhou ,
Brilliantly affecting it by his conduct below ;
And to maintain him , its Son ,
Gave birth to Zhong Shan-fu .

The virtue of Zhong Shan-fu ,
Is mild and admirable , according as it ought to be .
Good is his deportment ; good his looks ;
The lessons of antiquity are his law ;
He is strenuously attentive to his deportment .
In full accord with the Son of Heaven ,
He is employed to spread abroad his bright decrees .

The king gave charge to Zhong Shan-fu : --
'Be a pattern to all the princes ;
Continue [the services of] your ancestors .
You have to protect the royal person ;
Give out the royal decrees , and report on them .
Be the king's throat and tongue ;
Spread his government abroad ,
So that in all quarters it shall be responded to . '

Most dignified was the king's charge ,
And Zhong Shan-fu carries it into execution .
In the States , the princes , be they good or bad ,
Are clearly distinguished by Zhong Shan-fu .
Intelligent is he and wise ,
Protecting his own person ;
Never idle , day or night ,
In the service of the One man .

The people have a saying : --
'The soft is devoured ,
And the hard is ejected from the mouth . '
But Zhong Shan-fu ,
Does not devour the soft ,
Nor eject the powerful .
He does not insult the poor or the widow ;
He does not fear the strong or the oppressive .

The people have a saying : --
'Virtue is light as a hair ,
But few are able to lift it . '
When I think of the matter ,
It is only Zhong Shan-fu that can lift it .
I love him , but can do nothing to help him .
Any defects in the king's duties ,
Are supplied by Zhong Shan-fu .

Zhong Shan-fu went forth , having sacrificed to the Spirit of the road .
His four steeds were strong ;
His men were alert ;
He was always anxious lest he should not be equal to his commission ;
His steeds went on without stopping ,
To the tinkling of their eight bells .
The king had given charge to Zhong Shan-fu ,
To fortify the city there in the east .

With his four steeds so strong ,
And their eight bells , all tinkling ,
Zhong Shan-fu proceeded to Qi ; --
And he will soon return .
I , Yin Ji-fu , have made this song : --
May it enter like a quiet wind ,
Among the constant anxieties of Zhong Shan-fu ,
To soothe his mind !


261. 韩奕 HAN YI
奕奕梁山、维禹甸之、有倬其道。
韩侯受命、王亲命之、缵戎祖考。
无废朕命、夙夜匪解。
虔共尔位、朕命不易。
干不庭方、以佐戎辟。

四牡奕奕、孔修且张。
韩侯入觐、以其介圭、入觐于王。
王锡韩侯、淑旗绥章。
簟茀错衡。
玄衮赤舄、钩膺镂锡、鞹鞃浅幭、鞗革金厄。

韩侯出祖、出宿于屠。
显父饯之、清酒百壶。
其殽维何、炰鳖鲜鱼。
其蔌维何、维笋及蒲。
其赠维何、乘马路车。
笾豆有且、侯氏燕胥。

韩侯取妻、汾王之甥、蹶父之子。
韩侯迎止、于蹶之里。
百两彭彭、八鸾锵锵、不显其光。
诸娣从之、祁祁如云。
韩侯顾之、烂其盈门。

蹶父孔武、靡国不到。
为韩姞相攸、莫如韩乐。
孔乐韩土、川泽訏訏、鲂鱮甫甫、麀鹿噳噳、有熊有罴、有猫有虎。
庆既令居、韩姞燕誉。

溥彼韩城、燕师所完。
以先祖受命、因时百蛮。
王锡韩侯、其追其貊、奄受北国、因以其伯。
实墉实壑、实亩实籍、献其貔皮、赤豹黄罴。

Very grand is the mountain of Liang ,
Which was made cultivable by Yu .
Bright it is the way from it ,
[Along which came] the marquis of Han to receive investiture .
The king himself gave the charge : --
'Continue the services of your ancestors ;
Let not my charge to you come to nought .
Be diligent , early and late ,
And reverently discharge your duties ; --
So shall my appointment of you not change .
Be a support against those princes who do not come to court ,
Thus assisting your sovereign . '

With his four steeds , all noble ,
Very long , and large ,
The marquis of Han came to court ,
With the large sceptre of his rank ; --
He entered and appeared before the king .
The king gave him ,
A fine dragon-flag , with its feathery ornaments ;
A chequered bamboo-screen , and an ornamented yoke ;
A dark-coloured robe with the dragons on it , and the redslippers ;
The hooks for the trappings of the breast-bands , and the carved frontlets ;
The leaning-board bound with leather , and a tiger's skin to cover it ,
The ends of the reins , with their metal rings .

When the marquis of Han left the court , he sacrificed to the Spirit of the road ;
He went forth , and lodged for the night in Tu .
There Xian-fu gave him the parting feast ; --
With a hundred vases of clear spirits .
And what were the viands ?
Roast turtle and fresh fish .
And what were the vegetables ?
Bamboo sprouts and pu.
And what were the gifts ?
A carriage of state with its team .
Many were the vessels of sauces and fruits ;
And the other princes [at court] joined in the feast .

The marquis of Han took to himself a wife , --
A niece of king Fen ,
The daughter of Jue-fu .
The marquis of Han went to receive her .
To the residence of Jue .
His hundred chariots were in grand array ,
The eight bells of each emitting their tinkling ; --
Illustrious was the glory [of the occasion] .
The virgins , her companions , followed the lady ,
Leisurely like a beautiful cloud .
The marquis of Han looked round at them ,
Filling the gate with their splendour .

Jue-fu is very martial ,
And there is no State which he had not visited .
When he would select a home for Han-ji ,
There seemed none so pleasant as Han ,
Very pleasant is the territory of Han ,
With its large streams and meres ,
Full of big bream and tench ;
With its multitudes of deer ,
With its bears and grisly bears ;
With its wild-cats and tigers .
Glad was he of so admirable a situation ,
And here Han-ji found rest and joy .

Large is the wall of [the city of] Han ,
Built by the multitudes of Yan .
As his ancestor had received charge ,
To preside over all the wild tribes [of that quarter] ,
The king [now] gave to the marquis of Han ,
The Qi and the Mo ,
Forthwith to hold the States of the north ,
And to preside over them as their chief ;
Making strong his walls , and deep his moats ,
Laying out his fields , regulating his revenues ,
Presenting his skins of the white fox ,
With those of the red panther and the yellow grisly bear .


262. 江汉 JIANG HAN
江汉浮浮、武夫滔滔。
匪安匪游、淮夷来求。
既出我车、既设我旟。
匪安匪舒、淮夷来铺。

江汉汤汤、武夫洸洸。
经营四方、告成于王。
四方既平、王国庶定。
时靡有争、王心载宁。

江汉之浒、王命昭虎、式辟四方、彻我疆土。
匪疚匪棘、王国来极。
于理于理、至于南海。

王命昭虎、来旬来宣。
文武受命、召公维翰。
无曰予小子、召公是似。
肇敏戎公、用锡尔祉。

厘尔圭瓒、鬯一卣。
告于文人、锡山土田。
于周受命、自召祖命。
虎拜稽首、天子万年。

虎拜稽首、对扬王休、作召公考、天子万寿。
明明天子、令闻不已、矢其文德、洽此四国。

Large was the volume of the Jiang and the Han ,
And the troops advanced like a flowing current .
There was no resting , no idle wandering ; --
We were seeking for the tribes of the Huai .
We had sent forth our chariots ;
We had displayed our falcon-banners .
There was no resting , no remissness ; --
Against the tribes of the Huai were we marshalled .

Large flowed the Jiang and the Han ,
And grandly martial looked the troops .
The whole country had been reduced to order ,
And an announcement of our success had been made to be king .
When the whole country was pacified ,
The king's State began to feel settled .
There was then an end of strife ,
And the king's heart was composed .

On the banks of the Jiang and the Han ,
The king had given charge to Hu of Zhou : --
'Open up the whole of the country ;
Make the statutory division of my lands there ;
Not to distress the people , nor with urgency ,
But making them conform to the royal state .
Make the larger and the smaller divisions of hte ground ,
As far as the southern sea . '

The king gave charge to Hu of Zhou : --
'You have everywhere diffused [and carried out my orders] .
When Wen and Wu received their appointment ,
The duke of Zhou was their strong support .
You do not [only] have a regard to me the little child ,
But you try to resemble that duke of Zhou .
You have commenced and earnestly displayed your merit ;
And I will make you happy .

'I give you a large libation-cup of jade ,
And a jar of herb-flavoured spirits from the black millet .
I have made announcement to the accomplished one ,
And confer on you hills , lands , and fields .
In Yu-zhou shall you receive investiture ,
According as your ancestor received his . '
Hu bowed with his head to the ground , [and said] ,
'May the Son of Heaven live for ever ! '

Hu bowed with his head to the ground ,
And in response displayed the goodness of the king ,
And roused himself to maintain the fame of his ancestor .
'May the Son of Heaven live for ever !
Very intelligent is the Son of Heaven ;
His good fame shall be without end .
Let him display his civil virtues ,
Till they permeate all quarters of the kingdom .


263. 常武 CHANG WU
赫赫明明、王命卿士、南仲大祖、大师皇父。
整我六师、以修我戎。
既敬既戒、惠此南国。

王谓尹氏、命程伯休父。
左右陈行、戒我师旅。
率彼淮浦、省此徐土。
不留不处、三事就绪。

赫赫业业、有严天子。
王舒保作、匪绍匪游、徐方绎骚。
震惊徐方、如雷如霆、徐方震惊。

王奋厥武、如震如怒。
进厥虎臣、阚如虓虎。
铺敦淮濆、仍执丑虏。
截彼淮浦、王师之所。

王旅嘽嘽、如飞如翰、如江如汉、如山之苞、如川之流、绵绵翼翼、不测不克、濯征徐国。

王犹允塞、徐方既来。
徐方既同、天子之功。
四方既平、徐方来庭。
徐方不回、王曰还归。

Grandly and clearly ,
The king gave charge to his minister ,
A descendant of Nan Zhong ,
The Grand-master Huang-fu : --
'Put my six armies in order ,
And get ready all my apparatus of war .
Be reverent , be cautious ,
That we may give comfort to the States of the south . '

The king said to the Head of the Yin clan ,
'Give a charge to Xiu-fu , earl of Cheng ,
To undertake the arrangement of the ranks ,
And to warn all my troops .
Along the bank of the Huai ,
[We go] to see the land of Xu ,
Not delaying [our march] , not occupying [the territory] ,
That the threefold labours [of husbandry ] may proceed in order . '

Full of grandeur and strength ,
The Son of Heaven looked majestic .
Leisurely and calmly the king advanced ,
Not with his troops in masses , nor in broken lines .
The region of Xu from stage to stage was moved ;
It shook and was terrified , -- the region of Xu .
As by the roll of thunder or its sudden crash ,
The region of Xu shook and was terrified .

The king aroused his warlike energy ,
As if he were moved with anger .
He advanced his tiger-like officers .
Looking fierce like raging tigers .
He displayed his masses along the bank of the Huai ,
And forthwith seized a crowd of captives .
Securely kept was the country about the bank of the Huai ,
Occupied by the royal armies .

The royal legions were numerous ;
[Swift] as if they flew on wings ,
[Imposing] as the current of the Jiang and the Han ;
Firm as a mountain ;
Rolling on like a stream ;
Continuous and orderly ;
Inscrutable , invincible ;
Grandly proceeding to set in order the States of Xu .

The king's plans were directed in truth and sincerity ,
And the region of Xu came [at once to terms] ;
Its [chiefs] were all collected together ; --
Through the merit of the Son of Heaven .
The country was all reduced to order ;
Its [chiefs] appeared before the king .
They would not again change their minds ,
And the kings said , ' Let us return . '


264. 瞻卬 ZHAN YANG
瞻卬昊天、则我不惠。
孔填不宁、降此大厉。
邦靡有定、士民其瘵。
蟊贼蟊疾、靡有夷届。
罪罟不收、靡有夷瘳。

人有土田、女反有之。
人有民人、女覆夺之。
此宜无罪、女反收之。
彼宜有罪、女覆说之。

哲夫成城、哲妇倾城。
懿厥哲妇、为枭为鸱。
妇有长舌、维厉之阶。
乱匪降自天、生自妇人。
匪教匪诲、时维妇寺。

鞫人忮忒、谮始竟背。
岂曰不极、伊胡为慝。
如贾三倍、君子是识。
妇无公事、休其蚕织。

天何以刺、何神不富。
舍尔介狄、维予胥忌。
不吊不祥、威仪不类。
人之云亡、邦国殄瘁。

天之降罔、维其优仪。
人之云亡、心之忧矣。
天之降罔、维其几矣。
人之云亡、心之悲矣。

觱沸槛泉、维其深矣。
心之忧矣、宁自今矣。
不自我先、不自我後。
藐藐昊天、无不克巩。
无忝皇祖、式救尔後。

I look up to great Heaven ,
But it shows us no kindness .
Very long have we been disquieted ,
And these great calamities are sent down [upon us] .
There is nothing settled in the country ;
Officers and people are in distress .
Through the insects from without and from within ,
There is no peace or limit [to our misery] .
The net of crime is not taken up ,
And there is no peace nor cure [for our state] .

Men had their ground and fields ,
But you have them [now] .
Men had their people and followers ,
But you have violently taken them from them .
Here is one who ought to be held guiltless ,
But you snare him [in the net of crime] .
There is one who ought to be held guilty ,
But you let him escape [from it] .

A wise man builds up the wall [of a city] ,
But a wise woman overthrows it .
Admirable may be the wise woman ,
But she is [no batter than] an owl .
A woman with a long tongue ,
Is [like] a stepping-stone to disorder .
[Disorder] does not come down from heaven ; --
It is produced by the woman .
Those from whom come no lessons , no instruction ,
Are women and eunuchs .

They beat men down , hurtful , deceitful .
Their slanders in the beginning may be falsified in the end ,
But they do not say [that their words were] very wrong ; --
[They say] , ' What evil was there in them ?
As if in the three times cent per cent of traffic ,
A superior man should have any knowledge of it ;
So a woman who has nothing to do with public affairs ,
Leaves her silk-worms and weaving .

Why is it that Heaven is [thus] reproving [you] ?
Why is it that the Spirits are not blessing [you] ?
You neglect your great barbarian [foes] ,
And regard me with hatred .
You are reagrdless of the evil omens [that abound] ,
And your demeanour is all-unseemly ;
[Good] men are going away ,
And the country is sure to go to ruin .

Heaven is letting down its net ,
And many [are the calamities in it] .
[Good] men are going away ,
And my heart is sorrowful .
Heaven is letting down its net ,
And soon [will all be caught in it ] .
Good men are going away .
And my heart is sad .

Right from the spring comes the water bubbling ,
Revealing its depth .
The sorrow of my heart , --
Is it [only] of to-day ?
Why were these things not before me ?
Or why were they not after me ?
But myteriously Great Heaven ,
Is able to strengthen anything ;
Do not disgrace your great ancestors ,
And it will save your posterity .


265. 召旻 ZHOU WEN
旻天疾威、天笃降丧。
瘨我饥馑、民卒流亡。
我居圉卒荒。

天降罪罟、蟊贼内讧、昏椓靡共、
溃溃回遹、实靖夷我邦。

皋皋訿訿、曾不知其玷。
兢兢业业、孔填不宁、我位孔贬。

如彼岁早、草不溃茂。
如彼栖苴。
我相此邦、无不溃止。

维昔之富、不如时、维今之疚、不如兹。
彼疏斯粺、胡不自替、职兄斯引。

池之竭矣、不云自频。
泉之竭矣、不云自中。
溥斯害矣、职兄斯弘、不灾我躬。

昔先王受命、有如召公、日辟国百里。
今也日蹙国百里。
於乎哀哉、维今之人、不尚有旧。

Compassionate Heaven is arrayed in angry terrors ;
Heaven is indeed sending down ruin ,
Afflicting us with famine ,
So that the people are all wandering fugitives ; --
In the settled regions and on the borders all is desolation .

Heaven sends down its net of crime ; --
Devouring insects , who weary and confuse men's minds ,
Ignorant , oppressive , neglient ,
Breeders of confusion , utterly perverse : --
These are the men employed to tranquilize our country .

Insolent and slanderous , --
[The king] does not know a flaw in them .
We , careful and feeling in peril ,
For long in unrest ,
Are constantly subjected to degradation .

As in a year of drought ,
The grass not attaining to luxuriance ;
As water plants attached to a tree ;
So do I see in this country ,
All going to confusion .

The wealth of former days ,,
Was not like our present condition .
The distress of the present ,
Did not previously reach this degree .
Those are [like] coarse rice , these are [like] fine ; --
Why do you not retire of yourselves ,
But prolong my anxious sorrow ?

A pool becomes dry , --
Is it not because no water comes to it from its banks ?
A spring becomes dry , --
Is it not because no water rises in it from itself ?
Great is the injury [all about] .
So that my anxious sorrow is increased .
Will not calamity light on my person ?

Formerly when the former kings received their appointment ,
There were such ministers as the duke of Zhou ,
Who would in a day enlarge the kingdom a hundred Li ;
Now it is contracted in a day a hundred Li .
Oh ! Alas !
Among the men of the present day ,
Are there not still some with the old virtue ?



(ODES OF THE TEMPLE AND THE ALTAR)
颂者、宗庙之乐歌、大序所谓美盛德之形容、以其成功、告於神明者也。盖颂与容、古字通用、故序以此言之。周颂三十一篇、多周公所定、而亦或有康王以後之诗。鲁颂四篇、商颂五篇、因亦以类附焉。凡五卷。
周颂清庙之什 (SACRIFICIAL ODES OF ZHOU, DECADE OF QING MIAO)
266. 清庙 QING MIAO
於穆清庙、肃雝显相。
济济多士、秉文之德。
对越在天、骏奔走在庙。
不显不承、无射於人斯。

Ah ! solemn is the ancestral temple in its pure stillness .
Reverent and harmonious were the distinguished assistants ;
Great was the number of the officers : --
[All] assiduous followers of the virtue of [king] Wen .
In response to him in heaven ,
Grandly they hurried about in the temple .
Distinguished is he and honoured ,
And will never be wearied of among men .


267. 维天之命 WEI TIAN ZHI MING
维天之命、於穆不已。
於乎不显、文王之德之纯。
假以溢我、我其收之。
骏惠我文王、曾孙笃之。

The ordinances of Heaven , --
How deep are they and unintermitting !
And oh ! how illustrious ,
Was the singleness of the virtue of king Wen !
How does he [now] show his kindness ?
We will receive [his favour] ,
Striving to be in accord with him , our king Wen ;
And may his remotest descendant be abundantly the same !


268. 维清 WEI QING
维清缉熙、文王之典。
肇禋、迄用有成、维周之祯。

Clear , and to be preserved bright ,
Are the statutes of king Wen .
From the first sacrifice [to him] ,
Till now when they have issued in our complete State ,
They have been the happy omen of [the fortunes of] Zhou .


269. 烈文 LIE WEN
烈文辟公、锡兹祉福。
惠我无疆、子孙保之。
无封靡于尔邦、维王其崇之。
念兹戎功、继序其皇之。
无竞维人、四方其训之。
不显维德、百辟其刑之。
於乎前王不忘。

Ye , brilliant and accomplished princes ,
Have conferred on me this happiness .
Your favours to me are without limit ,
And my descendants will preserve [the fruits of] them .
Be not mercenary nor extravagant in your States ,
And the king will honour you .
Thinking of this great service ,
He will enlarge the dignity of your successors .
What is most powerful is the being the man ; --
Its influence will be felt throughout your States .
What is most distinguished is being virtuous ; --
It will secure the imitation of all the princes .
Ah ! the former kings are not forgotten !


270. 天作 TIAN ZUO
天作高山、大王荒之。
彼作矣、文王康之。
彼徂矣岐、有夷之行、子孙保之。

Heaven made the lofty hill ,
And king Da brought [the country about] it under cultivation .
He made the commencement with it ,
And king Wen tranquilly [carried on the work] ,
[Till] that rugged [mount] Qi ,
Had level roads leading to it .
May their descendants ever preserve it !


271. 昊天有成命 HAO TIAN YOU CHENG MING
昊天有成命、二后受之。
成王不敢康、夙夜基命宥密。
於缉熙、单厥心。
肆其靖之。

Heaven made its determinate appointment ,
Which [our] two sovereigns received .
King Cheng did not dare to rest idly in it .
But night and day enlarged its foundations by his deep and silent virtue .
How did he continue and glorify [his heritage] ,
Exerting all his heart ,
And so securing its tranquillity !


272. 我将 WO JIANG
我将我享、维羊维牛、维天其右之。
仪式刑文王之典、日靖四方。
伊嘏文王、既右享之。
我其夙夜、畏天之威、于时保之。

I have brought my offerings ,
A ram and a bull .
May Heaven accept them !
I imitate and follow and observe the statutes of king Wen ,
Seeking daily to secure the tranquillity of hte kingdom .
King Wen , the Blesser ,
Has descended on the right and accepted [the offerings] .
Do not I , night and day ,
Revere the majesty of Heaven .
Thus to preserve [their favour] ?


273. 时迈 SHI MAI
时迈其邦、昊天其子之。
实右序有周。
薄言震之、莫不震叠。
怀柔百神、及河乔岳。
允王维后。
明昭有周、式序在位。
载戢干戈、载櫜弓矢。
我求懿德、肆于时夏。
允王保之。

Now is he making a progress through the States ,
May Heaven accept him as its Son !
Truly are the honour and succession come from it to the House of Zhou .
To his movements ,
All respond with tremulous awe .
He has attracted and given rest to all spiritual Beings ,
Even to [the Spirits of] the He , and the highest hills .
Truly is the king the sovereign Lord .
Brilliant and illustrious is the House of Zhou .
He has regulated the positions of the princes ;
He has called in shields and spears ;
He has returned to their cases bows and arrows .
I will cultivate admirable virtue ,
And display it throughout these great regions : --
Truly will the king preserve the appointment .


274. 执竞 ZHI JING
执竞武王、无竞维烈。
不显成康、上帝是皇。
自彼成康、奄有四方、斤斤其明。
钟鼓喤喤、磬筦将将、降福穰穰。
降福简简、威仪反反。
既醉既饱、福禄来反。

The arm of king Wu was full of strength ;
Irresistable was his ardour .
Greatly illustrious were Cheng and Kang ,
Kinged by God .
When we consider how Cheng and Kang ,
Grandly held all within the four quarters [of the kingdom] ,
How penetrating was their intelligence !
The bells and drums sound in harmony ;
The sounding stones and flutes blend their notes ;
Abundant blessing is sent down .
Blessing is sent down in large measure ;
Careful and exact is all our deportment ;
We have drunk , and we have eaten , to the full ;
Our happiness and dignity will be prolonged .


275. 思文 SI WEN
思文后稷、克配彼天、立我烝民、莫匪尔极。
贻我来牟、帝命率育。
无比疆尔界、陈常于时夏。

O accomplished Hou-ji ,
Thou didst prove thyself the correlate of Heaven ;
Thou didst give grain-food to our multitudes ; --
The immense gift of thy goodness .
Thou didst confer on us the wheat and the barley ,
Which God appointed for the nourishment of all ;
And without distinction of territory or boundary ,
The rules of social duty were diffused throughout these great regions .

周颂臣工之什(SACRIFICIAL ODES OF ZHOU , DECADE OF CHEN GONG)
276. 臣工 CHEN GONG
嗟嗟臣工、敬尔在公。
王厘尔成、来咨来茹。
嗟嗟保介、维莫之春、亦又何求、如何新畲。
於皇来牟、将受厥明。
明昭上帝、迄用康年。
命我众人、庤乃钱鎛、奄观銍艾。

Ah ! Ah ! ministers and officers ,
Reverently attend to your public duties .
The king has given you perfect rules ; --
Consult about them and consider them .
Ah ! Ah ! ye assistants ,
It is now the end of spring ;
And what have ye to seek for ?
[Only] how to manage the new fields and those of the third year .
How beautiful are the wheat and the barley ,
Whose bright produce we shall receive !
The bright and glorious God .
Will in them give us a good year .
Order all our men ,
To be provided with their spuds and hoes : --
Anon we shall see the sickles at work .


277. 噫嘻 YI XI
噫嘻成王、既昭假尔。
率时农夫、播厥百谷。
骏发尔私、终三十里。
亦服尔耕、十千维耦。

Oh ! yes , king Cheng ,
Brightly brought himself near .
Lead your husbandmen ,
To sow their various kinds of grain ,
Going vigorously to work on your private fields ,
All over the thirty Li .
Attend to your ploughing ,
With your ten thousand men all in pairs .


278. 振鹭 ZHEN LU
振鹭于飞、于彼西雝。
我客戾止、亦有斯容。
在彼无恶、在此无斁。
庶几夙夜、以永终誉。

A flock of egrets is flying ,
About the marsh there in the west .
My visitors came ,
With an [elegant] carriage like those birds .
There , [in their States] , not disliked ;
Here , [in Zhou] , never tired of ; --
They are sure , day and night ,
To penetrate their fame .


279. 丰年 FENG NIAN
丰年多黍多稌。
亦有高廪、万亿及秭。
为酒为醴、烝畀祖妣、以洽百礼。
降福孔皆。

Abundant is the year , with much millet and much rice ;
And we have our high granaries ,
With myriads , and hundreds of thousands , and millions [of measures in them] ;< br> For spirits and sweet spirits ,
To present to our ancestors , male and female ,
And to supply all out ceremonies .
The blessings sent down on us are of every kind .


280. 有瞽 YOU GU
有瞽有瞽、在周之庭。
崇牙树羽、应田县鼓、 tao 磬柷圉。
既备乃奏。
箫管备举。
喤喤厥声、肃雝和鸣、先祖先听。
我客戾止、永观厥成。

革+兆
There are the bird musicians ; there are the blind musicians ;
In the court of [the temple of] Zhou .
There are [the music frames] with their face-boards and posts ,
The high toothed-edge [of the former] , and the feathers stuck [in the latter] ;
With the drums , large and small , suspended from them ;
And the hand-drums and sounding-stones , the instrument to give the signal for c ommencing , and the stopper .


281. 潜 QIAN
猗与漆沮、潜有多鱼、有鱣有鲔、鲦鱨鰋鲤。
以享以祀、以介景福。

Oh ! in the Qi and the Ju ,
There are many fish in the warrens ; --
Sturgeons , large and snouted ,
Zhan , yellow-jaws , mudfish , and carp : --
For offerings , for sacrifice ,
That our bright happiness may be increased .


282. 雝 YONG
有来雝雝、至止肃肃。
相维辟公、天子穆穆。
於荐广牡、相予肆祀。
假哉皇考、绥予孝子。
宣哲维人、文武维后。
燕及皇天、克昌厥後。
绥我眉寿、介以繁祉。
既友烈考、亦友文母。

They come full of harmony ;
They are here , in all gravity ; --
The princess assisting ,
While the Son of Heaven looks profound .
'While I present [this] noble bull ,
And they assist me in setting forth the sacrifice ,
O great and august Father ,
Comfort me , your filial Son !
'With penetrating wisdom thou did'st play the man ,
A sovereign with the gifts both of peace and war ,
Giving rest even to great Heaven ,
And ensuring prosperity to thy descendants .
'Thou comfortest me with the eyebrows of longevity ;
Thou makest me great with manifold blessings .
I offer this sacrifice to my meritorious father ,
And to my accomplished mother . '


283. 载见 ZAI JIAN
载见辟王、曰求厥章。
龙旗阳阳、和铃央央。
鞗革有鶬、休有烈光。
率见昭考、以考以享、以介眉寿。
永言保之、思皇多祜。
烈文辟公、绥以多福、俾缉熙于纯嘏。

They appeared before their sovereign king ,
To seek from him the rules [they were to observe] .
With their dargon-emblazoned banners , flying bright ,
The bells on them and their front-boards tinkling ,
And with the rings on the ends of the reins glittering ,
Admirable was their majesty , and splendour .
He led them to appear before his father shrined on the left ,
Where he discharged hisi filial duty , and presented his offerings ; --
That he might have granted to him long life ,
And ever preserve [his dignity] .
Great and many are his blessings .
They are the brilliant and accomplished princes .
Who cheer him with his many sources of happiness ,
Enabling him to perpetuate them in their brightness as pure blessing .


284. 有客 YOU KE
有客有客、亦白其马。
有萋有且、敦琢其旅。
有客宿宿、有客信信。
言授之絷、以絷其马。
薄言追之、左右绥之。
既有淫威、降福孔夷。

The noble visitor ! The noble visitor !
Drawn like his ancestors by white horses !
The revered and dignified ,
Polished members of his suite !
The noble guest will stop [but] a night or two !
The noble guest will stop [but] two nights or four !
Give him ropes ,
To blind his horses .
I will convoy him [with a parting feast] ;
I will comfort him in every possible way .
Adorned with such great dignity ,
It is very natural that he should be blessed .


285. 武 WU
於皇武王、无竞维烈。
允文文王、克开厥後。
嗣武受之、胜殷遏刘、耆定尔功。

Oh ! great wast thou , O king Wu ,
Displaying the utmost strength in thy work .
Truly accomplished was king Wen ,
Opening the path for his successors .
Thou did'st receive the inheritance from him ;
Thou did'st vanquish Yin , and put a stop to its cruelties ; --
Effecting the firm establishment of thy merit .

周颂闵予小子之什(SACRIFICIAL ODES OF ZHOU, DECADE OF MIN YOU XIAO ZI)
286. 闵予小子 MIN YU XIAO ZI
闵予小子、遭家不造、嬛嬛在疚。
於乎皇考、永世克考。
念兹皇祖、陟降庭止。
维予小子、夙夜敬止。
於乎皇王、继序思不忘。

Alas for me , who am [as] a little child ,
On whom has devolved the unsettled State !
Solitary am I and full of distress .
Oh ! my great Father ,
All thy life long , thou wast filial .
Thou didst think of my great grandfather ,
[Seeing him , as it were ,] ascending and descending in the court .
I , the little child ,
Day and night will be so reverent .
Oh ! ye great kings ,
As your successor , I will strive not to forget you .


287. 访落 FANG LUO
访予落止、率时昭考。
於乎悠哉、朕未有艾。
将予就之、继犹判涣。
维予小子、未堪家多难。
绍庭上下、陟降厥家。
休矣皇考、以保明其身。

I take counsel at the beginning of my [rule] ,
How I can follow [the example] of my shrined father .
Ah ! far-reaching [were his plans] ,
And I am not yet able to carry them out .
However I endeavour to reach to them ,
My continuation of them will still be all-deflected .
I am [but as] a little child ,
Unequal to the many difficulties of the State .
In his room , [I will look for him] to go up and come down in the court ,
To ascend and descend in the house .
Admirable art thou , O great Father ,
[Condescend] to preserve and enlighten me .


288. 敬之 JING ZHI
敬之敬之、天维显思、命不易哉。
无曰高高在上、陟降厥士、日监在兹。
维予小子、不聪敬止。
日就月将、学有缉熙于光明。
佛时仔肩、示我显德行。

Let me be reverent , let me be reverent , [in attending to my duties] ;
[The way of] Heaven is evident ,
And its appointment is not easily [preserved] .
Let me not say that It is high aloft above me .
It ascends and descends about our doings ;
It daily inspects us wherever we are .
I am [but as] a little child ,
Without intelligence to be reverently [attractive to my duties] ;
But by daily progress and monthly advance ,
I will learn to hold fast the gleams [of knowledge] , till I arrive at bright in telligence .
Assist me to bear the burden [of my position] ,
And show me how to display a virtuous conduct .


289. 小毖 XIAO BI
予其惩 。
而毖後患。
莫予荓蜂。
自求辛螫。
肇允彼桃虫。
拚飞维鸟。
未堪家多难。
予又集于蓼。

I condemn myself [for the past] , and will be on my guard against future calamit y .
I will have nothing to do with a wasp ,
To seek for myself its painful sting .
At first , indeed , the thing seemed but a wren ,
But it took wing and became a [large] bird .
I am unequal to the many difficulties of the kingdom ;
And I am placed in the midst of bitter experiences .


290. 载芟 ZAI SHAN
载芟载柞、其耕泽泽。
千耦其耘、徂湿徂畛。
侯主侯伯、侯亚侯旅、侯疆侯以。
有嗿其饁、思媚其妇、有依其士。
有略其耜、俶载南亩。
播厥百壳、实函斯活。
驿驿其达、有厌其杰。
厌厌其苗、绵绵其麃。
载获济济、有实其积、万亿及秭。
为酒为醴、烝畀祖妣、以洽百体。
有飶其香、邦家之光。
有椒其馨、胡考之宁。
匪且有且、匪今斯今、振古如兹。

They clear away the grass and the bushes ;
And the ground is laid open by their ploughs .
In thousands of pairs they remove the roots ,
Some in the low wet lands , some along the dykes .
There are the master and his eldest son ;
His younger sons , and all their children ;
Their strong helpers , and their hired servants .
How the noise of their eating the viands brought to them resounds !
[The husbands] think lovingly of their wives ;
[The wives] keep close to their husbands .
[Then] with their sharp plough-shares ,
They set to work on the south-lying acres .
They sow their different kinds of grain ,
Each seed containing in it a germ of life .
In unbroken lines rises the blade ,
And well-nourished the stalks grow long .
Luxuriant looks the young grain ,
And the weeders go among it in multitudes .
Then come the reapers in crowds ,
And the grain is piled up the fields ,
Myriads , and hundreds of thousands , and millions [of stacks] ;
For spirits and for sweet spirits ,
To offer to our ancestors , male and female ,
And to provide for all ceremonies .
Fragrant is their aroma ,
Enhancing the glory of the State .
Like pepper is their smell ,
To give comfort to the aged .
It is not here only that there is this [abundance] ;
It is not now only that there is such a time : --
From of old it has been thus .


291. 良耜 LIANG SI
畟畟良耜、俶载南亩。
播厥百壳、实函斯活。
或来瞻女、载筐及筥、其饟伊黍。
其笠伊纠、其鎛斯赵、以薅荼蓼。
荼蓼朽止、黍稷茂止。
获之挃挃、积之栗栗。
其崇如墉、其比如栉。
以开百室。
百室盈止、妇子宁止。
杀时犉牡、有捄其角。
以似以续、续古之人。

Very sharp are the excellent shares ,
With which they set to work on the south-lying acres .
They sow their different kinds of grain ,
Each seed containing a germ of life .
There are those who come to see them ,
With their baskets round and square ,
Containing the provision of millet .
With their light splint hats on their heads ,
They ply their hoes on the ground ,
Clearing away the smart-weed on the dry land and wet .
These weeds being decayed ,
The millets grow luxuriantly .
They fall rustling before the reapers .
And [the sheaves] are set up solidly ,
High as a wall ,
United together like the teeth of a comb ;
And the hundred houses are opened [to receive the grain] .
Those hundred houses being full ,
The wives and children have a feeling of repose .
[Now] we kill this black-muzzled tawny bull ,
With his crooked horns ,
To imitate and hand down ,
To land down [the observances of] our ancestors .


292. 丝衣 SI YI
丝衣其紑、载弁俅俅。
自堂徂基、自羊徂牛。
鼐鼎及鼒、兕觥其觩。
旨酒思柔。
不吴不敖、胡考之休。

In his silken robes , clear and bright ,
With his cap on his head , looking so respectful ,
From the hall he goes to the foot of the stairs ,
And from the sheep to the oxen .
[He inspects] the tripods , large and small .
The good spirits are mild ;
There is no noise , no insolence : --
An auspice , [all this] , of great longevity .


293. 酌 ZHUO
於铄王师、遵养时晦。
时纯熙矣、是用大介。
我龙受之、蹻蹻王之造。
载用有嗣、实维尔公允师。

Oh ! powerful was the king's army ;
But he nursed it in obedience to circumstances while the time was yet dark .
When the time was clearly bright ,
He thereupon donned his grand armour .
We have been favoured to receive ,
What the martial king accomplished .
To deal aright with what we have inherited ,
We have to be sincere imitators of thy course , [O king] .


294. 桓 HUAN
绥万邦、娄丰年。
天命匪解。
桓桓武王、保有厥士。
于以四方、克定厥家。
於昭于天。
皇以闲之。

There is peace throughout our myriad regions ;
There has been a succession of plentiful years : --
Heaven does not weary in its favour .
The martial king Wu ,
Maintained [the confidence of] his officers ,
And employed them all over the kingdom ,
So securing the establishment of his Family .
Oh ! glorious was he in the sight of Heaven ,
Which kinged him in the room [of Shang] .


295. 赉 LAI
文王既勤止、我应受之。
敷时绎思、我徂维求定。
时周之命、於绎思。

King Wen laboured earnestly ; --
Right is it we should have received [the kingdom] .
We will diffuse [his virtue] , ever cherishing the thought of him ;
Henceforth we will seek only the settlement [of the kingdom] .
It was he through whom came the appointment of Zhou ;
Oh ! let us ever cherish the thought of him .


296. 般 BAN
於皇时周。
陟其高山、嶞山乔岳、允犹翕河。
敷天之下、裒时之对、时周之命。

Oh ! great now is Zhou .
We ascend the high hills ,
Both those that are long and narrow , and the lofty mountains ;
Yes , and [we travel] along the regulated He ,
All under the sky ,
Assembling those who now respond to me .
Thus it is that the appointment belongs to Zhou .

鲁颂(PRAISE-SONGS OF LU)
297. 駉 JIONG
駉駉牡马、在垧之野。
薄言駉者、有驈有皇、有骊有黄、以车彭彭。
思无疆、思马斯臧。
駉駉牡马、在垧之野。

薄言駉者、有骓有駓、有騂有骐、以车伾伾。
思无期、思马斯才。
駉駉牡马、在垧之野。

薄言駉者、有驒有骆、有骝有雒、以车绎绎。
思无斁、思马斯才。
駉駉牡马、在垧之野。

薄言駉者、有駰有騢、有驔有鱼、以车祛祛。
思无邪、思马斯徂。

Fat and large are the stallions ,
On the plains of the far-distant borders .
Of those stallions , fat and large ,
Some are black and white-breeched ; some light yellow ;
Some , pure black ; some , bay ;
[All] , splendid carriage horses .
His thoughts are without limit ; --
He thinks of his horses , and they are thus good .

Fat and large are the stallions ,
On the plains of the far-distant borders .
Of those stallions , fat and large ,
Some are piebald , green and white ; others , yellow and white ;
Some , yellowish red ; some , dapple grey ;
[All] , strong carriage horses .
His thoughts are without end ; --
He thinks of his horses , and they are thus strong .

Fat and large are the stallions ,
On the plains of the far-distant borders .
Of those stallions , fat and large ,
Some are flecked as with scales ; some , white and black-maned ;
Some , red and black-maned ; some , black and white-maned ;
[All] , docile in the carriage ,
His thoughts never weary ; --
He thinks of his horses , and such they become .

Fat and large are the stallions ,
On the plains of the far-distant borders .
Of those stallions , fat and large ,
Some are cream-coloured ; some , red and white ;
Some , with white hairy legs ; some , with fishes' eyes ;
[All] , stout carriage horses .
His thoughts are without depravity ; -- ;
He thinks of his horses , and thus serviceable are they .


298. 有駜 YOU BI
有駜有駜、駜彼乘黄。
夙夜在公、在公明明。
振振鹭、鹭于下。
鼓咽咽、醉言舞。
于胥乐兮。

有駜有駜、駜彼乘牡。
夙夜在公、在公饮酒。
振振鹭、鹭于飞。
鼓咽咽、醉言归。
于胥乐兮。

有駜有駜、駜彼乘駽。
夙夜在公、在公载燕。
自今以始、岁其有。
君子有壳、诒孙子。
于胥乐兮。

Fat and strong , fat and strong ,
Fat and strong , are the chestnut teams .
Early and late are the [officers] in the court ,
In the court , discriminating and intelligent .
[They are as] a flock of egrets on the wing ,
Of egrets anon lighting on the ground .
The drums emit their deep sound ;
They drink to the full and then dance ; --
Thus rejoicing together .

Fat and strong , fat and strong ,
Fat and strong are the teams of stallions .
Early and late are the [officers] with the prince ,
With the prince drinking .
[They are as] a flock of egrets on the wing ,
Of egrets flying about .
The drums emit their deep sound ;
They drink to the full and then return home ; --
Thus rejoicing together .

Fat and strong , fat and strong ,
Fat and strong are the teams of iron-greys .
Early and late are the [officers] with the prince ,
With the prince feasting .
'From this time forth ,
May the years be abundant .
May our prince maintain his goodness ,
And transmit it to his descendants ! ' --
Thus they rejoice together .


299. 泮水 PAN SHUI
思乐泮水、薄采其芹。
鲁侯戾止、言观其旗。
其旗茷茷、鸾声哕哕。
无小无大、从公于迈。

思乐泮水、薄采其藻。
鲁侯戾止、其马蹻蹻。
其马蹻蹻、其音昭昭。
载色载笑、匪怒伊教。

思乐泮水、薄采其茆。
鲁侯戾止、在泮饮酒。
既饮旨酒、永锡难老。
顺彼长道、屈此群丑。

穆穆鲁侯、敬明其德。
敬慎威仪、维民之则。
允文允武、昭假烈祖。
靡有不孝、自求伊祜。

明明鲁侯、克明其德。
既作泮宫、淮夷攸服。
矫矫虎臣、在泮献馘。
淑问如皋陶、在泮献囚。

济济多士、克广德心。
桓桓于征、狄彼东南。
烝烝皇皇、不吴不扬。
不告于 xiong 、在泮献功。

角弓其觩、束矢其搜。
戎车孔博、徒御无斁。
既克淮夷、孔淑不逆。
式固尔犹、淮夷卒获。

翩彼飞鴞、集于泮林、食我桑黮、怀我好音。
憬彼淮夷、来献其琛、元龟象齿、大赂南金。

言+凶
Pleasant is the semi-circular water ,
And we will gather the cress about it .
The marquis of Lu is coming to it ,
And we see his dragon-figured banner .
His banner waves in the wind ,
And the bells of his horses tinkle harmoniously .
Small and great ,
All follow the prince in his progress to it .

Pleasant is the semi-circular water ,
And we will gather the pondweed in it .
The marquis of Lu has come to it ,
With his horses looking so grand .
His horses are grand .
His fame is brilliant .
Blandly he looks and smiles ;
Without any impatience he delivers his instructions .

Pleasant is the semi-circular water ,
And we will gather the mallows about it .
The marquis of Lu has come to it ,
And in the college he is drinking .
He is drinking the good spirits ;
And may there be given him the old age that is seldom enjoyed !
May he accord with the grand ways ,
So subduing to himself all the people !

Very admirable is the marquis of Lu ,
Reverently displaying his virtue ,
And reverently watching over his deportment ,
The pattern of the people .
With great qualities truly civil and martial ,
Brilliantly he affects his meritorious ancestors .
In everything entirely filial ,
He seeks the blessing for himself .

Very intelligent is the marquis of Lu ,
Making his virtue illustrious .
He has made this college with its semicircle of water ,
And the tribes of the Huai will submit in consequence .
His martial-looking , tiger leaders ,
Will here present the left ears [of their foes] .
His examiners , wise as Gao-tao ,
Will here present their prisoners .

His numerous officers ,
Men who have enlarged their virtuous minds ,
With martial energy conducting their expedition ,
Will drive far away those tribes of the east and south .
Vigorous and grand ,
Without noise or display ,
Without having appealed to the judges ,
They will here present [the proofs of] their merit .

How they draw their bows adorned with bone !
How their arrows whizz forth !
Their war chariots are very large !
Their footmen and charioteers never weary !
They have subdued the tribes of the Huai ,
And brought them to an unrebellious submission !
Only lay your plans securely ,
And all the tribes of the Huai will be got !

They come flying on the wing , those owls ,
And settle on the trees about the college ;
They eat the fruit of our mulberry trees ,
And salute us with fine notes .
So awakened shall be those tribes of the Huai ;
They will come presenting their precious things ,
Their large tortoises and their elephants' teeth ,
And great contributions of the southern metals .


300. 閟宫 BI GONG
閟宫有侐、实实枚枚。
赫赫姜嫄、其德不回。
上帝是依、无灾无害。
弥月不迟、是生后稷、降之百福。
黍稷重穋、植稚菽麦。
奄有下国、俾民稼穑、有稷有黍、有稻有秬。
奄有下土、缵禹之绪。

后稷之孙、实维大王。
居岐之阳、实始翦商。
至于文武、缵大王之绪。
致天之届、于牧之野。
无贰无虞、上帝临女。
敦商之旅、克咸厥功。
王曰叔父、建尔元子、俾侯于鲁。
大启尔宇、为周室辅。

乃命鲁公、俾侯于东。
锡之山川、土田附庸。
周公职孙、庄公之子。
龙旗承祀、六辔耳耳。
春秋匪解、享祀不忒。
皇皇后帝、皇祖后稷。
享以騂牺、是飨是宜。
降福既多、周公皇祖、亦其福女。

秋而载尝、夏而楅衡。
白牡騂刚、牺尊将将。
毛炰胾羹、笾豆大房。
万舞洋洋、孝孙有庆。
俾尔炽而昌、俾尔寿而藏。
保彼东方、鲁邦是常。
不亏不崩、不震不腾。
三寿作朋、如冈如陵。

公车千乘、朱英绿縢、二矛重弓。
公徒三万、贝胄朱綅。
烝徒增增、戎狄是膺。
荆舒适惩、则莫我敢承。
俾尔昌而炽、俾尔寿而富、黄发台背、寿胥与试。
俾尔昌而大、俾尔耆而艾、万有千岁、眉寿无有害。

泰山岩岩、鲁邦所詹。
奄有龟蒙、遂荒大东、贝胄朱綅。
至于海邦、淮夷来同。
莫不率从、鲁侯之功。

保有凫绎、遂荒徐宅。
至于海邦、淮夷蛮貊。
及彼南夷、莫不率从。
莫敢不诺、鲁侯是若。

天锡公纯嘏、眉寿保鲁。
居常与许、复周公之宇。
鲁侯燕喜、令妻寿母。
宜大夫庶士、邦国是有。
既多受祉、黄发儿齿。

徂来之松、新甫之柏。
是断是度、是寻是尺。
松桷有舄、路寝孔硕。
新庙奕奕、奚斯所作。
孔曼且硕、万民是若。

How pure and still are the solemn temples ,
In their strong solidity and minute completeness !
Highly distinguished was Jiang Yuan ,
Of virtue undeflected .
God regarded her with favour ;
And without injury or hurt ,
Immediately , when her months were fulfilled ,
She gave birth to Hou-ji .
On him were conferred all blessings , --
[To know] how the millet ripened early , and the sacrificial millet late ,
How first to sow pulse , and then wheat .
Anon he was invested with an inferior State ,
And taught the people how to sow and to reap ,
The millet and the sacrificial millet ,
Rice and the black millet ;
Ere long all over the whole country ; --
[Thus] continuing the work of Yu .

Among the descendants of Hou-ji ,
There was king Da ,
Dwelling on the south of [mount] Qi ,
Where the clipping of Shang began .
In process of time Wen and Wu ,
Continued the work of king Da ,
And [the purpose of] Heaven was carried out in its time ,
In the plain of Mu .
'Have no doubts , no anxieties , ' [it was said] ;
'God is with you . '
[Wu] disposed of the troops of Shang ;
He and his men shared equally in the achievement .
[Then] king [Qing] said , ' My uncle ,
I will set up your eldest son ,
And make him marquis of Lu .
I will greatly enlarge your territory there ,
To be a help and support to the House of Zhou . '

Accordingly he appointed [our first] duke of Lu ,
And make him marquis in the east ,
Giving him the hills and rivers ,
The lands and fields , and the attached States .
The [present] descendant of the duke of Zhou ,
The son of duke Zhuang ,
With dragon-emblazoned banner attends the sacrifices ,
His six reins soft and pliant .
In spring and autumn he does not neglect [the sacrifices] ;
His offerings are all without error .
To the great and sovereign God ,
And to his great ancestor Hou-ji ,
He offers the victims , red and pure .
Then enjoy , they approve ,
And bestow blessings in large number .
The duke of Zhou , and [your other] great ancestors ,
Also bless you .

In autumn comes the sacrifices of the season ,
But in summer the bulls for it have had their horns capped .
They are the white bull and the red one ;
[There are] the bull-figured goblet in its dignity ;
Roast pig , minced meat , and soups ;
The dishes of bamboo and wood , and the large stand ;
And the dancers all-complete .
The filial descendant will be blessed .
[Your ancestors]will make you gloriously prosperous !
They will make you long-lived and good , --
To preserve this eastern region ,
Long possessing the State of Lu ,
Unwaning , unfallen ,
Unshaken , undisturbed !
They will make your friendship with your three aged [ministers] ,
Like the hills , like the mountains !

Our prince's chariots are a thousand ,
[And in each] are the vermilion tassels and the green bands of the two spears an d two bows .
His footmen are thirty thousand ,
With shells no vermillion-strings adorning their helmets .
So numerous are his ardent followers ,
To deal with the tribes of the west and north ,
And to punish [those of] King and Shu ,
So that none of them will dare to withstand us .
May [the Spirits] make you grandly prosperous !
May they make you long-lived and wealthy !
May the hoary hair and wrinkled back ,
Marking the aged men , be always in your employment !
May they make you prosperous and great !
May they grant you old age , ever vigorous ,
For myriads and thousands of years ,
With the eyebrows of longevity , and ever unharmed !

The mountain of Da is lofty ,
Looked up to by the State of Lu .
We grandly possess also Gui and Mong ;
And we shall extend to the limits of the east ,
Even the States along the sea .
The tribes of the Huai will seek our alliance ; --
All will proffer their allegiance : --
Such shall be the achievements of the marquis of Lu .

He shall maintain the possession of Hu and Yi ,
And extend his sway to the regions of Xu ,
Even to the States along the sea .
The tribes of the Huai , the Man , and the Mi ,
And those tribes [still more] to the south ,
All will proffer their allegiance : --
Not one will dare not to answer to his call ,
Thus showing their obedience to the marquis of Lu .

Heaven will give great blessing to our prince ,
So that with the eyebrows of longevity he shall maintain Lu .
He shall possess Chang and Xu ,
And recover all the territory of the duke of Zhou .
Then shall the marquis of Lu feast and be glad ,
With his admirable wife and aged mother ;
With his excellent ministers and all his [other] officers .
Our region and State shall be hold ,
Thus receiving many blessings ,
To hoary hair , with a child's teeth .

The pines of Cu-lei ,
And the cypresses of Xin-fu ,
Were cut down and measured ,
With the cubit line and the eight cubits line .
The projecting beams of pine were large ;
The large inner apartments rose vast .
Splendid look the new temples ,
The work of Xi-si ,
Very wide and large ,
Answering to the expectations of all the people .

商颂(SACRIFICIAL ODES OF SHANG)
301. 那 NA
猗与那与、置我 tao 鼓。
奏鼓简简、衎我烈祖。
汤孙奏假、绥我思成。
tao 鼓渊渊、嘒嘒管声。
既和且平、依我声声。
於赫汤孙、穆穆厥声。
庸鼓有斁、万舞有奕。
我有嘉客、亦不夷怿。
自古在昔、先民有作。
温恭朝夕、执事有恪。
顾予烝尝、汤孙之将。

革+兆
How admirable ! how complete !
Here are set our hand-drums and drums .
The drums resound harmonious and loud ,
To delight our meritorious ancestor .
The descendant of Tang invites him with this music ,
That he may soothe us with the realization of our thoughts .
Deep is the sound of the hand-drums and drums ;
Shrilly sound the flutes ;
All harmonious and blending together ,
According to the notes of the sonorous gem .
Oh ! majestic is the descendant of Tang ;
Very admirable is his music .
The large bells and drums fill the ear ;
The various dances are grandly performed .
We have admirable visitors ,
Who are pleased and delighted .
From the old , before our time ,
The former men set us the example ; --
How to be mild and humble from morning to night ,
And to be reverent in discharging the service .
May he regard our sacrifices in summer and autumn ,
[Thus] offered by the descendant of Tang !


302. 烈祖 LIE ZU
嗟嗟烈祖、有秩斯祜。
申锡无疆、及尔思所。
既载清酤、赉我思成。
亦有和羹、既戒既平。
鬷假无言、时靡有争。
绥我眉寿、黄耇无疆。
约軧错衡、八鸾鶬鶬。
以假以享、我受命溥将。
自天降康、丰年穰穰。
来假来飨、降福无疆。
顾予烝尝、汤孙之将。

Ah ! ah ! our meritorious ancestor !
Permanent are the blessings coming from him ,
Repeatedly conferred without end : --
They have come to you in this place .
The clear spirits are in our vessels ,
And there is granted to us the realization of our thoughts .
There are also the well-tempered soups ,
Prepared beforehand , the ingredients rightly proportioned .
By these offerings we invite his presence , without a word ,
Nor is there now any contention [in any part of the service] .
He will bless us with the eyebrows of longevity ,
With the grey hair and wrinkled face , in unlimited degree .
With the naves of their wheels bound with leather , and their ornamented yokes ,
With the eight bells at their horses' bits all tinkling ,
[The princess] come and assist at the offerings .
We have received the appointment in all its greatness ,
And from Heaven is our prosperity sent down ,
Fruitful years of great abundance .
[Our ancestor] will come and enjoy [our offerings] ,
And confer [on us] happiness without limit .
May he regard our sacrifices in summer and winter ,
[Thus] offered by the descendant of Tang !


303. 玄鸟 XUAN NIAO
天命玄鸟、降而生商、宅殷土芒芒。
古帝命武汤、正域彼四方。
方命厥后、奄有九有。
商之先后、受命不殆、在武丁孙子。
武丁孙子、武王靡不胜。
龙旗十乘、大饎是承。
邦畿千里、维民所止、肇域彼四海。
四海来假、来假祁祁、景员维河。
殷受命咸宜、百禄是何。

Heaven commissioned the swallow ,
To descend and give birth to [the father of our] Shang .
[His descendants] dwelt in the land of Yin , and became great .
[Then] long ago God appointed the martial Tang ,
To regulate the boundaries throughout the four quarters .
[In those] quarters he appointed the princes ,
And grandly possessed the nine regions [of the kingdom] .
The first sovereign of Shang ,
Received the appointment without any element of instability in it ,
And it is [now] held by the descendant of Wu-ding .
The descendant of Wu-ding ,
Is a martial king , equal to every emergency .
Ten princes , [who came] with their dragon-emblazoned banners ,
Bear the large dishes of millet .
The royal domain of a thousand Li ,
Is where the people rest ;
But there commence the boundaries that reach to the four seas .
From the four seas they come [to out sacrifices] ;
They come in multitudes ; --
King has the He for its outer border .
That Yin should have received the apppointment [of Heaven] was entirely right ; --
[Its sovereign] sustains all its dignities .


304. 长发 CHANG FA
濬哲维商、长发其祥。
洪水芒芒、禹敷下土方、外大国是疆。
幅陨既长、有娀方将、帝立子生商。

玄王桓拨、受小国是达、受大国是达。
率履不越、遂视既发。
相土烈烈、海外有截。

帝命不违、至于汤齐。
汤降不迟、圣敬日跻。
昭假迟迟、上帝是祗、帝命式于九围。

受小球大球、为下国缀旒。
何天之休、不竞不絿、不刚不柔、敷政优优、百禄是遒。

受小共大共、为下国骏厖。
何天之龙、敷奏其勇、不震不动、不戁不竦、百禄是总。

武王载旆、有虔秉钺。
如火烈烈、则莫我敢曷。
苞有三蘖、莫遂莫达、九有有截。
韦顾既伐、昆吾夏桀。

昔在中叶、有震且业。
允也天子、降于乡士、实维阿衡、实左右商王。

Profoundly wise were [the lords of] Shang ,
And long had there appeared the omens [of their dignity ].
When the waters of the deluge spread vast abroad ,
Yu arranged and divided the regions of the land ,
And assigned to the exterior great States their boundaries ,
With their borders extending all over [the kingdom] .
Then the State of Song began to be great ,
And God raised up the son [of its daughter] , and founded [the Family of] Shang .

The dark king exercised an effective sway .
Charged with a small State , he commanded success ;
Charged with a large State , he commanded success .
He followed his rules of conduct without error ;
Wherever he inspected [the people] , they responded [to his instructions] .
[Then came] Xiang-tu , all-ardent ,
And all [within] the seas , beyond [the middle region] , acknowledged his restra ints .

The favour of God did not leave [Shang] ,
And in Tang was found the subject for its display .
Tang was not born too late ,
And his wisdom and virtue daily advanced .
Brilliant was the influence of his character [on Heaven] for long ,
And God appointed him to be model to the nine regions .

He received the rank-tokens [of the States] , small and large ,
Which depended on him , like the pendants of a banner ; --
So did he receive the blessing of Heaven .
He was neither violent nor remiss ,
Neither hard nor soft .
Gently he spread his instructions abroad ,
And all dignities and riches were concentrated iin him .

He received the tribute [of the States] , large and small ,
And he supported them as a strong steed [does its burden] ; --
So did he receive the favour of Heaven .
He displayed everywhere his valour ,
Unshaken , unmoved ,
Unterrified , unscared : --
All dignities were united in him .

The martial king displayed his banner ,
And with reverence grasped his axe .
It was like [the case of] a blazing fire ,
Which no one can repress .
The root , with its three shoots ,
Could make no progress , no growth .
The nine regions were effectually secured by him .
Having smitten [the princes of] Wei and Gu ,
He dealt with [the prince of] Kun-wu , and with Jie of Xia .

Formerly in the middle of the period [before Tang] ,
There was a time of shaking and peril ,
But truly did Heaven [then] deal with him as its son ,
And sent him down a minister ,
Namely A-heng ,
Who gave his assistance to the king of Shang .


305. 殷武 YIN WU
挞彼殷武、奋伐荆楚。
深入其阻、裒荆之旅。
有截有所、汤孙之绪。

维女荆楚、居国南乡。
昔有成汤、自彼氐羌、莫干不来享、莫干不来王、曰商是常。

天命多辟、设都于禹之绩。
岁事来辟、勿予祸适、稼穑匪解。

天命降监、下民有严。
不僭不滥、不敢怠遑。
命于下国、封建厥福。

商邑翼翼、四方之极。
赫赫厥声、濯濯厥灵。
寿考且宁、以保我後生。

陟彼景山、松柏丸丸。
是断是迁、方斲是虔。
松桷有梴、旅楹有闲、寝成孔安。

Rapid was the warlike energy of [our king of] Yin ,
And vigorously did he attack Jing-Chu .
Boldly he entered its dangerous passes ,
And brought the multitudes of King together ,
Till the country was reduced under complete restraint : --
Such was the fitting achievement of the descendant of Tang .

'Ye people , ' [he said] , ' of Jing-chu ,
Dwell in the southern part of my kingdom .
Formerly , in the time of Tang the Successful ,
Even from the Jiang of Di ,
They dared not but come with their offerings ;
[Their chiefs] dared not but come to seek acknowledgment : --
Such is the regular rule of Shang . '

Heaven has given their appointments [to the princes] ,
But where their capitals had been assigned within the sphere of the labours of Y u ,
For the business of every year , they appeared before our king ,
[Saying] , ' Do not punish nor reprove us ;
We have not been remiss in our husbandry . '

When Heaven by its will is inspecting [the kingdom] ,
The lower people are to be feared .
[Our king] showed no partiality [in rewarding] , no excess [in punishing] ;
He dared not to allow himself in indolence : --
So was his appointment [established] over the States ,
And he made his happiness grandly secure .

The capital of Shang was full of order ,
The model for all parts of the kingdom ,
Glorious was his fame ;
Brilliant , his energy .
Long lived he and enjoyed tranquillity ,
And so he preserves us , his descendants .

We ascended the hill of King ,
Where the pines and cypresses grew symmetrical .
We cut them down , and conveyed them here ;
We reverently hewed them square .
Long are the projecting beams of pine ;
Large are the many pillars .
The temple was completed , -- the tranquil abode [of his tablet] .


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